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Abu Dhabi Comm Bnk (IRSH)

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Tuesday 29 January, 2019

Abu Dhabi Comm Bnk

Annual Financial Report

RNS Number : 4210O
Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank PJSC
29 January 2019
 

 

     Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank PJSC
Consolidated financial statements
For the year ended December 31, 2018
 

 

 

        Click on, or paste the following link into your web browser, to view the associated PDF document.

         http://www.rns-pdf.londonstockexchange.com/rns/4210O_1-2019-1-29.pdf 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

Consolidated statement of financial position.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 11

Consolidated income statement.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 12

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 13

Consolidated statement of changes in equity................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 14

Consolidated statement of cash flows.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 15

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

1.     Activities and areas of operations.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 16

2.     Application of new and revised International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs)................................................................................................................ 16

3.     Summary of significant accounting policies.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18

3.1... Basis of preparation............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 18

3.2... Measurement............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 18

3.3... Functional and presentation currency.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 18

3.4... Use of estimates and judgements.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18

3.5... Basis of consolidation......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 19

3.6... Changes in accounting policies................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 21

3.7... Foreign currencies................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 30

3.8... Offsetting...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 30

3.9... Sale and repurchase agreements........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 30

3.10................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Securities borrowing and lending........... 31

3.11................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cash and cash equivalents........... 31

3.12............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Amortised cost measurement........... 31

3.13........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Fair value measurement........... 31

3.14.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Derivatives........... 32

3.15......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Hedge accounting........... 32

3.16.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Treasury shares and contracts on own shares........... 34

3.17.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Financial guarantees........... 34

3.18........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Acceptances........... 34

3.19.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Collateral repossessed........... 35

3.20.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Leasing........... 35

3.21............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Investment properties........... 35

3.22....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Property and equipment........... 36

3.23........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Capital work in progress........... 36

3.24............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Intangible assets........... 36

3.25.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Borrowing costs........... 37

3.26.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Business combinations and goodwill........... 37

3.27............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Impairment of non-financial assets........... 37

3.28....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Employee benefits........... 38

3.29............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Provisions and contingent liabilities........... 39

3.30....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Segment reporting........... 40

3.31................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Taxation........... 40

3.32................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Revenue and expense recognition........... 40

3.33............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Islamic financing........... 41

4.     Significant accounting judgements, estimates and assumptions...................................................................................................................................................................... 43

5.     Cash and balances with central banks, net........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 46

6.     Deposits and balances due from banks, net........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 46

7.     Reverse-repo placements...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47

8.     Trading securities......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47

9.     Derivative financial instruments.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 48

10.   Investment securities................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 51

11.   Loans and advances to customers, net...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 52

12.   Investment in associate........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 53

13.   Investment properties............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 53

14.   Other assets, net............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 54

15.   Property and equipment, net............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 55

16.   Due to banks..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 56

17.   Deposits from customers....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 56

18.   Euro commercial paper........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 56

19.   Borrowings.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58

20.   Other liabilities................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 61

21.   Share capital...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 62

22.   Other reserves................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 63

23.   Islamic financing............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 64

24.   Employees' incentive plan shares, net...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 65

25.   Capital notes...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 65

26.   Interest income............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 66

27.   Interest expense............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 66

28.   Net fees and commission income................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 66

29.   Net trading income...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 66

30.   Other operating income.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 66

31.   Operating expenses.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 67

32.   Impairment allowances........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 67

33.   Earnings per share...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 67

34.   Operating lease............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 68

35.   Cash and cash equivalents................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 68

36.   Related party transactions................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69

37.   Commitments and contingent liabilities.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 71

38.   Operating segments................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 71

39.   Financial instruments............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74

40.   Fair value hierarchy................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75

41.   Risk management......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 77

42.   Credit risk management......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78

42.1 Maximum exposure to credit risk......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 85

42.2 Gross exposure....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 85

42.3 Expected credit losses...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87

42.4 Concentration of credit risk........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 90

42.5 Credit risk measurement and mitigation policies................................................................................................................................................................................................... 92

43.   Interest rate risk framework, measurement and monitoring.............................................................................................................................................................................. 94

44.   Liquidity risk framework, measurement and monitoring....................................................................................................................................................................................... 97

45.   Foreign exchange risk framework, measurement and monitoring............................................................................................................................................................. 103

46.   Market risk framework, measurement and management................................................................................................................................................................................... 105

47.   Operational risk management....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 108

48.   Foreign currency balances................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 109

49.   Trust activities.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 109

50.   Subsidiaries.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 109

51.   Capital adequacy and capital management...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 110

52.   Social contributions................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 115

53.   Legal proceedings..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115

54.   Subsequent events.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 115

 

 

 

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT

 

 

To the Shareholders

Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank PJSC

 

Report on the audit of the consolidated financial statements

 

Opinion

 

We have audited the consolidated financial statements of Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank PJSC, Abu Dhabi (the "Bank") which comprise the consolidated statement of financial position as at 31 December 2018, and the consolidated income statement, consolidated statement of comprehensive income, consolidated statement of changes in equity and consolidated statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the consolidated financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.

 

In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Bank as at 31 December 2018, and its consolidated financial performance and its consolidated cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISAs). Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the consolidated financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the Bank in accordance with the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants' Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants (IESBA Code) together with the other ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the Bank's consolidated financial statements in the United Arab Emirates, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the IESBA Code. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

 

Key audit matters

 

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in our audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the consolidated financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

 

 

Area of focus

The Bank adopted the IFRS 9: Financial Instruments from 1 January 2018, which resulted in changes in accounting policies and adjustments to amounts previously recognised in the consolidated financial statements. As permitted by transitional provisions of IFRS 9, the Bank elected not to restate the comparative figures and recorded an adjustment of AED 1.5 billion to its opening retained earnings as at 1 January 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT (continued)

 

Key audit matters (continued)

 

 

Area of focus (continued)

The Bank adopted the IFRS 9: Financial Instruments from 1 January 2018, which resulted in changes in accounting policies and adjustments to amounts previously recognised in the consolidated financial statements. As permitted by transitional provisions of IFRS 9, the Bank elected not to restate the comparative figures and recorded an adjustment of AED 1.5 billion to its opening retained earnings as at 1 January 2018.

 

The changes required to processes, systems and controls to comply with IFRS 9 were complex and significant, as the standard requires a fundamental change to the way, when Expected Credit Losses (ECL) are recognised and how these are measured. There was a risk that inadequate data as well as lack of uniformity in the data makes it difficult to develop models, which are sufficient for IFRS 9 impairment requirements. Moreover, differences between regulatory requirements for provisioning and IFRS 9 with respect to Probability of Default (PD) and Loss given Default (LGD), and also non-availability of past data and models for determining forward-looking estimates may limit the precision of credit risk systems. The Bank was also required to make a number of judgements, assumptions and estimates, which includes adopting a 'default' definition and developing PDs at origination, lifetime-PDs, and macroeconomic models with a number of scenarios and probabilities for each scenario and other post-model adjustments and management overlays. The Bank also applied proxies and practical expedients in certain situations where sufficient historical or future data is not available without undue cost or effort. There was also a risk that as at 1 January 2018 that the Bank used hindsight, especially while performing the staging assessment of loans and advances to customers.

 

The Bank's transitional disclosures to IFRS 9 are included in Note 3.6 to the consolidated financial statements.

Our audit approach

The transition to the new impairment model was prepared under an interim control environment where models went through ongoing validation during the reporting period. We therefore updated our views regarding the risk associated with the transition to IFRS 9 impairment model to be significant.

 

We updated our understanding of the Bank's adoption of IFRS 9, including identifying any new risk of material misstatement and related audit procedures. We obtained an understanding of internal controls including entity level controls adopted by the Bank for the accounting, processes and systems under the new accounting standard and evaluated the impact on related IT systems and risks arising from IT in conjunction with our IT specialists.

 

We considered the appropriateness of key technical decisions, judgments and accounting policy elections made by the Bank to ensure compliance with IFRS 9 impairment requirements. We involved our credit risk modelling specialists in the consideration of principal credit risk modelling decisions against requirements of the accounting standard and industry practice.

 

We understood and evaluated, with the assistance of our specialists, the models developed for ECL calculations, assumptions and data used by the Bank for impairment measurement, which included the evaluation of the process for reflecting forward looking macroeconomic scenarios and models for exposures arising from loan commitments and financial guarantee contracts. We re-performed certain model calculations to confirm the risk parameter outputs and ECL amounts, and found the results were appropriate.

 

We tested the recognition of post model adjustments and management overlays in the context of key model and data limitations identified by the Bank, focusing on PD and LGD used for corporate loans, challenged their rationale and recalculated where necessary. We also considered the Bank's internal controls and governance process around the calculations, the ECL methodology and approvals of post model adjustments, management overlays and output of IFRS 9 models and related transitional impact. We also considered the staging of the loans and advances to customers as at 1 January 2018, to assess whether the Bank did not improperly use hindsight.

 

 

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT (continued)

 

Key audit matters (continued)

 

 

Area of focus

The assessment of the Bank's determination of impairment allowances for loans and advances to customer requires management to make significant judgements over the staging of financial assets and measurement of the Expected Credit Loss (ECL). The audit was focused on this matter due to the materiality of the loans and advances to customers (representing 59.5% of total assets) and the complexity of the judgements, assumptions and estimates used in the ECL models.

 

The material portion of the non-retail portfolio of loans and advances is assessed individually for the significant increase in credit risk (SICR) and measurement of ECL. There is the risk that management does not capture all qualitative and quantitative reasonable and supportable forward-looking information while assessing SICR, or while assessing credit-impaired criteria for the exposure. Management bias may also be involved in manual staging override as per the Bank's policies. There is also the risk that judgements, assumptions, estimates, proxies and practical expedients implemented at the transition date, are not consistently applied throughout the reporting period or there are any unjustified movements in management overlays.

 

The measurement of ECL amounts for retail and non-retail exposures classified as Stage 1 and Stage 2 are carried out by the models with limited manual intervention, however, it is important that models (PD, LGD, EAD and macroeconomic adjustments) are valid throughout the reporting period and went through a validation process by an independent reviewer.

 

The Bank's accounting policy and credit risk management disclosures are included in Notes 3 and 42 to the consolidated financial statements.

Our audit approach

We have gained an understanding of the loan origination process, credit risk management process and the estimation process of determining impairment allowances for loans and advances to customers and tested the operating effectiveness of relevant controls within these processes.

 

On a sample basis, we selected individual loans and performed a detailed credit review and challenged the Banks's identification of SICR (Stage 2), the assessment of credit-impaired classification (Stage 3) and whether relevant impairment events had been identified in a timely manner. We challenged the assumptions underlying the impairment allowance calculation, such as estimated future cash flows, collateral valuations and estimates of recovery. We evaluated controls over approval, accuracy and completeness of impairment allowances and governance controls, including assessing key management and committee meetings that form part of the approval process for loan impairment allowances.

 

For loans not tested individually, we evaluated controls over the modelling process, including model monitoring, validation and approval. We tested controls over model outputs. We challenged key assumptions, inspected the calculation methodology and traced a sample back to source data. We evaluated key assumptions such as thresholds used to determine SICR and forward looking macroeconomic scenarios including the related weighting.

 

We tested the IT application used in the credit impairment process and verified the integrity of data used as input to the models including the transfer of data between source systems and the impairment models. We evaluated system-based and manual controls over the recognition and measurement of impairment allowances.

 

We evaluated post model adjustments and management overlays in order to assess the reasonableness of these adjustments. We further assessed the reasonableness of forward looking information incorporated into the impairment calculations by involving our specialists to challenge the multiple economic scenarios chosen and weighting applied to capture non-linear losses.

 

The bank performed an external validation of the PD and LGD models including macro-economic model during the reporting period. We considered the process of this external validation of the models and its impact on the results of the impairment estimate.

 

 

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT (continued)

 

Key audit matters (continued)

 

 

Our audit approach (continued)

Finally, we have updated our assessment of the methodology and framework designed and implemented by the Bank as to whether the impairment models outcomes and stage allocations appear reasonable and reflective of the Bank's forecasts of future economic conditions at the reporting date.

 

 

Area of focus

The valuation of the Bank's derivative book measured at fair value was a key area of audit focus due to the complexity of the valuation process and significance of the notional amounts held (AED 696 billion).

 

The Bank holds or issues derivative contracts for trading purpose, and also for hedging customers' exposures or to hedge its own books. The valuation of these instruments remains a complex area, in particular when the fair value is established using a valuation technique due to the instrument's complexity or due to the lack of availability of market-based data. Those valuations involve significant judgements over the selection of an appropriate valuation methodology and inputs used in the models.

 

When the Bank enters into derivative contracts for hedging purposes, there is the risk that qualifying criteria for hedge accounting are not met or the results of the hedge effectiveness testing are not calculated or accounted for correctly.

 

Due to the complexity of the above matters, our audit was focused on testing the valuation methodology of derivative financial instruments and ensuring the qualification of hedge accounting.

 

The Bank's accounting policy and fair value disclosures are included in Notes 3.14, 3.15, 9 and 40 to the consolidated financial statements.

Our audit approach

Our audit procedures included testing the design and operating effectiveness of relevant controls in the Bank's financial instruments valuation process and hedge accounting.

 

We also involved our valuation specialists to assess the valuation of derivatives and to review the accounting for qualifying hedging relationships including hedge designation and effectiveness assessment. For model-based valuations, we have compared observable inputs against independent sources and externally available market data to evaluate compliance with IFRS 13: Fair Value Measurement.

 

We have also assessed the adequacy of the Bank's disclosures including the accuracy of the categorisation into the fair value measurement hierarchy and adequacy of the disclosure of the valuation techniques, significant unobservable inputs, changes in estimate occurring during the period and the sensitivity to key assumptions.

 

 

Area of focus

We identified IT systems and controls over financial reporting as an area of focus because the Bank's financial accounting and reporting systems are vitally dependent on complex technology due to the extensive volume and variety of transactions which are processed daily and there is a risk that automated accounting procedures and related internal controls are not accurately designed and operating effectively. A particular area of focus related to logical access management and segregation of duties. The underlying principles are important because they ensure that changes to applications and data are appropriate, authorised and monitored. In particular, the incorporated relevant controls are essential to limit the potential for fraud and error as a result of change to an application or underlying data.

 

 

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT (continued)

 

Key audit matters (continued)

 

 

Our audit approach

Our audit approach relies on automated controls and therefore procedures were designed to test access and control over IT systems. Given the IT technical characteristics of this part of the audit, we involved our IT audit specialists. Our audit procedures included:

 

·      Update the IT understanding on applications relevant to financial reporting including Swift/FTS messaging and the infrastructure supporting these applications;

·      Test of IT general controls relevant to automated controls and computer-generated information covering access security, program changes, data centre and network operations;

·      Examine computer generated information used in financial reports from relevant applications and key controls over their report logics;

·      Assess the reliability and continuity of the information system environment;

·      Perform testing on the key automated controls on significant IT systems relevant to business processes; and

·      Perform journal entry testing as stipulated by the International Standard on Auditing.

 

Other information

 

The Board of Directors and management are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the annual report of the Bank but does not include the consolidated financial statements and our auditor's report thereon. The annual report is expected to be made available to us after the date of this auditor's report. Our opinion on the consolidated financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not and will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

 

In connection with our audit of the consolidated financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the consolidated financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

 

When we read the annual report of the Bank, if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance.

 

Responsibilities of management and those charged with governance for the consolidated financial statements

 

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards and their preparation in compliance with the applicable provisions of the UAE Federal Law No. (2) of 2015, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of consolidated financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

 

In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Bank's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Bank or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

 

The Board of Directors and Board Audit & Compliance Committee are responsible for overseeing the Bank's financial reporting process.

 

 

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT (continued)

 

Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the consolidated financial statements

 

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these consolidated financial statements.

 

As part of an audit in accordance with ISAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also:

 

·      Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.

·      Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Bank's internal control.

·      Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.

·      Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Bank's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the consolidated financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Bank to cease to continue as a going concern.

·      Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the consolidated financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the consolidated financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

·      Obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence regarding the financial information of the entities or business activities of the Bank to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements. We are responsible for the direction, supervision and performance of the group audit. We remain solely responsible for our audit opinion.

 

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

 

We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

 

From the matters communicated with the Bank's Board Audit & Compliance Committee, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

 

 

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT (continued)

 

Report on other legal and regulatory requirements

 

As required by the UAE Federal Law No. (2) of 2015, we report that:

 

·      we have obtained all the information we considered necessary for the purposes of our audit;

·      the consolidated financial statements of the Bank have been prepared and comply, in all material respects, with the applicable provisions of the UAE Federal Law No. (2) of 2015;

·      the Bank has maintained proper books of account;

·      the financial information included in the Directors' report is consistent with the Bank's books of account;

·      note 40 to the consolidated financial statements of the Bank discloses purchased or investment in shares during the financial year ended 31 December 2018;

·      note 36 to the consolidated financial statements of the Bank discloses material related party transactions, the terms under which these were conducted and principles of managing conflict of interests;

·      based on the information that has been made available to us nothing has come to our attention which causes us to believe that the Bank has contravened during the financial year ended 31 December 2018 any of the applicable provisions of the UAE Federal Law No. (2) of 2015 or of its Articles of Association which would materially affect its activities or its financial position as at 31 December 2018; and

·      note 52 to the consolidated financial statements of the Bank discloses social contributions made during the financial year ended 31 December 2018.

 

Further, as required by the Decree of the Chairman of the Abu Dhabi Accountability Authority No. (1) of 2017 pertaining to Auditing the Financial Statements of Subject Entities, we report that, based on the procedures performed and evidence obtained, nothing has come to our attention that, in all material respects, causes us to believe that during the financial year ended 31 December 2018 the Bank has not been in compliance with

 

·      its Articles of Association which had a direct effect on the determination of more than clearly inconsequential amounts and disclosures in the Bank's consolidated financial statements as at 31 December 2018; and

·      laws, resolutions and circulars organising the Bank's operations that compliance with which may be fundamental to the operating aspects of the Bank's business, to its ability to continue its business, or to avoid more than clearly inconsequential penalties.

 

Further, as required by the UAE Federal Law No. (14) of 2018, we report that we have obtained all the information and explanations we considered necessary for the purpose of our audit.

 

 

Deloitte & Touche (M.E.)

 

 

 

 

 

Mohammad Khamees Al Tah

Registration No. 717

29 January 2019

Abu Dhabi

United Arab Emirates

 

Consolidated statement of financial position

As at December 31, 2018

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

Notes

 AED'000

 

AED'000

 

USD'000

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and balances with central banks, net

5

19,589,957

 

19,997,123

 

5,333,503

Deposits and balances due from banks, net

6

19,627,076

 

11,451,956

 

5,343,609

Reverse-repo placements

7

2,203,800

 

98,578

 

600,000

Trading securities

8

60,134

 

485,301

 

16,372

Derivative financial instruments

9

4,447,247

 

3,820,364

 

1,210,794

Investment securities

10

52,362,234

 

49,191,657

 

14,255,985

Loans and advances to customers, net

11

166,425,762

 

163,282,230

 

45,310,580

Investment in associate

12

205,158

 

205,372

 

55,856

Investment properties

13

576,671

 

634,780

 

157,003

Other assets, net

14

13,349,694

 

14,875,838

 

3,634,548

Property and equipment, net

15

982,605

 

960,096

 

267,521

Total assets

 

279,830,338

 

265,003,295

 

76,185,771

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Due to banks

16

3,071,408

 

5,177,129

 

836,212

Derivative financial instruments

9

5,695,911

 

4,234,481

 

1,550,752

Deposits from customers

17

176,653,857

 

163,078,386

 

48,095,251

Euro commercial paper

18

3,279,302

 

2,909,845

 

892,813

Borrowings

19

43,027,749

 

40,555,195

 

11,714,606

Other liabilities

20

15,296,568

 

16,603,319

 

4,164,598

Total liabilities

 

247,024,795

 

232,558,355

 

67,254,232

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

21

5,198,231

 

5,198,231

 

1,415,255

Share premium

 

2,419,999

 

2,419,999

 

658,862

Other reserves

22

6,859,271

 

7,484,927

 

1,867,484

Retained earnings

 

14,328,042

 

13,341,783

 

3,900,910

Capital notes

25

4,000,000

 

4,000,000

 

1,089,028

Total equity

 

32,805,543

 

32,444,940

 

8,931,539

Total liabilities and equity

 

279,830,338

 

265,003,295

 

76,185,771

 

These consolidated financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors and authorised for issue on January 29, 2019 and signed on its behalf by:

 

 

 

 

  _____                                                                                                             _________                                                            _________                        

Eissa Al Suwaidi                                      Ala'a Eraiqat                                                 Deepak Khullar

Chairman                                                     Group Chief Executive Officer                   Group Chief Financial Officer          

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Consolidated income statement

For the year ended December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

Notes

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

USD'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

26

 

10,314,941

 

8,772,562

 

2,808,315

Interest expense

27

 

(4,202,662)

 

(3,031,135)

 

(1,144,204)

Net interest income

 

 

6,112,279

 

5,741,427

 

1,664,111

Income from Islamic financing

23

 

1,276,746

 

1,081,671

 

347,603

Islamic profit distribution

23

 

(169,901)

 

(122,040)

 

(46,257)

Net income from Islamic financing

 

 

1,106,845

 

959,631

 

301,346

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net interest and Islamic financing income

 

 

7,219,124

 

6,701,058

 

1,965,457

Net fees and commission income

28

 

1,394,576

 

1,507,042

 

379,683

Net trading income

29

 

431,805

 

353,977

 

117,562

Net losses from investment properties

13

 

(56,459)

 

(34,173)

 

(15,371)

Other operating income

30

 

192,399

 

367,420

 

52,382

Operating income

 

 

9,181,445

 

8,895,324

 

2,499,713

Operating expenses

31

 

(3,083,501)

 

(2,947,581)

 

(839,505)

Operating profit before impairment allowances

 

 

6,097,944

 

5,947,743

 

1,660,208

Impairment allowances

32

 

(1,265,787)

 

(1,673,620)

 

(344,619)

Operating profit after impairment allowances

 

 

4,832,157

 

4,274,123

 

1,315,589

Share in profit of associate

12

 

10,070

 

9,845

 

2,741

Profit before taxation

 

 

4,842,227

 

4,283,968

 

1,318,330

Overseas income tax expense

 

 

(2,373)

 

(6,360)

 

(646)

Net profit for the year

 

 

4,839,854

 

4,277,608

 

1,317,684

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share (AED/USD)

33

 

0.90

 

0.80

 

0.25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share (AED/USD)

33

 

0.90

 

0.79

 

0.25

         

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

                                                                                                                                                       

 

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income

For the year ended December 31, 2018

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 USD'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net profit for the year

 

4,839,854

 

4,277,608

 

1,317,684

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that may be re-classified subsequently

to the consolidated income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exchange difference arising on translation of foreign operations (Note 22)

 

(21,054)

 

13,546

 

(5,732)

Net movement in cash flow hedge reserve (Note 22)

 

 

41,592

 

(46,877)

 

11,323

Net movement in revaluation reserve of debt instruments measured at FVTOCI (Note 22)

 

(726,006)

 

-

 

(197,660)

Net movement in fair value of investment

securities (Note 22)

 

-

 

45,830

 

-

 

 

(705,468)

 

12,499

 

(192,069)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that may not be re-classified subsequently

to the consolidated income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net movement in revaluation reserve of equity instruments measured at FVTOCI (Note 22)

 

(92,693)

 

-

 

(25,236)

Actuarial gains on defined benefit obligation (Note 20)

 

13,157

 

2,022

 

3,582

 

 

(79,536)

 

2,022

 

(21,654)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive (loss)/income for the year

 

(785,004)

 

14,521

 

(213,723)

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

4,054,850

 

4,292,129

 

1,103,961

                                                                                                                                                   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity 

For the year ended December 31, 2018

 

 

Share capital

Share premium

Other reserves

Retained earnings

Capital notes

Total equity

 

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at January 1, 2018 (as previously reported)

5,198,231

2,419,999

7,484,927

13,341,783

4,000,000

32,444,940

Effect of change in accounting policy for IFRS 9 (Note 3.6)

-

-

149,349

(1,510,228)

-

(1,360,879)

As at January 1, 2018 (restated)

5,198,231

2,419,999

7,634,276

11,831,555

4,000,000

31,084,061

Net profit for the year

-

-

-

4,839,854

-

4,839,854

Other comprehensive (loss)/income for the year

-

-

(798,161)

13,157

-

(785,004)

Amounts transferred within equity upon disposal of  equity instruments designated at FVTOCI (Note 22)

-

-

-

1,588

-

1,588

Other movements (Note 22)

-

-

23,156

(66)

-

23,090

Dividends paid to equity holders of the Bank

-

-

-

(2,183,257)

-

(2,183,257)

Capital notes coupon paid (Note 33)

-

-

-

(174,789)

-

(174,789)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at December 31, 2018

5,198,231

2,419,999

6,859,271

14,328,042

4,000,000

32,805,543

 

As at January 1, 2017

5,198,231

2,419,999

7,437,283

11,295,372

4,000,000

30,350,885

Net profit for the year

-

-

-

4,277,608

-

4,277,608

Other comprehensive income for the year

-

-

12,499

2,022

-

14,521

Other movements (Note 22)

-

-

35,145

1,939

-

37,084

Dividends paid to equity holders of the Bank

-

-

-

(2,079,292)

-

(2,079,292)

Capital notes coupon paid (Note 33)

-

-

-

(155,866)

-

(155,866)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at December 31, 2017

5,198,231

2,419,999

7,484,927

13,341,783

4,000,000

32,444,940

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Board of Directors has proposed to pay a cash dividend representing 46% of the paid up capital (Note 21).

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of cash flows

For the year ended December 31, 2018      

 

 

2018

2017

2018

 

AED'000

AED'000

USD'000

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Profit before taxation

4,842,227

4,283,968

1,318,330

Adjustments for:

 

 

 

  Depreciation on property and equipment (Note 15)

175,927

165,114

47,897

  Gain on sale of property and equipment

-

(73,844)

-

  Net losses from investment properties (Note 13)

56,459

34,173

15,371

  Impairment allowances (Note 32)

1,483,876

1,932,526

403,996

  Share in profit of associate (Note 12)

(10,070)

(9,845)

(2,741)

  Discount unwind (Note 42.3)

(19,380)

(51,515)

(5,276)

  Net losses/(gains) from disposal of investment securities (Note 30)

10,474

(46,715)

2,852

  Interest income on investment securities

(1,663,637)

(1,208,585)

(452,937)

  Dividend income on investment securities (Note 30)

(1,722)

(1,850)

(469)

  Interest expense on borrowings and euro commercial paper    

1,437,105

1,006,264

391,262

  Net (gains)/losses from trading securities (Note 29)

(11,052)

7,785

(3,009)

  Ineffective portion of hedges - gains (Note 9)

(16,012)

(20,720)

(4,359)

  Employees' incentive plan expense (Note 24)

23,090

37,084

6,286

Cash flow from operating activities before changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

6,307,285

 

6,053,840

 

1,717,203

Increase in balances with central banks

-

(128,555)

-

Increase in due from banks

(5,075,891)

(3,200,020)

(1,381,947)

Net movement in derivative financial instruments

(86,671)

(166,985)

(23,597)

Net disposals/(purchases) of trading securities

436,219

(74,328)

118,764

Increase in loans and advances to customers

(5,724,086)

(6,685,248)

(1,558,423)

Increase in other assets, net

(393,940)

(176,596)

(107,253)

Increase/(decrease) in due to banks

473,116

(297,792)

128,809

Increase in deposits from customers

13,575,599

7,635,514

3,696,052

Increase in other liabilities

352,496

202,487

95,970

Net cash from operations

9,864,127

3,162,317

2,685,578

Overseas tax paid, net

(968)

(7,044)

(264)

Net cash from operating activities

9,863,159

3,155,273

2,685,314

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Proceeds from redemption/disposal of investment securities

25,222,247

10,406,784

6,866,934

Net purchase of investment securities

(29,504,274)

(26,267,582)

(8,032,745)

Interest received on investment securities

1,785,592

1,338,123

486,140

Dividends received on investment securities (Note 30)

1,722

1,850

469

Dividends received from associate

10,284

9,450

2,800

Net disposals of/(additions to) investment properties (Note 13)

1,650

(1,000)

449

Net proceeds from disposal of property and equipment

-

74,040

-

Net purchase of property and equipment

(198,436)

(198,721)

(54,026)

Net cash used in investing activities

(2,681,215)

(14,637,056)

(729,979)

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in euro commercial paper (Note 18)

324,195

(5,883,329)

88,264

Net increase in borrowings (Note 19)

3,003,835

1,505,267

817,816

Interest paid on borrowings and euro commercial paper

(868,623)

(744,568)

(236,489)

Dividends paid to equity holders of the Bank

(2,183,257)

(2,079,292)

(594,407)

Capital notes coupon paid (Note 33)

(174,789)

(155,866)

(47,588)

Net cash from/(used in) financing activities

101,361

(7,357,788)

27,596

 

 

 

 

Net increase /(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

7,283,305

(18,839,571)

1,982,931

 

 

 

                                    

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year

15,811,548

34,651,119

4,304,805

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year (Note 35)

23,094,853

15,811,548

6,287,736

                                                                   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

1.  Activities and areas of operations

 

Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank PJSC ("ADCB" or the "Bank") is a public joint stock company with limited liability incorporated in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). ADCB is principally engaged in the business of retail, commercial and Islamic banking and provision of other financial services through its network of forty nine branches, two branches in India, one offshore branch in Jersey, its subsidiaries and two representative offices located in London and Singapore.

 

The registered head office of ADCB is at Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank Head Office Building, Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Street, Plot C- 33, Sector E-11, P. O. Box 939, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

 

The Bank has amended its Articles of Association to ensure its compliance with the provisions of the UAE Federal Law No. 2 of 2015, which came into effect on July 1, 2015.

 

2.  Application of new and revised International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs)

 

The following new and revised IFRSs, which became effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, have been adopted in these consolidated financial statements.

 

The Group applied for the first time, IFRS 9 Financial Instruments that is required to be applied retrospectively with adjustments to be made in the opening balance of equity. As required by IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements, the nature and effect of these changes are disclosed in Note 3.6 of the consolidated financial statements.

 

In the current year, the Group has also applied the following new accounting standards and amendments to IFRSs issued by the International Accounting Standards Board ("IASB") that are mandatorily effective for an accounting period that begins on or after January 1, 2018. The application of these new accounting standards and amendments to IFRSs has not had any material impact on the amounts reported for the current and prior periods but may affect the accounting for the Group's future transactions or arrangements.

 

§ IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers

§ Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting 2018

§ Amendments to IFRS 1 First-time Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards deleting short-term exemptions for first-time adopters

§ Amendments to IFRS 2 Share-based Payment clarifying the classification and measurement of share-based payment transactions

§ Amendments to IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures about the initial application of IFRS 9

§ Amendments to permit an entity to elect to continue to apply the hedge accounting requirements in IAS 39 for a fair value hedge of the interest rate exposure of a portion of a portfolio of financial assets or financial liabilities when IFRS 9 is applied, and to extend the fair value option to certain contracts that meet the 'own use' scope exception

§ Amendments to IAS 40 Investment Property clarifying transfers of property to, or from, investment property

§ Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2014-2016 Cycle to remove short-term exemptions and clarifying certain fair value measurements

§ IFRIC 22 Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration

§ Amendments to IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures providing clarification on measuring investees at fair value through profit or loss is an investment-by-investment choice

 

Other than the above, there are no other significant IFRSs and amendments that were effective for the first time for the financial year beginning on or after January 1, 2018.

 

 

2. Application of new and revised International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) (continued)

 

Standards and Interpretations in issue but not yet effective

 

The Group has not early adopted any new and revised IFRSs that have been issued but are not yet effective.

 

 

New standards and significant amendments to standards applicable to the Group:

Effective for annual periods beginning on or after

 

IFRS 16 Leases specifies how an IFRS reporter will recognise, measure, present and disclose leases. The standard provides a single lessee accounting model, requiring lessees to recognise assets and liabilities for all leases unless the lease term is 12 months or less or the underlying asset has a low value. Lessors continue to classify leases as operating or finance, with IFRS 16's approach to lessor accounting substantially unchanged from its predecessor, IAS 17.

 

 

January 1, 2019

Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2015-2017 Cycle amending IFRS 3, IFRS 11, IAS 12 and IAS 23.

January 1, 2019

 

IFRIC 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments: The interpretation addresses the determination of taxable profit (tax loss), tax bases, unused tax losses, unused tax credits and tax rates, when there is uncertainty over income tax treatments under IAS 12. It specifically considers:

 

-      Whether tax treatments should be considered collectively;

-      Assumptions for taxation authorities' examinations;

-      The determination of taxable profit (tax loss), tax bases, unused tax losses, unused tax credits and tax rates; and

-      The effect of changes in facts and circumstances.

 

January 1, 2019

 

Amendments in IFRS 9 Financial Instruments relating to prepayment features with negative compensation. This amends the existing requirements in IFRS 9 regarding termination rights in order to allow measurement at amortised cost (or, depending on the business model, at fair value through other comprehensive income) even in the case of negative compensation payments.

 

January 1, 2019

Amendment to IAS 19 Employee Benefits: The Amendments clarify that:

 

-      on amendment, curtailment or settlement of a defined benefit plan, a company now uses updated actuarial assumptions to determine its current service cost and net interest for the period; and

-      the effect of the asset ceiling is disregarded when calculating the gain or loss on any settlement of the plan and is dealt with separately in other comprehensive income.

 

January 1, 2019

Amendments in IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures relating to long-term interests in associates and joint ventures. These amendments clarify that an entity applies IFRS 9 Financial Instruments to long-term interests in an associate or joint venture that form part of the net investment in the associate or joint venture but to which the equity method is not applied.

 

January 1, 2019

Amendments to References to the Conceptual Framework in IFRS Standards - amendments to IFRS 2, IFRS 3, IFRS 6, IFRS 14, IAS 1, IAS 8, IAS 34, IAS 37, IAS 38, IFRIC 12, IFRIC 19, IFRIC 20, IFRIC 22 and SIC-32 to update those pronouncements with regard to references to and quotes from the framework or to indicate where they refer to a different version of the Conceptual Framework.

January 1, 2020

 

 

2. Application of new and revised International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) (continued)

 

Standards and Interpretations in issue but not yet effective (continued)

 

 

New standards and significant amendments to standards applicable to the Group:

Effective for annual periods beginning on or after

Amendments to IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements and IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures (2011) relating to the treatment of the sale or contribution of assets from an investor to its associate or joint venture.

Effective date deferred indefinitely. Adoption is still permitted.

Management anticipates that these IFRSs and amendments will be adopted in the initial period when they become mandatorily effective and will have no material impact on the consolidated financial statements of the Group.

 

3.  Summary of significant accounting policies

 

3.1 Basis of preparation

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis and in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).

 

IFRSs comprise accounting standards issued by the IASB as well as Interpretations issued by the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC).

 

Certain disclosure notes have been rearranged from the Group's prior year consolidated financial statements to conform to the current year's presentation.

 

3.2 Measurement

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention except as modified by the revaluation of financial assets and liabilities at fair value through profit and loss, financial assets and liabilities at fair value through other comprehensive income and investment properties.

 

3.3 Functional and presentation currency

 

The consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented in United Arab Emirates Dirhams (AED), which is the Group's functional and presentation currency. Except as indicated, financial information presented in AED has been rounded to the nearest thousand.

 

The United States Dollar (USD) amounts in the primary financial statements are presented for the convenience of the reader only by converting the AED balances at the pegged exchange rate of 1 USD = 3.673 AED.

 

3.4 Use of estimates and judgements

 

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of the accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised and in any future periods affected.

 

Information about significant areas of estimation uncertainty and critical judgements in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the consolidated financial statements are described in Note 4.

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.5 Basis of consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements incorporate the financial statements of Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank PJSC and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as the "Group").

 

Subsidiaries

 

The consolidated financial statements incorporate the financial statements of the Bank and entities controlled by the Bank and its subsidiaries. Control is achieved when the Bank:

 

§  has power over the investee;

§  is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee; and

§  has the ability to use its power to affect its returns.

 

The Bank reassesses whether or not it controls an investee if facts and circumstances indicate that there are changes to one or more of the three elements of control listed above.

 

When a company has less than a majority of voting rights of an investee, still it has power over the investee when the voting rights are sufficient to give it the practical ability to direct the relevant activities of the investee unilaterally. The Bank considers all relevant facts and circumstances in assessing whether or not the Bank's voting rights in an investee are sufficient to give it power, including:

 

§  the size of the Bank's holding of voting rights relative to the size and dispersion of holdings of the other vote holders;

§  potential voting rights held by the Bank;

§  rights arising from other contractual arrangements; and

§  any additional facts and circumstances that indicate that the Bank has, or does not have, the current ability to direct the relevant activities at the time the decision needs to be made, including voting patterns at previous shareholders' meetings.

 

Consolidation of a subsidiary begins when the Bank obtains control over the subsidiary and ceases when the Bank loses control of the subsidiary. Income and expenses of a subsidiary acquired or disposed of during the year are included in the consolidated income statement and other comprehensive income from the date the Bank gains control until the date when the Bank ceases to control the subsidiary.

 

Profit or loss and each component of other comprehensive income are attributed to owners of the Bank and to the non-controlling interests. Total comprehensive income of the subsidiaries is attributed to the owners of the Bank and non-controlling interests even if this results in non-controlling interests having a deficit balance.

 

When necessary, adjustments are made to the consolidated financial statements of subsidiaries to align their accounting policies with the Bank's accounting policies.

 

All intragroup balances and income, expenses and cash flows resulting from intragroup transactions are eliminated in full on consolidation.

 

Changes in the Bank's ownership interests in existing subsidiaries

 

Changes in the Bank's ownership interests in subsidiaries that do not result in the Bank losing control over the subsidiaries are accounted for as equity transactions. The carrying amount of the Bank's interests is adjusted to reflect the changes in their relative interests in the subsidiaries. Any difference between the amount by which the non-controlling interests are adjusted and the fair value of the consideration paid or received is recognised directly in equity and attributed to the shareholders of the Bank.

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.5 Basis of consolidation (continued)

 

Changes in the Bank's ownership interests in existing subsidiaries (continued)

 

When the Bank loses control of a subsidiary, a gain or loss is recognised in the consolidated income statement and is calculated as the difference between (i) the aggregate of the fair value of the consideration received and the fair value of any retained interest and (ii) the previous carrying amount of the assets (including goodwill), liabilities of the subsidiary and any non-controlling interests. All amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income in relation to that subsidiary are accounted for as if the Bank had directly disposed of the related assets or liabilities of the subsidiary (i.e. reclassified to income statement or transferred to another category of equity as specified/permitted by applicable IFRSs). The fair value of any investment retained in the former subsidiary, at the date when control is lost, is regarded as the fair value on initial recognition for subsequent accounting under IFRS 9 or, when appropriate, the cost on initial recognition of an investment in an associate or joint venture.

                                     

Special Purpose Entities                                                                                                                   

 

Special purpose entities (SPEs) are entities that are created to accomplish a narrow and well-defined objective such as the securitisation of particular assets, or the execution of a specific borrowing or lending transaction. A SPE is consolidated if, based on an evaluation of the substance of its relationship with the Bank, the Bank has power over the SPE, is exposed to or has rights to variable returns from its involvement with the SPE and its ability to use its power over the SPE at inception and subsequently to affect the amount of its return, the Bank concludes that it controls the SPE.

 

The assessment of whether the Bank has control over a SPE is carried out at inception and normally no further reassessment of control is carried out in the absence of changes in the structure or terms of the SPE, or additional transactions between the Bank and the SPE except whenever there is a change in the substance of the relationship between the Bank and a SPE.

 

Funds under Management

 

The Bank manages and administers assets held in unit trusts on behalf of investors. The financial statements of these entities are not included in the consolidated financial statements except when the Bank controls the entity, as referred to above. Information about the Funds managed by the Bank is set out in Note 49.

 

Investment in associate

 

Associates are those entities in which the Group has significant influence. Significant influence is the power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of the investee but is not control or joint control over those policies.

 

Investment in associates are accounted for using the equity method and are recognised initially at cost. The cost of the investments includes transaction costs.

 

The consolidated financial statements include the Group's share of the profit or loss and other comprehensive income of investment in associate, after adjustments to align the accounting policies with those of the Group, from the date that significant influence commences until the date that significant influence ceases.

 

When the Group's share of losses exceeds its interest in an associate, the carrying amount of the investment, including any long-term interests that form part thereof, is reduced to zero, and the recognition of further losses is discontinued except to the extent that the Group has an obligation or has made payments on behalf of the investee.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.5 Basis of consolidation (continued)

 

Investment in associate (continued)

 

The carrying amount of the investment (including goodwill) is tested for impairment in accordance with IAS 36 - Impairment of Assets, as a single asset by comparing with the recoverable amount (higher of value in use and fair value less cost of disposal). Any impairment loss recognised forms part of the carrying amount of the investment. Any reversal of the impairment loss is recognised in accordance with IAS 36 to the extent that the recoverable amount of the investment subsequently increases such that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the investment in prior years.

 

The Group discontinues the use of equity method of accounting from the date when the investment ceases to be an associate or when the investment is classified as held for sale. When the Group retains an interest in the former associate and the retained interest is a financial asset, the Group measures the retained interest at fair value at that date and the fair value is regarded as its fair value on initial recognition in accordance with IFRS 9. The difference between the carrying amount of the associate at the date equity method was discontinued and the fair value of the retained interest and any proceeds from disposing of a part interest in the associate is included in the determination of the gain or loss on disposal of associate. In addition, the Group accounts for all amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income in relation of that associate on the same basis as would be required if that associate had directly disposed of the related assets or liabilities. Therefore, if a gain or loss previously recognised in other comprehensive income by that associate would be reclassified to profit or loss on the disposal of the related assets or liabilities, the Group reclassifies the gain or loss from equity to profit or loss       (as a reclassification adjustment) when the equity method is discontinued.

 

Joint arrangements

 

Joint arrangements are arrangements of which the Group has joint control, established by contracts requiring unanimous consent for decisions about the activities that significantly affect the arrangements' returns. They are classified and accounted for as follows:

 

Joint operation - when the Group has rights to the assets and obligations for the liabilities, relating to an arrangement, it accounts for each of its assets, liabilities and transactions, including its share of those held or incurred jointly, in relation to the joint operation.

 

Joint venture - when the Group has rights only to the net assets of the arrangements, it accounts for its interest using the equity method, as for associates.

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies

 

The Group has adopted IFRS 9 Financial Instruments as issued by the IASB in July 2014 with a date of transition of January 1, 2018, which resulted in changes in accounting policies and adjustments to amounts previously recognised. The Group did not early adopt any of the IFRS 9 versions in previous periods.

 

As permitted by transitional provisions of IFRS 9, the Group elected not to restate the comparative figures. All adjustments to carrying amount of financial assets and financial liabilities at the date of transitions were recognised in opening retained earnings and other reserves of the current period. The Group has also elected to continue to apply the hedge accounting requirements of IAS 39 as permitted under IFRS 9.

 

Set out below are the disclosures relating to the impact on the Group and significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9. For details of accounting policies of financial instruments under IAS 39, refer to Note 3.7 in the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies (continued)

 

Classification and measurement of financial instruments

 

The measurement category and the carrying amount of financial assets and financial liabilities in accordance with IAS 39 and IFRS 9 at January 1, 2018 are compared as follows:

 

 

Original measurement category as per IAS 39

New measurement category under IFRS 9

Original carrying amount under IAS 39

AED'000

 

 

 

Remeasurements

AED'000

New carrying

amount under IFRS 9

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and balances with central banks, net

Amortised cost

Amortised cost

19,997,123

(282)

19,996,841

Deposits and balances due from banks, net

Amortised cost

Amortised cost

11,451,956

104,862

11,556,818

Reverse-repo placements, net

Amortised cost

Amortised cost

98,578

(81)

98,497

Trading securities

FVTPL

FVTPL

485,301

-

485,301

Investment securities (*)

AFS

FVTOCI

49,191,657

(149,349)

49,191,657

Loans and advances to customers, net

Amortised cost

Amortised cost

163,282,230

(1,107,264)

162,174,966

Other assets, net

Amortised cost

Amortised cost

14,875,838

(11,039)

14,864,799

Letters of credit, guarantees and other commitments

Amortised cost

Amortised cost

53,426,571

(347,075)

53,426,571

Total

 

 

312,809,254

(1,510,228)

311,795,450

(*) impairment allowance is included in revaluation reserve of investments carried at FVTOCI and recognised in other comprehensive income.

 

Reconciliation of impairment allowance balance from IAS 39 to IFRS 9

 

The following table reconciles the prior year's closing impairment allowance measured in accordance with the IAS 39 incurred loss model to the new impairment allowance measured in accordance with the IFRS 9 expected loss model at January 1, 2018:

 

 

Impairment allowance under IAS 39

AED'000

Remeasurements

AED'000

Impairment allowance under IFRS 9

AED'000

 

 

 

 

Cash and balances with central banks, net

-

282

282

Deposits and balances due from banks, net

127,246

(104,862)

22,384

Reverse-repo placements, net

-

81

81

Investment securities

56,687

149,349

206,036

Loans and advances to customers, net

5,906,744

1,107,264

7,014,008

Other assets, net

-

11,039

11,039

Letters of credit, guarantees and other commitments

-

347,075

347,075

Total

6,090,677

1,510,228

7,600,905

 

Significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9

 

Financial assets

 

All financial assets are recognised and derecognised on settlement date basis (other than derivative contracts which are recognised and derecognised on trade date basis) where the purchase or sale of a financial asset is under a contract whose terms require delivery of the financial asset within the timeframe established by the market concerned, and are initially measured at fair value, plus transaction costs, except for those financial assets classified as at FVTPL. Settlement date is the date that the Group physically receives or transfers the assets. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets classified as at FVTPL are recognised immediately in profit or loss.

 

All recognised financial assets that are within the scope of IFRS 9 are required to be subsequently measured at amortised cost or fair value on the basis of the entity's business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial assets. Specifically:

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies (continued)

 

Significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9 (continued)

 

Financial assets (continued)

 

(i)     debt instruments that are held within a business model whose objective is to collect the contractual cash flows, and that have contractual cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding (SPPI), are subsequently measured at amortised cost;

(ii)    debt instruments that are held within a business model whose objective is both to collect the contractual cash flows and to sell the debt instruments, and that have contractual cash flows that are SPPI, are subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI);

(iii)   all other debt instruments (e.g. debt instruments managed on a fair value basis, or held for sale) and equity investments are subsequently measured at FVTPL. However, the Group may make the following irrevocable election/designation at the date of initial application of IFRS 9 or at the date of initial recognition of a financial asset on an asset-by-asset basis:

§ the Group may irrevocably elect to present subsequent changes in fair value of an equity investment that is neither held for trading nor contingent consideration recognised by an acquirer in a business combination to which IFRS 3 applies, in other comprehensive income (OCI) with dividend income recognised in profit or loss; and

§ the Group may irrevocably designate a debt instrument that meets the amortised cost or FVTOCI criteria as measured at FVTPL if doing so eliminates or significantly reduces an accounting mismatch (referred to as the fair value option).

 

The Group holds equity investments and mutual funds as strategic investments and has elected to carry these investments at FVTOCI with changes in fair value through other comprehensive income.

 

(a) Debt instruments at amortised cost or at FVTOCI

 

The Group assesses the classification and measurement of a financial asset based on the contractual cash flow characteristics of the asset and the Group's business model for managing the asset.

 

For an asset to be classified and measured at amortised cost or at FVTOCI, its contractual terms should give rise to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal outstanding (SPPI).

 

For the purpose of SPPI test, principal is the fair value of the financial asset at initial recognition. That principal amount may change over the life of the financial asset (e.g. if there are repayments of principal). Interest consists of consideration for the time value of money, for the credit risk associated with the principal amount outstanding during a particular period of time and for other basic lending risks and costs, as well as a profit margin. The SPPI assessment is made in the currency in which the financial asset is denominated.

 

Contractual cash flows that are SPPI are consistent with a basic lending arrangement. Contractual terms that introduce exposure to risks or volatility in the contractual cash flows that are unrelated to a basic lending arrangement, such as exposure to changes in equity prices or commodity prices, do not give rise to contractual cash flows that are SPPI. An originated or an acquired financial asset can be a basic lending arrangement irrespective of whether it is a loan in its legal form. An assessment of business models for managing financial assets is fundamental to the classification of a financial asset. The Group determines the business models at a level that reflects how groups of financial assets are managed together to achieve a particular business objective. The Group's business model does not depend on management's intentions for an individual instrument, therefore the business model assessment is performed at a higher level of aggregation rather than on an instrument-by-instrument basis.

 

The Group has more than one business model for managing its financial instruments which reflects how the Group manages its financial assets in order to generate cash flows. The Group's business models determine whether cash flows will result from collecting contractual cash flows, selling financial assets or both.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies (continued)

 

Significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9 (continued)

 

(a)   Debt instruments at amortised cost or at FVTOCI (continued)

 

At initial recognition of a financial asset, the Group determines whether newly recognised financial assets are part of an existing business model or whether they reflect the commencement of a new business model. The Group reassess its business models during each reporting period to determine whether the business models have changed since the preceding period.

 

Debt instruments that are subsequently measured at amortised cost or at FVTOCI are subject to impairment.

 

(b) Financial assets at FVTPL

 

Financial assets at FVTPL are:

 

(i)     assets with contractual cash flows that are not SPPI; or/and

(ii)    assets that are held in a business model other than held to collect contractual cash flows or held to collect and sell; or

(iii)   assets designated at FVTPL using the fair value option.

 

These assets are measured at fair value, with any gains/losses arising on remeasurement recognised in profit or loss.

 

(c)  Reclassifications

 

If the business model under which the Group holds financial assets changes, the financial assets affected are reclassified. The classification and measurement requirements related to the new category apply prospectively from the first day of the first reporting period following the change in business model that results in reclassifying the Group's financial assets. Changes in contractual cash flows are discussed under the accounting policy on modification and derecognition of financial assets.

 

(d) Impairment

 

The Group recognises allowances for expected credit loss (ECLs) on the following financial instruments that are not measured at FVTPL:

 

§ balances with central banks;

§ deposits and balances due from banks;

§ reverse-repo placements;

§ debt investment securities;

§ loans and advances to customers;

§ loan commitments issued; and

§ financial guarantee contracts issued.

 

No impairment loss is recognised on equity investments.

 

With the exception of purchased or originated credit impaired financial assets (which are considered separately below), ECLs are required to be measured through a loss allowance at an amount equal to:

 

§ 12-month ECL that result from those default events on the financial instrument that are possible within 12 months after the reporting date, (referred to as Stage 1); or

§ full lifetime ECL that result from all possible default events over the life of the financial instrument, (referred to as Stage 2 and Stage 3).

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies (continued)

 

Significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9 (continued)

 

(d) Impairment (continued)

 

A loss allowance for full lifetime ECL is required for a financial instrument if the credit risk on that financial instrument has increased significantly since initial recognition. For all other financial instruments, ECLs are measured at an amount equal to the 12-month ECL. More details on the determination of a significant increase in credit risk are provided in Note 3.6(h).

 

ECLs are a probability-weighted estimate of the present value of credit losses. These are measured as the present value of the difference between the cash flows due to the Group under the contract and the cash flows that the Group expects to receive arising from the weighting of multiple future economic scenarios, discounted at the asset's EIR. However, for unfunded exposures, ECL is measured as follows:

 

§ for undrawn loan commitments, the ECL is the difference between the present value of the contractual cash flows that are due to the Group if the holder of the commitment draws down the loan and the cash flows that the Group expects to receive if the loan is drawn down; and

§ for financial guarantee contracts, the ECL is the difference between the expected payments to reimburse the holder of the guaranteed debt instrument less any amounts that the Group expects to receive from the holder, the debtor or any other party.

 

Refer Note 42 for more details on measurement of ECL.

 

(e) Credit-impaired financial assets

 

A financial asset is 'credit-impaired' when one or more events that have a detrimental impact on the estimated future cash flows of the financial asset have occurred. Credit-impaired financial assets are referred to as Stage 3 assets. Evidence of credit-impairment includes observable data about the following events:

 

§ significant financial difficulty of the borrower or issuer;

§ a breach of contract such as a default or past due event;

§ for economic or contractual reasons relating to the borrower's financial difficulty, concessions given to the borrower that would not otherwise be considered;

§ the disappearance of an active market for a security because of financial difficulties; or

§ the purchase of a financial asset at a deep discount that reflects the incurred credit losses.

 

It may not be possible to identify a single discrete event - instead, the combined effect of several events may have caused financial assets to become credit-impaired. The Group assesses whether debt instruments that are financial assets measured at amortised cost or FVTOCI are credit-impaired at each reporting date. To assess if sovereign and corporate debt instruments are credit impaired, the Group considers factors such as bond yields, credit ratings and the ability of the borrower to raise funding.

 

A loan is considered credit-impaired when a concession is granted to the borrower due to a deterioration in the borrower's financial condition, unless there is evidence that as a result of granting the concession the risk of not receiving the contractual cash flows has reduced significantly and there are no other indicators of impairment. For financial assets where concessions are contemplated but not granted, the asset is deemed credit impaired when there is observable evidence of credit-impairment including meeting the definition of default. The definition of default (see below) includes unlikeliness to pay indicators and a backstop if amounts are overdue for 90 days or more.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies (continued)

 

Significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9 (continued)

 

(f)  Purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets

 

Purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets are treated differently because the asset is credit-impaired at initial recognition. For these assets, the Group recognises all changes in lifetime ECL since initial recognition as a loss allowance with any changes recognised in profit or loss. A favourable change for such assets creates an impairment gain.

 

(g) Definition of default

 

Critical to the determination of ECL is the definition of default. The definition of default is used in measuring the amount of ECL and in the determination of whether the loss allowance is based on 12-month or lifetime ECL, as default is a component of the probability of default (PD) which affects both the measurement of ECLs and the identification of a significant increase in credit risk.

 

The Group considers the following as constituting an event of default:

 

§ the borrower is past due for more than 90 days on any material credit obligation to the Group; or

§ the borrower is unlikely to pay its credit obligations to the Group in full.

 

The definition of default is appropriately tailored to reflect different characteristics of different types of assets. The decision to use cross-default is based on case by case assessment of borrower and facility conditions such as collateral and materiality of exposure.

 

When assessing if the borrower is unlikely to pay its credit obligation, the Group takes into account both qualitative and quantitative indicators. The information assessed depends on the type of the asset, for example, in corporate lending a qualitative indicator used is the breach of covenants, which is not relevant for retail lending. Quantitative indicators, such as overdue status and non-payment on another obligation of the same counterparty are key inputs in this analysis. The Group uses a variety of sources of information to assess default which are either developed internally or obtained from external sources.

 

(h) Significant increase in credit risk

 

The Group monitors all financial assets, issued loan commitments and financial guarantee contracts that are subject to the impairment requirements to assess whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition. If there has been a significant increase in credit risk, the Group will measure the loss allowance based on lifetime rather than 12-month ECL.

 

In assessing whether the credit risk on a financial instrument has increased significantly since initial recognition, the Group compares the risk of a default occurring on the financial instrument at the reporting date based on the remaining maturity of the instrument with the risk of a default occurring that was anticipated for the remaining maturity at the current reporting date when the financial instrument was first recognised. In making this assessment, the Group considers both quantitative and qualitative information that is reasonable and supportable, including historical experience and forward-looking information that is available without undue cost or effort, based on the Group's historical experience and expert credit assessment including forward-looking information. For corporate lending, forward-looking information includes the future prospects of the industries in which the Group's counterparties operate, obtained from economic expert reports, financial analysts, governmental bodies and other similar organisations, as well as consideration of various internal and external sources of actual and forecast economic information. For retail, lending forward looking information includes the same economic forecasts as corporate lending with additional forecasts of local economic indicators, particularly for regions with a concentration to certain industries, as well as internally generated information of customer payment behaviour. Refer Note 42 for more details about forward looking information and criteria used to determine significant increase in credit risk.

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies (continued)

 

Significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9 (continued)

 

(h) Significant increase in credit risk (continued)

 

Multiple economic scenarios form the basis of determining the probability of default at initial recognition and at subsequent reporting dates. Different economic scenarios will lead to a different probability of default. It is the weighting of these different scenarios that forms the basis of a weighted average probability of default that is used to determine whether credit risk has significantly increased.

 

Regardless of the analysis above, a significant increase in credit risk is presumed if a customer is more than 30 days past due in making a contractual payment.

 

The qualitative factors that indicate significant increase in credit risk are reflected in PD models on a timely basis.

 

However the Group still considers separately some qualitative factors to assess if credit risk has increased significantly. For corporate lending there is particular focus on assets that are included on a 'watch list' given an exposure is on a watch list once there is a concern that the creditworthiness of the specific counterparty has deteriorated.

 

For retail lending the Group considers credit scores and events such as unemployment, bankruptcy or death. As a back-stop when an asset becomes 30 days past due, the Group considers that a significant increase in credit risk has occurred and the asset is in stage 2 of the impairment model, i.e. the loss allowance is measured as the lifetime ECL.

 

(i)  Modification and derecognition of financial assets

 

Modification of financial assets

 

A modification of a financial asset occurs when the contractual terms governing the cash flows of a financial asset are renegotiated or otherwise modified between initial recognition and maturity of the financial asset. A modification affects the amount and/or timing of the contractual cash flows either immediately or at a future date. In addition, the introduction or adjustment of existing covenants of an existing loan would constitute a modification even if these new or adjusted covenants do not yet affect the cash flows immediately but may affect the cash flows depending on whether the covenant is or is not met (e.g. a change to the increase in the interest rate that arises when covenants are breached).

 

The Group renegotiates loans to customers in financial difficulty to maximise collection and minimise the risk of default. A loan forbearance is granted in cases where although the borrower made all reasonable efforts to pay under the original contractual terms, there is a high risk of default or default has already happened and the borrower is expected to be able to meet the revised terms. The revised terms in most of the cases include an extension of the maturity of the loan, changes to the timing of the cash flows of the loan (principal and interest repayment), reduction in the amount of cash flows due (principal and interest forgiveness) and amendments to covenants.

 

When a financial asset is modified the Group assesses whether this modification results in derecognition. In accordance with the Group's policy a modification results in derecognition when it gives rise to substantially different terms. To determine the substantially different terms the Group considers the qualitative factors (i.e. contractual cash flows after modification, change in currency or counterparty, interest rates, maturity, covenants) and a quantitative assessment (i.e. compare the present value of the remaining contractual cash flows under the original terms with the contractual cash flows under the revised terms, discounted at the original effective interest).
 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies (continued)

 

Significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9 (continued)

 

(i) Modification and derecognition of financial assets (continued)

 

In case where the financial asset is derecognised the loss allowance for ECL is remeasured at the date of derecognition to determine net carrying amount of the asset at that date. The difference between this revised carrying amount and the fair value of the new financial asset with the new terms will lead to a gain or loss on derecognition. The new financial asset will have a loss allowance measured based on 12-month ECL except in the rare occasions where the new loan is considered to be originated credit impaired. This applies only in the case where the fair value of the new loan is recognised at a significant discount to its revised par amount because there remains a high risk of default which has not been reduced by the modification. The Group monitors credit risk of modified financial assets by evaluating qualitative and quantitative information, such as if the borrower is in past due status under the new terms.

 

When the contractual terms of a financial asset are modified and the modification does not result in derecognition, the Group determines if the financial asset's credit risk has increased significantly since initial recognition by comparing the credit rating at initial recognition and the original contractual terms; with credit rating at the reporting date based on the modified terms.

 

Where a modification does not lead to derecognition the Group calculates the modification gain/loss comparing the gross carrying amount before and after the modification (excluding the ECL allowance). Then the Group measures ECL for the modified asset, where the expected cash flows arising from the modified financial asset are included in calculating the expected cash shortfalls from the original asset.

 

Derecognition of financial assets

 

The Group derecognises a financial asset only when the contractual rights to the asset's cash flows expire (including expiry arising from a modification with substantially different terms), or when the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset are transferred to another entity. If the Group neither transfers nor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership and continues to control the transferred asset, the Group recognises its retained interest in the asset and an associated liability for amounts it may have to pay. If the Group retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of a transferred financial asset, the Group continues to recognise the financial asset and also recognises a collateralised borrowing for the proceeds received.

 

On derecognition of a financial asset in its entirety, the difference between the asset's carrying amount and the sum of the consideration received and receivable and the cumulative gain/loss that had been recognised in OCI and accumulated in equity is recognised in profit or loss, with the exception of equity investment designated as measured at FVTOCI, where the cumulative gain/loss previously recognised in OCI is not subsequently reclassified to profit or loss but is transferred to retained earnings.

 

(j)  Presentation of allowance for ECL

 

Loss allowances for ECL are presented in the consolidated financial statements as follows:

 

§ for financial assets measured at amortised cost (loans and advances, balances due from central banks and other banks, reverse-repo placements and other financial assets): as a deduction from the gross carrying amount of the assets;

§ for debt instruments measured at FVTOCI: as part of revaluation reserve of  investments designated at FVTOCI  and recognised in other comprehensive income; and

§ for loan commitments and financial guarantee contracts: as a provision.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.6 Changes in accounting policies (continued)

 

Significant accounting policies introduced on adoption of IFRS 9 (continued)

 

Financial liabilities

 

Financial liabilities are classified as either financial liabilities at 'FVTPL' or 'other financial liabilities'. The classification of financial liabilities at initial recognition depends on the purpose and management's intention for which the financial liabilities were incurred and their characteristics.

 

Financial liabilities are recognised in the Group's balance sheet when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. Financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial liabilities (other than financial liabilities at FVTPL) are deducted from the fair value of the financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial liabilities at FVTPL are recognised immediately in profit or loss. If the transaction price differs from fair value at initial recognition, the Group will account for such difference as follows:

 

§ if fair value is evidenced by a quoted price in an active market for an identical liability or based on a valuation technique that uses only data from observable markets, then the difference is recognised in profit or loss on initial recognition (i.e. day 1 profit or loss);

§ in all other cases, the fair value will be adjusted to bring it in line with the transaction price (i.e. day 1 profit or loss will be deferred by including it in the initial carrying amount of the liability).

 

Financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost except for financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss. Gains and losses on financial liabilities, other than derivative instruments, designated at fair value through profit or loss are presented partially in other comprehensive income (the amount of change in fair value of the financial liability that is attributable to the changes in credit risk of that liability, which is determined as the amount that is not attributable to changes in market conditions that give rise to market risk) and partially in profit or loss (the remaining amount of change in the fair value of the liability). This is unless such a presentation would create, or enlarge, an accounting mismatch, in which case the gains or losses attributable to changes in the credit risk of the liability are also presented in the profit or loss;

 

Derecognition of financial liabilities

 

Financial liabilities are derecognised when they are extinguished (i.e. when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expires).

 

The exchange between the Group and its original lenders of debt instruments with substantially different terms, as well as substantial modifications of the terms of existing liabilities, are accounted for as an extinguishment of the original financial liability and a recognition of a new financial liability. The terms are substantially different if the discounted present value of the cash flows under the new terms, including any fees paid net of any fees received and discounted using the original effective interest rate, is at least 10% different from the discounted present value of the remaining cash flows of the original financial liability. In addition, other qualitative factors such as, currency that the instrument is denominated in, changes in the type of interest rate, new conversion features attached to the instrument and change in covenants are also taken into consideration. If an exchange of debt instruments or modification of terms is accounted for as an extinguishment, any cost or fees incurred is recognised as part of the gain or loss on extinguishment. If an exchange or modification is not accounted for as an extinguishment, any cost or fees incurred adjust the carrying amount of the liability and are amortised using EIR method over the remaining term of the modified liability.

 

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.7 Foreign currencies

 

Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group's entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (the 'functional currency'). The consolidated financial statements of the Group are presented in AED, which is the Group's functional and presentation currency.

 

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the rate of exchange prevailing at the statement of financial position date. Any resulting exchange differences are included in the consolidated income statement. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at historical exchange rates or year-end exchange rates if held at fair value, as appropriate. The resulting foreign exchange gains or losses are recognised in either consolidated income statement or consolidated other comprehensive income statement depending upon the nature of the asset or liability.

 

In the consolidated financial statements, the results and financial positions of branches and subsidiaries whose functional currency is not AED, are translated into the Group's presentation currency as follows:

 

(a)  assets and liabilities at the rate of exchange prevailing at the statement of financial position date;

(b) income and expenses at the average rates of exchange for the reporting period; and

(c)  all resulting exchange differences arising from the retranslation of opening assets and liabilities and   arising from retranslation of the result for the reporting period from the average rate to the exchange rate prevailing at the period end are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity under 'foreign currency translation reserve' (Note 22).

 

On disposal or partial disposal (i.e. of associates or jointly controlled entities not involving a change of accounting basis) of a foreign operation, exchange differences relating thereto and previously recognised in reserves are recognised in the consolidated income statement on a proportionate basis, except in the case of partial disposal (i.e. no loss of control) of a subsidiary that includes a foreign operation, where the proportionate share of accumulated exchange differences are re-attributed to non-controlling interests and are not recognised in the consolidated income statement.

 

3.8   Offsetting

 

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and reported net in the consolidated statement of financial position only when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and when the Group intends to settle either on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. Income and expenses are presented on a net basis only when permitted by the accounting standards, or for gains and losses arising from a group of similar transactions such as in the Group's trading activity.

 

The Group is party to a number of arrangements, including master netting agreements that give it the right to offset financial assets and financial liabilities but, where it does not intend to settle the amounts net or simultaneously, the assets and liabilities concerned are presented on a gross basis.

 

3.9   Sale and repurchase agreements

 

Securities sold subject to a commitment to repurchase them at a predetermined price at a specified future date (repos) are continued to be recognised in the consolidated statement of financial position and a liability is recorded in respect of the consideration received under borrowings. The difference between sale and repurchase price is treated as interest expense using the effective interest rate yield method over the life of the agreement. Assets purchased with a corresponding commitment to resell at a specified future date (reverse repos) are not recognised in the consolidated statement of financial position.  Amounts placed under these agreements are included in reverse-repo placements. The difference between purchase and resale price is treated as interest income using the effective yield method over the life of the agreement.

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.10          Securities borrowing and lending

 

Securities borrowing and lending transactions are usually secured by cash or securities advanced by the borrower. Borrowed securities are not recognised in the statement of financial position nor are lent securities derecognised. Cash collateral received or given is treated as a financial asset or liability. However, where securities borrowed are transferred to third parties, a liability for the obligation to return the securities to the stock lending counterparty is recorded. The securities borrowing and lending activity arrangements are generally entered into through repos and reverse repos.

 

3.11         Cash and cash equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, balances held with central banks, deposits and balances due from banks, due to banks, items in the course of collection from or in transmission to other banks and highly liquid assets with original maturities of less than three months from the date of acquisition, which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in their fair value, and are used by the Group in the management of its short-term commitments. Cash and cash equivalents are carried at amortised cost in the statement of financial position.

 

3.12         Amortised cost measurement

 

The amortised cost of a financial asset or liability is the amount at which the financial asset or liability is measured at initial recognition, minus principal repayments, plus or minus the cumulative amortisation using the effective interest method of any difference between the initial amount recognised and the maturity amount, minus any reduction for impairment. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments through the expected life of the financial liability, or, where appropriate, a shorter period to the net carrying amount of the financial asset or financial liability.

 

3.13         Fair value measurement

 

The Group measures its financial assets and liabilities at market price that it would receive to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date in the principal market, or in its absence in the most advantageous market for the assets or liabilities. The Group considers principal market as the market with the greatest volume and level of activity for financial assets and liabilities. 

 

The Group measures its non-financial assets at a price that take into account a market participant's ability to generate economic benefits by using the assets for their highest and best use.

 

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date in the principal, or in its absence, the most advantageous market to which the Group has access at that date under current market conditions regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. The fair value of a liability reflects its non-performance risk.

 

When applicable, the Group measures the fair value of an instrument using the quoted price in an active market for that instrument. A market is regarded as active if transactions for the asset or liability takes place with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

 

When there is no quoted price in an active market, the Group uses valuation techniques that maximise the use of relevant observable inputs and minimise the use of unobservable inputs. The chosen valuation technique incorporates all the factors that market participants would take into account into pricing a transaction.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.13 Fair value measurement (continued)

 

The best evidence of the fair value of a financial instrument at initial recognition is normally the transaction price, i.e. the fair value of the consideration given or received. If the Group determines that the fair value at initial recognition differs from the transaction price and the fair value is evidenced neither by a quoted price in an active market for an identical asset or a liability nor based on valuation technique that uses only data from observable markets, the instrument is initially measured at fair value, adjusted to defer the difference between the fair value at initial recognition and the transaction price. Subsequently, the difference is recognised in profit or loss on an appropriate basis over the life of the instrument but no later than when the valuation is supported wholly by observable market data or the transaction is closed out.

 

If an asset or a liability measured at fair value has a bid and an ask price, the Group measures assets and long positions at a bid price and liabilities and short positions at an ask price.

 

Portfolios of financial assets and financial liabilities that are exposed to market risk and credit risk that are managed by the Group on the basis of the net exposure to either the market or credit risk, are measured on the basis of a price that would be received to sell a net long position (or paid to transfer a net short position) for a particular risk exposure. Those portfolio-level adjustments are allocated to the individual assets and liabilities on the basis of the relative risk adjustment of each of the individual instruments in the portfolio.

 

Different levels of fair value hierarchy based on the inputs to valuation techniques are discussed in Note 40. The Group's policy is to recognise transfers into and transfers out of fair value hierarchy levels as of the date of the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer.

 

3.14         Derivatives

 

A derivative financial instrument is a financial contract between two parties where payments are dependent upon movements in the price of one or more underlying financial instrument, reference rate or index.

 

Derivative financial instruments are initially measured at fair value at trade date, and are subsequently re-measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period. All derivatives are carried at their fair values as assets where the fair values are positive and as liabilities where the fair values are negative. Derivative assets and liabilities arising from different transactions are only offset if the transactions are with the same counterparty, a legal right of offset exists and the parties intend to settle the cash flows on a net basis.

 

Derivative fair values are determined from quoted prices in active markets where available. Where there is no active market for an instrument, fair value is derived from prices for the derivative's components using appropriate pricing or valuation models.

 

The method of recognising fair value gains and losses depends on whether derivatives are held for trading or are designated as hedging instruments, and if the latter, the nature of the risks being hedged. All gains and losses from changes in the fair value of derivatives held for trading are recognised in the consolidated income statement under 'net gain on dealing in derivatives' (Note 29).

 

3.15         Hedge accounting

 

Derivatives designated as hedges are classified as either: (i) hedges of the change in the fair value of recognised assets or liabilities or firm commitments ('fair value hedges'); (ii) hedges of the variability in future cash flows attributable to a particular risk associated with a recognised asset or liability, or a highly probable forecast transaction that could affect future reported net income ('cash flow hedges'); or (iii) a hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation ('net investment hedges'). Hedge accounting is applied to derivatives designated in this way provided certain criteria are met.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.15 Hedge accounting (continued)

 

At the inception of a hedging relationship, to qualify for hedge accounting, the Group documents the relationship between the hedging instruments and the hedged items as well as its risk management objective and its strategy for undertaking the hedge. The Group also requires a documented assessment, both at hedge inception and on an ongoing basis, of whether or not the hedging instruments, primarily derivatives, that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting the changes attributable to the hedged risks in the fair values or cash flows of the hedged items. Interest income and expense on designated qualifying hedge instruments is included in 'Net interest income'.

 

Fair value hedges

 

Where a hedging relationship is designated as a fair value hedge, the hedged item is adjusted for the change in fair value in respect of the risk being hedged. Gains or losses on the changes in fair value of both the derivative and the hedged item attributable to hedged risk are recognised in the consolidated income statement and the carrying amount of the hedged item is adjusted accordingly. If the derivative expires, is sold, terminated, exercised, no longer meets the criteria for fair value hedge accounting or the designation is revoked, hedge accounting is discontinued. Any adjustment up to that point to the carrying value of a hedged item, for which the effective interest method is used, is amortised in the consolidated income statement as part of the recalculated effective interest rate over the period to maturity or derecognition.

 

Cash flow hedges

 

The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives and other qualifying hedging instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges is recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated under cash flow hedge reserve. The cash flow hedge reserve is adjusted to the lower of the cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument and the cumulative change in fair value of the hedged item.  The gain or loss relating to the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the consolidated income statement.

 

Amounts previously recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity are reclassified to consolidated income statement in the periods when the hedged item affects profit or loss, in the same line as the recognised hedged item. However, when the hedged forecast transaction results in the recognition of a non-financial asset or a non-financial liability, the gains and losses previously recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity are removed from equity and included in the initial measurement of the cost of the non-financial asset or non-financial liability. This transfer does not affect other comprehensive income. Furthermore, if the Group expects that some or all of the loss accumulated in other comprehensive income will not be recovered in the future, that amount is immediately reclassified to profit or loss.

 

Hedge accounting is discontinued only when the hedging relationship (or a part thereof) ceases to meet the qualifying criteria. This includes instances when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated or exercised. The discontinuation is accounted for prospectively. Any gain or loss recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity at that time remains in equity and is recognised when the forecast transaction is ultimately recognised in profit or loss. When a forecast transaction is no longer expected to occur, the gain or loss accumulated in equity is recognised immediately in profit or loss.

 

Net investment hedge

 

Hedges of net investments in foreign operations are accounted for in a similar way to cash flow hedges. A gain or loss on the effective portion of the hedging instrument is recognised in other comprehensive income and held in the net investment hedge reserve. The gain or loss relating to the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the consolidated income statement. Gains and losses accumulated in equity are reclassified from other comprehensive income and included in the consolidated income statement on the disposal of the foreign operation.

 

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.15 Hedge accounting (continued)

 

Hedge effectiveness testing

 

To qualify for hedge accounting, the Group requires that at the inception of the hedge and through its life, each hedge must be expected to be highly effective (prospective effectiveness) and demonstrate actual effectiveness (retrospective effectiveness) on an ongoing basis.

 

The documentation of each hedging relationship sets out how the effectiveness of the hedge is assessed. The method the Group adopts for assessing hedge effectiveness depends on its risk management strategy.

 

For prospective effectiveness, the hedging instrument must be expected to be highly effective in offsetting changes in fair value or cash flows attributable to the hedged risk during the period for which the hedge is designated. For actual effectiveness to be achieved, the changes in fair value or cash flows must offset each other in the range of 80 per cent to 125 per cent. Hedge ineffectiveness is recognised in the consolidated income statement.

 

Derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting

 

All gains and losses from changes in the fair values of derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognised immediately in the consolidated income statement in "net gains from dealing in derivatives" under net trading income (Note 29).

 

3.16         Treasury shares and contracts on own shares

 

Own equity instruments of the Group which are acquired by the Group or any of its subsidiaries (treasury shares) are deducted from other reserves and accounted for at weighted average cost. Consideration paid or received on the purchase, sale, issue or cancellation of the Group's own equity instruments is recognised directly in equity.

 

No gain or loss is recognised in the consolidated income statement on the purchase, sale, issue or cancellation of own equity instruments.

 

Contracts on own shares that require physical settlement of a fixed number of own shares for a fixed consideration are classified as equity and added to or deducted from equity. Contracts on own shares that require net cash settlement or provide a choice of settlement are classified as trading instruments and changes in the fair value are reported in the consolidated income statement.

 

3.17         Financial guarantees

 

Financial guarantees are contracts that require the Group to make specified payments to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because a specified party fails to meet its obligation when due in accordance with the contractual terms.

 

Financial guarantee contracts are initially recognised at their fair value, which is likely to equal the premium received on issuance. The received premium is amortised over the life of the financial guarantee. The guarantee liability (the notional amount) is subsequently recognised at the higher of this amortised amount and the present value of any expected payments (when a payment under guarantee has become probable). The premium received on these financial guarantees is included within other liabilities.

 

3.18         Acceptances

 

Acceptances arise when the Bank is under an obligation to make payments against documents drawn under letters of credit. Acceptances specify the amount of money, the date and the person to which the payment is due. After acceptance, the instrument becomes an unconditional liability (time draft) of the Bank and is therefore recognised as a financial liability in the consolidated statement of financial position with a corresponding contractual right of reimbursement from the customer recognised as a financial asset.

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.19         Collateral repossessed

 

The Bank acquires collaterals in settlement of certain loans and advances.  These collaterals are recognised at net realisable value on the date of acquisition and are classified as investment properties.  Subsequently, the fair value is determined on a periodic basis by independent professional valuers. Fair value adjustments on these collaterals are included in the consolidated income statement in the period in which these gains or losses arise.

 

3.20         Leasing

 

The determination of whether an arrangement is a lease or it contains a lease, is based on the substance of the arrangement and requires an assessment of whether the fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset.

 

Group as a lessee - Leases which do not transfer to the Group substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased items are operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the consolidated income statement on a straight line basis over the lease term. Contingent rentals payable are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

 

Group as a lessor - Leases where the Group does not transfer substantially all the risk and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as operating leases. Rental income are recognised in the consolidated income statement on a straight line basis over the lease term. Contingent rents are recognised as revenue in the period in which they are earned.

 

3.21         Investment properties

 

Investment property is property held either to earn rental income or for capital appreciation or both, but not for sale in the ordinary course of business, use in the production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes. Investment property is reflected at valuation based on fair value at the statement of financial position date. Refer Note 3.13 for policy on fair valuation.

 

The fair value is determined on a periodic basis by independent professional valuers. Fair value adjustments on investment property are included in the consolidated income statement in the period in which these gains or losses arise.

 

Investment properties under development that are being constructed or developed for future use as investment property are measured initially at cost including all direct costs attributable to the design and construction of the property including related staff costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, investment properties under development are measured at fair value. Gains and losses arising from changes in the fair value of investment property under development is included in the consolidated income statement in the period in which they arise.

 

An investment property is derecognised upon disposal or when the investment property and investment property under development are permanently withdrawn from use and no future economic benefits are expected from the disposal. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the property (calculated as the difference between net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) in included in profit or loss in the period in which the property is derecognised.

 

 

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.22         Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the asset.

 

Depreciation is charged to the consolidated income statement so as to write off the depreciable amount of property and equipment over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method. The depreciable amount is the cost of an asset less its residual value. Land is not depreciated.

 

Estimated useful lives are as follows:

 

Freehold properties

15 to 25 years

Leasehold and freehold improvements

7 to 10 years

Furniture, equipment and vehicles

3 to 5 years

Computer equipment, software and accessories

4 to 10 years

 

Changes in the expected useful life are accounted for by changing the depreciation period or method, as appropriate, and treated as changes in accounting estimates.

 

Property and equipment is derecognised on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use. Gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an asset is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset at that date and is recognised in the consolidated income statement.

 

3.23         Capital work in progress

 

Capital work in progress is stated at cost.  When the asset is ready for use, capital work in progress is transferred to the appropriate property and equipment category and depreciated in accordance with the Group's policies.

 

3.24         Intangible assets

 

An intangible asset is recognised only when its cost can be measured reliably and it is probable that the expected future economic benefits that are attributable to it will flow to the Group. Intangible assets acquired separately or in a business combination (other than goodwill) are measured on initial recognition at fair value and subsequently at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment loss.

 

The useful lives of intangible assets are assessed to be either finite or indefinite. Intangible assets with finite lives are amortised over the useful economic life. The amortisation period and the amortisation method for an intangible asset with a finite useful life are reviewed at the end of each reporting period. Changes in the expected useful life or the expected pattern of consumption of future economic benefits embodied in the asset are accounted for by changing the amortisation period or method, as appropriate, and treated as changes in accounting estimates and accounted for on a prospective basis. The amortisation expense on intangible assets with finite lives is recognised in the consolidated income statement.

 

An intangible asset is derecognised on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from use. Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset, measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset, are recognised in consolidated income statement when the asset is derecognised.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.25         Borrowing costs

 

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use.

 

All other borrowing costs are recognised in the consolidated income statement in the period in which they are incurred.

 

3.26         Business combinations and goodwill

 

The purchase method of accounting is used to account for business acquisitions by the Group. The cost of acquisition is measured at the fair value of the consideration given at the date of exchange. The acquired identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities are measured at their fair values at the date of acquisition. Any excess of the cost of acquisition over the fair value of the Group's share of the identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities acquired is recorded as goodwill. If the cost of acquisition is less than the fair value of the Group's share of the identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of the business acquired, the difference is recognised immediately in the consolidated income statement.

 

Goodwill acquired on business combination is carried at cost as established at the date of acquisition of the business less accumulated impairment losses, if any.

 

For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill is allocated to each of the Group's cash generating units that is expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination. 

 

A cash-generating unit to which goodwill has been allocated is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently when there is indication that the unit may be impaired. If the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit is less than its carrying amount, the impairment loss is allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit and then to the other assets of the unit pro rata based on the carrying amount of each asset in the unit. Any impairment loss of goodwill is recognised directly in the consolidated income statement. An impairment loss recognised for goodwill is not reversed in subsequent periods.

 

On disposal of the relevant cash-generating unit, the attributable amount of goodwill is included in the determination of the gain or loss on disposal.

 

3.27         Impairment of non-financial assets

 

At each consolidated statement of financial position date, the Group reviews the carrying amounts of its non-financial assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the assets is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Group estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs.

 

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

 

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount.  An impairment loss is recognised in the consolidated income statement, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation decrease.

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.27 Impairment of non-financial assets (continued)

 

Where an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, such that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset (cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognised in the consolidated income statement, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal of the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation increase.

 

3.28  Employee benefits

 

(i)  Employees' end of service benefits

 

(a) Defined benefit plan

 

A defined benefit plan is a post-employment benefit plan other than a defined contribution plan. The liability recognised in the statement of financial position in respect of defined benefit gratuity plans is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the end of the reporting period together with adjustments for unrecognised past-service costs. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by independent actuaries using the projected unit credit method. The present value of the defined benefit obligation is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows using interest rates of high-quality corporate bonds that are denominated in the currency in which the benefits will be paid, and that have terms to maturity approximating to the terms of the related pension obligation.

 

Past-service costs are recognised immediately in income, unless the changes to the gratuity plan are conditional on the employees remaining in service for a specified period of time (the vesting period). In this case, the past-service costs are amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.

 

Remeasurements of the net defined benefit liability, which comprise actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in other comprehensive income. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments (the effects of differences between the previous actuarial assumptions and what has actually occurred), as well as the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions.

 

The Group provides end of service benefits for its expatriate employees.  The entitlement to these benefits is based upon the employees' length of service and completion of a minimum service period.  The expected costs of these benefits are accrued over the period of employment.

 

(b) Defined contribution plan

 

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further amounts. Obligations for contributions to defined contribution pension plans are recognised as an employee benefit expense in consolidated income statement in the periods during which services are rendered by employees.

 

Pension contributions are made by the Group to the Abu Dhabi Retirement Pensions and Benefits Fund for UAE citizens in accordance with UAE Federal Law No. 7 of 1999 and to respective pension authorities for other employees including GCC Nationals as per applicable laws.

 

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.28 Employee benefits (continued)

 

(ii) Termination benefits

 

Termination benefits are recognised as an expense when the Group is committed demonstrably, without realistic possibility of withdrawal, to a formal detailed plan to either terminate employment before the normal retirement date, or to provide termination benefits as a result of an offer made to encourage voluntary redundancy. Termination benefits for voluntary redundancies are recognised if the Group has made an offer of voluntary redundancy, it is probable that the offer will be accepted, and the number of acceptances can be estimated reliably. If benefits are payable more than 12 months after the reporting date, then they are discounted to their present value.

 

(iii) Short-term employee benefits

 

Short-term employee benefit obligations are measured on an undiscounted basis and are expensed as the related service is provided. A liability is recognised for the amount expected to be paid under short-term cash bonus or profit-sharing plans if the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation to pay this amount as a result of past service provided by the employee and the obligation can be estimated reliably.

 

(iv)  Employees' incentive plan shares

 

The cost of the equity-settled share-based payments is expensed over the vesting period, based on the Group's estimate of equity instruments that will eventually vest. At the end of each reporting period, the Group revises its estimate of the number of equity instruments expected to vest. The impact of the revision of the original estimates, if any, is recognised in the consolidated income statement over the remaining vesting period, with a corresponding adjustment to the employees' incentive plan reserve.

 

Where the terms of an equity-settled award are modified, the minimum expense recognised is the expense as if the terms had not been modified. An additional expense is recognised for any modification which increases the total fair value of the share-based payment arrangement or is otherwise beneficial to the employee as measured at the date of modification.

 

Where an equity-settled award is cancelled, it is treated as if it had vested on the date of cancellation, and any expense not yet recognised for the award is recognised immediately. This includes any award where non-vesting conditions within the control of either the entity or the counterparty are not met. However, if a new award is substituted for the cancelled award, and designated as a replacement award on the date that it is granted, the cancelled and new awards are treated as if they were a modification of the original award, as described in the previous paragraph.

 

The dilutive effect of outstanding incentive plan shares is reflected in the computation of diluted earnings per share (Note 33).

 

3.29         Provisions and contingent liabilities

 

Provisions are recognised when the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Where a provision is measured using the cash flows estimated to settle the present obligation, its carrying amount is the present value of those cash flows.

 

 

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.29 Provisions and contingent liabilities (continued)

 

Provisions for onerous contracts are recognised when the expected benefits to be derived by the Group from a contract are lower than the unavoidable cost of meeting its obligation under the contract. The provision is measured at the present value of the lower of the expected cost of terminating the contract and the expected net cost of continuing with the contract. Before a provision is established, the Group recognises any impairment loss on the assets associated with that contract.

 

When some or all of the economic benefits required to settle a provision are expected to be recovered from a third party, a receivable is recognised as an asset only if it is virtually certain that reimbursement will be received and the amount of the receivable can be measured reliably.

 

Contingent liabilities, which include certain guarantees and letters of credit, are possible obligations that arise from past events whose existence will be confirmed only by the occurrence, or non-occurrence, of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the Group's control; or are present obligations that have arisen from past events but are not recognised because it is not probable that settlement will require outflow of economic benefits, or because the amount of the obligations cannot be reliably measured. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the consolidated financial statements but are disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements, unless they are remote.

 

3.30         Segment reporting

 

A segment is a distinguishable component of the Group that is engaged either in providing products or services (business segment), or in products or services within a particular economic environment (geographical segment), which is subject to risks and rewards that are different from those of other segments. Refer to Note 38 on Business Segment reporting.

 

3.31         Taxation

 

Provision is made for taxes at rates enacted or substantively enacted as at statement of financial position date on taxable profits of overseas branches and subsidiaries in accordance with the fiscal regulations of the respective countries in which the Group operates.

 

3.32         Revenue and expense recognition

 

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Group and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognised.

 

(i)    Interest income and expense

 

Interest income and expense for all financial instruments except for those classified as held for trading or those measured or designated at fair value through profit or loss (FVPTL) are recognised in 'net interest income' as 'interest income' and 'interest expense' in the profit or loss account using the effective interest method. Interest on financial instruments classified as held for trading or those measured or designated at FVTPL is recognised in 'Net gains from trading securities' under 'Net trading income'.

 

The effective interest rate (EIR) is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash flows of the financial instrument through the expected life of the financial instrument or, where appropriate, a shorter period, to the net carrying amount of the financial asset or financial liability. The future cash flows are estimated taking into account all the contractual terms of the instrument. The calculation of the EIR includes all fees and points paid or received between parties to the contract that are incremental and directly attributable to the specific lending arrangement, transaction costs, and all other premiums or discounts. For financial assets at FVTPL transaction costs are recognised in profit or loss at initial recognition.

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.32 Revenue and expense recognition (continued)

 

(ii)  Dividend income

 

Dividend income is recognised on the ex-dividend date when the Group's right to receive the payment is established.

 

(iii) Fee and commission income

 

The Group earns fee and commission income from a diverse range of services it provides to its customers. Fee income can be divided into the following two categories:

 

(a)  Fee income earned from services that are provided over a certain period of time

 

Fees earned for the provision of services over a period of time are accrued over that period. These fees include commission income and asset management, custody and other management and advisory fees.

 

Loan commitment fees for loans that are likely to be drawn down and other credit related fees are deferred (together with any incremental costs) and recognised as an adjustment to the effective interest rate on the loan. When it is unlikely that a loan will be drawn down, the loan commitment fees are recognised over the commitment period on a straight line basis.

 

(b)  Fee income from providing transaction services

 

Fees arising from negotiating or participating in the negotiation of a transaction for a third party, such as the arrangement of the acquisition of shares or other securities or the purchase or sale of businesses, are recognised on completion of the underlying transaction. Fees or components of fees that are linked to a certain performance are recognised after fulfilling the corresponding criteria.

 

3.33         Islamic financing

 

The Group engages in Shari'ah compliant Islamic banking activities through various Islamic instruments such as Murabaha, Ijara, Salam, Mudaraba, Sukuk and Wakala.

 

Murabaha financing

 

A sale contract whereby the Group sells to a customer commodities and other assets at an agreed upon profit mark up on cost. The Group purchases the assets based on a promise received from customer to buy the item purchased according to specific terms and conditions. Profit from Murabaha is quantifiable at the commencement of the transaction. Such income is recognised as it accrues over the period of the contract on effective profit rate method on the balance outstanding. 

 

Ijara financing

 

Ijara financing is an agreement whereby the Group (lessor) leases or constructs an asset based on the customer's (lessee) request and promise to lease the assets for a specific period against certain rent instalments. Ijara could end in transferring the ownership of the asset to the lessee at the end of the lease period. Also, the Group transfers substantially all the risks and rewards related to the ownership of the leased asset to the lessee. Ijara income is recognised on an effective profit rate basis over the lease term.

 

 

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (continued)

 

3.33 Islamic financing (continued)

 

Mudaraba

 

A contract between the Group and a customer, whereby one party provides the funds (Rab Al Mal) and the other party (the Mudarib) invests the funds in a project or a particular activity and any  profits generated are distributed between the parties according to the profit shares that were pre-agreed in the contract. The Mudarib would bear the loss in case of default, negligence or violation of any of the terms and conditions of the Mudaraba, otherwise, losses are borne by the Rab Al Mal. Income is recognised based on expected results adjusted for actual results on distribution by the Mudarib, whereas if the Group is the Rab Al Mal the losses are charged to the Group's consolidated income statement when incurred.

 

Salam

 

Bai Al Salam is a sale contract where the customer (seller) undertakes to deliver/supply a specified tangible asset to the Group (buyer) at mutually agreed future date(s) in exchange for an advance price fully paid on the spot by the buyer.

 

Revenue on Salam financing is recognised on the effective profit rate basis over the period of the contract, based on the Salam capital outstanding.

 

Wakala

 

An agreement between the Group and customer whereby one party (Rab Al Mal) provides a certain sum of money to an agent (Wakil), who invests it according to specific conditions in return for a certain fee (a lump sum of money or a percentage of the amount invested). The agent is obliged to guarantee the invested amount in case of default, negligence or violation of any of the terms and conditions of the Wakala. The Group may be Wakil or Rab Al Mal depending on the nature of the transaction.

 

Estimated income from Wakala is recognised on the effective profit rate basis over the period, adjusted by actual income when received. Losses are accounted for when incurred.

 

Sukuk

 

Certificates of equal value representing undivided shares in ownership of tangible assets, usufructs and services or (in the ownership of) the assets of particular projects or special investment activity. It is asset-backed trust certificates evidencing ownership of an asset or its usufruct (earnings or benefits) and complies with the principle of Shari'ah.

 

 

 

4.  Significant accounting judgements, estimates and assumptions

 

The reported results of the Group are sensitive to the accounting policies, assumptions and estimates that underlie the preparation of these consolidated financial statements. IFRS requires the management, in preparing the Group's consolidated financial statements, to select suitable accounting policies, apply them consistently and make judgements and estimates that are reasonable and prudent. In the absence of an applicable standard or interpretation, IAS 8 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors, requires management to develop and apply an accounting policy that results in relevant and reliable information in the light of the requirements and guidance in IFRS dealing with similar and related issues and the IASB's Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements. The judgements and assumptions involved in the Group's accounting policies that are considered by the Board of Directors (the "Board") to be the most important to the portrayal of its financial condition are discussed below. The use of estimates, assumptions or models that differ from those adopted by the Group would affect its reported results.

 

4.1 Critical judgments in applying the Group's accounting policies

 

The following are the critical judgments, apart from those involving estimations, that the management has made in the process of applying the Group's accounting policies and that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the consolidated financial statements:

 

Business model assessment

 

§ Classification and measurement of financial assets depends on the results of the SPPI and the business model test. The Group determines the business model at a level that reflects how groups of financial assets are managed together to achieve a particular business objective. This assessment includes judgment reflecting all relevant evidence including how the performance of the assets is evaluated and their performance measured, the risks that affect the performance of the assets and how these are managed and how the managers of the assets are compensated. The Group monitors financial assets measured at amortised cost or fair value through other comprehensive income that are derecognised prior to their maturity to understand the reason for their disposal and whether the reasons are consistent with the objective of the business for which the asset was held. Monitoring is part of the Group's continuous assessment of whether the business model for which the remaining financial assets are held continues to be appropriate and if it is not appropriate whether there has been a change in business model and so a prospective change to the classification of those assets.

 

Impairment losses

 

§ Significant increase of credit risk: ECLs are measured as an allowance equal to 12-month ECL for stage 1 assets, or lifetime ECL for stage 2 or stage 3 assets. An asset moves to stage 2 when its credit risk has increased significantly since initial recognition. IFRS 9 does not define what constitutes a significant increase in credit risk. In assessing whether the credit risk of an asset has significantly increased the Group takes into account qualitative and quantitative reasonable and supportable forward looking information.

§ Establishing groups of assets with similar credit risk characteristics: When ECLs are measured on a collective basis, the financial instruments are grouped on the basis of shared risk characteristics (e.g. instrument type, credit risk grade, collateral type, date of initial recognition, remaining term to maturity, industry, geographic location of the borrower, etc). The Group monitors the appropriateness of the credit risk characteristics on an ongoing basis to assess whether they continue to be similar. This is required in order to ensure that should credit risk characteristics change there is appropriate re-segmentation of the assets. This may result in new portfolios being created or assets moving to an existing portfolio that better reflects the similar credit risk characteristics of that group of assets. Re-segmentation of portfolios and movement between portfolios is more common when there is a significant increase in credit risk (or when that significant increase reverses) and so assets move from 12-month to lifetime ECLs, or vice versa, but it can also occur within portfolios that continue to be measured on the same basis of 12-month or lifetime ECLs but the amount of ECL changes because the credit risk of the portfolios differ.

4. Significant accounting judgements, estimates and assumptions (continued)

 

4.1 Critical judgments in applying the Group's accounting policies (continued)

 

Impairment losses (continued)

 

§ Models and assumptions used: The Group uses various models and assumptions in measuring ECL of financial assets. Judgement is applied in identifying the most appropriate model for each type of asset, as well as for determining the assumptions used in these models, including assumptions that relate to key drivers of credit risk. Refer Note 42 for more details on ECL.

 

Valuation of financial instruments

 

The best evidence of fair value is a quoted price for the instrument being measured in an actively traded market. In the event that the market for a financial instrument is not active, a valuation technique is used. The majority of valuation techniques employ only observable market data and so the reliability of the fair value measurement is high. However, certain financial instruments are valued on the basis of valuation techniques that include one or more significant market inputs that are unobservable. Valuation techniques that rely to a greater extent on unobservable inputs require a higher level of management judgement to calculate a fair value than those based wholly on observable inputs.

 

Valuation techniques used to calculate fair values are discussed in Note 40. The main assumptions and estimates which management consider when applying a model with valuation techniques are:

 

§ the likelihood and expected timing of future cash flows on the instrument. These cash flows are estimated based on the terms of the instrument, and judgement may be required when the ability of the counterparty to service the instrument in accordance with the contractual terms is in doubt. Future cash flows may be sensitive to changes in market rates;

§ selecting an appropriate discount rate for the instrument. The determination of this rate is based on an assessment of what a market participant would regard as the appropriate spread of the rate for the instrument over the appropriate risk-free rate; and

§ when applying a model with unobservable inputs, estimates are made to reflect uncertainties in fair values resulting from a lack of market data inputs, for example, as a result of illiquidity in the market. For these instruments, the fair value measurement is less reliable. Inputs into valuations based on unobservable data are inherently uncertain because there is little or no current market data available from which to determine the level at which an arm's length transaction would occur under normal business conditions. However, in most cases there is some market data available on which to base a determination of fair value, for example historical data, and the fair values of most financial instruments are based on some market observable inputs even when unobservable inputs are significant.

 

Fair valuation of investment properties

 

The fair values of investment properties is based on the highest and best use of the properties, which is their current use. The fair valuation of the investment properties is carried out by independent valuers based on models whose inputs are observable in an active market such as market conditions, market prices, future rental income, etc.

 

The fair value movements on investment properties are disclosed in more detail in Note 13.

 

 

 

4. Significant accounting judgements, estimates and assumptions (continued)

 

4.1 Critical judgments in applying the Group's accounting policies (continued)

 

Consolidation of Funds

 

The changes introduced by IFRS 10 - Consolidated Financial Statements require an investor to consolidate an investee when it controls the investee. The investor controls an investee when it is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee. The new definition of control requires the Group to exercise significant judgement on an ongoing basis to determine which entities are controlled, and therefore are required to be consolidated.

 

4.2 Key sources of estimation uncertainty

 

The following are key estimations that the management has used in the process of applying the Group's accounting policies and that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the Group's consolidated financial statements:

 

§ Establishing the number and relative weightings of forward-looking scenarios for each type of product/market and determining the forward looking information relevant to each scenario: When measuring ECL the Group uses reasonable and supportable forward looking information, which is based on assumptions for the future movement of different economic drivers and how these drivers will affect each other.

§ Probability of default (PD) constitutes a key input in measuring ECL. PD is an estimate of the likelihood of default over a given time horizon, the calculation of which includes historical data, assumptions and expectations of future conditions.

§ Loss given default (LGD) is an estimate of the loss arising on default. It is based on the difference between the contractual cash flows due and those that the lender would expect to receive, taking into account cash flows from collateral and integral credit enhancements.

 

 

5.  Cash and balances with central banks, net

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

 AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

Cash on hand

1,499,000

 

2,729,930

Balances with central banks

3,404,794

 

2,779,542

Reserves maintained with central banks

11,004,968

 

10,814,651

Certificate of deposits with UAE Central Bank

3,673,000

 

3,673,000

Reverse‐repo with Central Bank

8,423

 

-

Gross cash and balances with central banks

19,590,185

 

19,997,123

Less: Allowance for impairment (Note 42.3)

(228)

 

-

Total cash and balances with central banks, net

19,589,957

 

19,997,123

The geographical concentration is as follows:

 

 

 

Within the UAE

19,534,940

 

19,950,521

Outside the UAE

55,245

 

46,602

 

19,590,185

 

19,997,123

Less: Allowance for impairment (Note 42.3)

(228)

 

-

 

19,589,957

 

19,997,123

 

Reserves maintained with central banks represents deposit with the central banks at stipulated percentages of its demand, savings, time and other deposits. These are available for day to day operations only under certain specified conditions.

 

6.  Deposits and balances due from banks, net

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

Nostro balances

1,913,798

 

1,700,600

Margin deposits

256,474

 

18,989

Time deposits

6,888,240

 

3,808,135

Wakala placements

3,579,525

 

810,100

Loans and advances to banks

7,023,366

 

5,241,378

Gross deposits and balances due from banks

19,661,403

 

11,579,202

Less: Allowance for impairment (Note 42.3)

(34,327)

 

(127,246)

Total deposits and balances due from banks, net

19,627,076

 

11,451,956

The geographical concentration is as follows:

 

 

 

Within the UAE

8,730,693

 

3,285,682

Outside the UAE

10,930,710

 

8,293,520

 

19,661,403

 

11,579,202

Less: Allowance for impairment (Note 42.3)

(34,327)

 

(127,246)

 

19,627,076

 

11,451,956

 

The Group hedges its foreign currency time deposits for foreign currency exchange rate risk using foreign exchange swap contracts and designates these instruments as cash flow hedges. The net fair value of these swaps was AED Nil as at December 31, 2018 (December 31, 2017 - net negative fair value of AED 4,708 thousand).

 

 

 

6. Deposits and balances due from banks, net (continued)

 

The Group entered into structured financing repurchase agreements whereby loans and advances to banks were pledged and held by counterparties as collateral. The risks and rewards relating to the loans pledged remains with the Group. The loans placed as collateral are governed under collateral service agreements under International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) agreements. The following table reflects the carrying value of these loans and the associated financial liabilities:

                            

 

As at December 31, 2018

 

As at December 31, 2017

 

Carrying value of pledged loans

 

Carrying value of associated liabilities

 

 

Carrying value of pledged loans

 

 

Carrying value of associated liabilities

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase financing

-

 

-

 

412,711

 

269,677

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.  Reverse-repo placements

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

 AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

Banks and financial institutions

2,203,800

 

98,578

 

 

 

The geographical concentration is as follows:

 

 

 

 

Within the UAE

2,020,150

 

48,443

 

Outside the UAE

183,650

 

50,135

 

 

2,203,800

 

98,578

 

 

The Group enters into reverse repurchase agreements under which bonds with fair value of AED 2,271,007 thousand (December 31, 2017 - bonds with fair value of AED 99,832 thousand) and cash collateral of AED Nil (December 31, 2017 - AED 275 thousand) were received as collateral against reverse-repo placements. The risks and rewards relating to these bonds remains with the counterparties. The terms and conditions of these collaterals are governed by Global Master Repurchase Agreements (GMRA).

 

8.  Trading securities

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

Bonds

60,134

 

485,301

 

 

 

 

The geographical concentration is as follows:

 

 

 

Within the UAE

-

 

177,175

Outside the UAE

60,134

 

308,126

 

60,134

 

485,301

 

Bonds represent investments mainly in banks and public sector. The fair value of trading securities is based on quoted market prices.

 

 

9.  Derivative financial instruments

 

In the ordinary course of business the Group enters into various types of derivative transactions that are affected by variables in the underlying instruments. 

 

A derivative is a financial instrument or other contract with all three of the following characteristics:

(a)   its value changes in response to the change in a specified interest rate, financial instrument price, commodity price, foreign exchange rate, index of prices or rates, credit rating or credit index, or other variable, provided in the case of a non-financial variable that the variable is not specific to a party to the contract (sometimes called the 'underlying');

(b)  it requires no initial net investment or an initial net investment that is smaller than would be required for other types of contracts that would be expected to have a similar response to changes in market factors; and

(c)   it is settled at a future date.

 

Derivative financial instruments which the Group enters into includes forward foreign exchange contracts, interest rate futures, forward rate agreements, commodity swaps, interest rate swaps and currency and interest rate options.

 

The Group uses the following derivative financial instruments for hedging and trading purposes.

 

Forward and Futures transactions

 

Currency forwards represent commitments to purchase foreign and domestic currencies, including non-deliverable forward transactions (i.e. the transaction is net settled). Foreign currency and interest rate futures are contractual obligations to receive or pay a net amount based on changes in currency rates or interest rates or to buy or sell foreign currency or a financial instrument on a future date at a specified price established in an organised financial market. The credit risk for futures contracts is negligible as they are collateralised by cash or marketable securities and changes in the futures' contract value are settled daily with the broker. Forward rate agreements are individually negotiated interest rate futures that call for a cash settlement at a future date for the difference between a contracted rate of interest and the current market rate based on a notional principal amount.


Swap transactions

 

Currency and interest rate swaps are commitments to exchange one set of cash flows for another. Swaps result in an economic exchange of currencies or interest rates (for example: fixed rate for floating rate) or a combination of all these (for example: cross-currency interest rate swaps). No exchange of principal takes place except for certain cross currency interest rate swaps. The Group's credit risk represents the potential loss if counterparties fail to fulfill their obligation. This risk is monitored on an ongoing basis through market risk limits on exposures and credit risk assessment of counterparties using the same techniques as those of lending activities.

 
Option transactions

 

Foreign currency and interest rate options are contractual agreements under which the seller (writer) grants the purchaser (holder) the right, but not the obligation, either to buy (a call option) or sell (a put option) at or by a set date or during a set period, a specific amount of a foreign currency or a specific rate of interest or any financial instrument at a predetermined price. The seller receives a premium from the purchaser in consideration for the assumption of foreign exchange or interest rate risk. Options may be either exchange-traded or negotiated between the Group and a customer over the counter (OTC).

 

Derivative contracts can be exchange traded or OTC. The Group values exchange traded derivatives using inputs at market-clearing levels. OTC derivatives are valued using market based inputs or broker/dealer quotations.  Where models are required, the Group uses a variety of inputs, including contractual terms, market prices, market volatilities, yield curves and other reference market data.  
 

9. Derivative financial instruments (continued)

 

Fair value measurement models

 

For OTC derivatives that trade in liquid markets such as generic forwards, swaps and options, model inputs can generally be verified and model selection conforms to market practice. Certain OTC derivatives trade in less liquid markets with limited pricing information and the determination of fair value for these derivatives is inherently more difficult. Subsequent to initial recognition, the Group only updates valuation inputs when corroborated by evidence such as similar market transactions, third-party pricing services and/or broker dealer quotations or other empirical market data. In the absence of such evidence, Management's best estimates are used.

 

Derivatives held or issued for trading purposes

 

The Group's trading activities are predominantly related to offering hedging solutions to customers at competitive prices in order to enable them to transfer, modify or reduce current and expected risks. The Group also manages risk taken as a result of client transactions or initiates positions with the expectation of profiting from favourable movement in prices, rates or indices.

 

Derivatives held or issued for hedging purposes

 

The Group uses derivative financial instruments for hedging purposes as part of its asset and liability management activities in order to reduce its own exposure to fluctuations in currency and interest rates.  The Group uses forward foreign exchange contracts, cross currency interest rate swaps and interest rate swaps to hedge currency rate and interest rate risks. In all such cases, the hedging relationship and objectives including details of the hedged item and hedging instrument are formally documented and the transactions are accounted for based on the type of hedge.

 

The table below shows the positive (assets) and negative (liabilities) fair values of derivative financial instruments.

 

 

 

                           Fair values

 

 

Assets

 

Liabilities

 

Notional

 

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives held or issued for trading

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Foreign exchange derivatives

 

719,659

 

440,214

 

268,624,410

 Interest rate and cross currency swaps

 

2,548,601

 

2,516,720

 

232,645,162

 Interest rate and commodity options

 

524,402

 

593,051

 

49,190,144

 Forward rate agreements

 

9

 

303

 

1,100,000

 Futures (exchange traded)

 

56

 

275

 

1,212,100

 Commodity and energy swaps

 

107,552

 

92,133

 

3,105,642

 Swaptions

 

176,872

 

173,068

 

45,421,133

Total derivatives held or issued for trading

 

4,077,151

 

3,815,764

 

601,298,591

Derivatives held as fair value hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Interest rate and cross currency swaps

 

347,962

 

1,645,460

 

70,385,718

Derivatives held as cash flow hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate and cross currency swaps

 

17,923

 

154,190

 

5,479,207

Forward foreign exchange contracts

 

4,211

 

80,497

 

18,445,248

Total derivatives held as cash flow hedges

 

22,134

 

234,687

 

23,924,455

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total derivative financial instruments

 

4,447,247

 

5,695,911

 

695,608,764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. Derivative financial instruments (continued)

 

 

 

                           Fair values

 

 

Assets

 

Liabilities

 

Notional

 

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives held or issued for trading

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Foreign exchange derivatives

 

484,546

 

379,890

 

160,934,849

 Interest rate and cross currency swaps

 

2,225,651

 

2,313,951

 

218,983,622

 Interest rate and commodity options

 

314,164

 

333,158

 

35,840,619

 Forward rate agreements

 

159

 

163

 

1,979,419

 Futures (exchange traded)

 

1,670

 

1,267

 

22,360,899

 Commodity and energy swaps

 

256,134

 

248,041

 

4,060,914

 Swaptions

 

129,968

 

94,311

 

16,704,214

Total derivatives held or issued for trading

 

3,412,292

 

3,370,781

 

460,864,536

Derivatives held as fair value hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Interest rate and cross currency swaps

 

287,165

 

621,855

 

57,337,746

Derivatives held as cash flow hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate and cross currency swaps

 

8,753

 

217,367

 

6,492,894

Forward foreign exchange contracts

 

112,154

 

24,478

 

15,908,953

Total derivatives held as cash flow hedges

 

120,907

 

241,845

 

22,401,847

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total derivative financial instruments

 

3,820,364

 

4,234,481

 

540,604,129

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The notional amounts indicate the volume of outstanding contracts and are neither indicative of the market risk nor credit risk. Refer to Note 46 for market risk measurement and management.

 

The net hedge ineffectiveness gains/(losses) recognised in the consolidated income statement are as follows:

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Gains/(losses) on the hedged items attributable to risk hedged

978,821

 

(265,700)

(Losses)/gains on the hedging instruments

(962,809)

 

286,444

Fair value hedging ineffectiveness

16,012

 

20,744

Cash flow hedging ineffectiveness

-

 

(24)

Net hedge ineffectiveness gains

16,012

 

20,720

 

 

The table below provides the Group's forecast of net cash flows in respect of its cash flow hedges and the periods in which these cash flows are expected to impact consolidated income statement, excluding any hedging adjustment that may be applied.

 

 

 

 

Forecasted net cash

Less than 3 months

 

3 months to less than 1 year

 

1 year to less than 2 years

 

2 years to less than 5 years

 

Above 5 years

Total

flows

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

(19,388)

 

(16,314)

 

3,001

 

(8,860)

 

-

(41,561)

2017

(352)

 

90,326

 

29,292

 

(51,991)

 

(399)

66,876

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at December 31, 2018, the Group received cash collateral of AED 207,554 thousand (December 31, 2017 - AED 340,556 thousand) and bonds with fair value of AED 26,847 thousand (December 31, 2017 - AED 40,239 thousand) against positive fair value of derivative assets.

 

As at December 31, 2018, the Group placed cash collateral of AED 275,060 thousand (December 31, 2017 - AED 26,225 thousand) and bonds of AED 2,317,131 thousand (December 31, 2017 - AED 1,631,481 thousand) against the negative fair value of derivative liabilities.  These collaterals are governed by collateral service agreements under International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) agreements.

10. Investment securities

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

GCC(*)

Rest of

 

 

UAE

countries

the world

Total

 

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

As at December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

Quoted:

 

 

 

 

 Government securities

4,934,961

9,028,003

9,022,797

22,985,761

 Bonds - Public sector

6,918,084

1,019,842

4,308,028

12,245,954

 Bonds - Banks and financial institutions

3,525,733

798,208

4,009,956

8,333,897

 Bonds - Corporate

604,407

174,855

271,557

1,050,819

 Equity instruments

333

-

-

 333

 Mutual funds

68,136

-

81,767

149,903

Total quoted

16,051,654

11,020,908

17,694,105

44,766,667

Unquoted:

 

 

 

 

 Government securities

7,210,099

-

-

7,210,099

 Bonds - Banks and financial institutions

-

133,625

-

133,625

 Equity instruments

241,654

-

10,189

251,843

 Total unquoted

7,451,753

133,625

10,189

7,595,567

Total investment securities

23,503,407

11,154,533

17,704,294

52,362,234

 

As at December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

Quoted:

 

 

 

 

 Government securities

4,811,873

4,988,214

9,167,331

18,967,418

 Bonds - Public sector

5,143,005

312,498

3,186,957

8,642,460

 Bonds - Banks and financial institutions

4,150,039

933,557

4,198,707

9,282,303

 Bonds - Corporate

544,191

88,869

259,062

892,122

 Equity instruments

490

-

-

490

 Mutual funds

77,541

-

85,802

163,343

Total quoted

14,727,139

6,323,138

16,897,859

37,948,136

Unquoted:

 

 

 

 

 Government securities

10,910,384

-

-

10,910,384

 Equity instruments

319,502

-

13,635

333,137

 Total unquoted

11,229,886

-

13,635

11,243,521

Total investment securities

25,957,025

6,323,138

16,911,494

49,191,657

(*) Gulf Cooperation Council

                                              

As at December 31, 2018, the allowance for impairment on debt instruments designated at FVTOCI amounting to AED 183,435 thousand (Note 42.3) is included in revaluation reserve of investments carried at FVTOCI and recognised in other comprehensive income.

 

The Group hedges interest rate and foreign currency risks on certain fixed rate and floating rate investments through interest rate and currency swaps and designates these as fair value and cash flow hedges, respectively. The net negative fair value of these swaps at December 31, 2018 was AED 85,541 thousand (December 31, 2017 - net negative fair value AED 314,720 thousand). The hedge ineffectiveness gains and losses relating to these hedges were included in the consolidated income statement.

 

The Group entered into repurchase agreements whereby bonds were pledged and held by counterparties as collateral. The risks and rewards relating to the investments pledged remains with the Group. The bonds placed as collateral are governed under Global Master Repurchase Agreements (GMRA). The following table reflects the carrying value of these bonds and the associated financial liabilities:

 

 

As at December 31, 2018

 

As at December 31, 2017

 

Carrying value of pledged securities

 

Carrying value of associated liabilities

 

Carrying value of pledged securities

 

 

Carrying value of associated liabilities

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase financing

240,856

 

228,653

 

323,660

 

301,180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10. Investment securities (continued)

 

Further, the Group pledged investment securities with fair value amounting to AED 2,333,615 thousand (December 31, 2017 - AED 1,305,506 thousand) as collateral against margin calls. The risks and rewards on these pledged investments remains with the Group.

 

11. Loans and advances to customers, net

 

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overdrafts (retail and corporate)

 

 

5,091,419

 

4,420,471

Retail loans

 

 

26,296,282

 

30,006,710

Corporate loans

 

 

131,833,632

 

125,438,313

Credit cards

 

 

4,461,828

 

4,367,578

Other facilities

 

 

5,469,473

 

4,955,902

Gross loans and advances to customers

 

 

173,152,634

 

169,188,974

Less: Allowance for impairment (Note 42.3)

 

 

(6,726,872)

 

(5,906,744)

Total loans and advances to customers, net

 

 

166,425,762

 

163,282,230

 

For Islamic financing assets included in the above table, refer Note 23.

 

The Group hedges certain fixed rate and floating rate loans and advances to customers for interest rate risk using interest rate swaps and designates these instruments as fair value and cash flow hedges, respectively. The net negative fair value of these swaps at December 31, 2018 was AED 60,106 thousand (December 31, 2017 - net negative fair value of AED 49,785 thousand).

 

The Group entered into structured financing repurchase agreements whereby loans and advances to customers were pledged and held by counterparties as collateral. The risks and rewards relating to the loans pledged remains with the Group. The loans placed as collateral are governed under collateral service agreements under International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) agreements. The following table reflects the carrying value of these loans and the associated financial liabilities:

                          

 

As at December 31, 2018

 

As at December 31, 2017

 

Carrying value of pledged loans

 

Carrying value of associated liabilities

 

 

Carrying value of pledged loans

 

 

Carrying value of associated liabilities

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase financing

-

 

-

 

30,618

 

22,848

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Further, the Group entered into a security lending and borrowing arrangement, under which loans and advances to customers with nominal value of AED Nil (December 31, 2017 - AED 766,629 thousand) were lent against high quality bonds with nominal value of AED Nil (December 31, 2017 - AED 554,630 thousand). The risks and rewards relating to loans lent and bonds borrowed remains with respective counterparties. The arrangement is governed under the terms and conditions of Global Master Securities Lending Agreement (GMSLA).

                               

 

 

12. Investment in associate

 

Investment in associate represents the Bank's interest in an associate representing 35% equity stake in the entity. The Bank has determined that it exercises significant influence based on the representation in the management of the entity.

 

The investment in associate has been accounted in the consolidated financial statements using the equity method at the net fair value of the identifiable assets and liabilities of the associate on the date of acquisition.

 

Details of the investment in associate as at December 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

Name of associate

Ownership interest

Country of incorporation

Principal activities

Four N Property LLC

35%

UAE

Residential facilities for lower income group

 

For balances and transactions with associate, refer Note 36.

 

13. Investment properties

 

 

 

 

AED'000

As at January 1, 2017

 

 

659,776

Additions during the year

 

 

9,177

Revaluation of investment properties

 

 

(34,173)

As at January 1, 2018

 

 

634,780

Disposal during the year

 

 

(1,900)

Revaluation of investment properties

 

 

(56,209)

As at December 31, 2018

 

 

576,671

 

For the year 2018, losses from investment properties includes loss of AED 250 thousand on disposal during the year (For the year 2017: AED Nil).

 

Additions in 2017 include AED 8,177 thousand being real estate acquired on settlements of certain loans and advances. This being a non-cash transaction has not been reflected in the consolidated statement of cash flows.

 

Fair valuations

 

Valuations are carried out by registered independent valuers having an appropriate recognised professional qualification and recent experience in the location and category of the property being valued. The properties were valued during the last quarter of the year.

 

In estimating the fair values of the properties, the highest and best use of the properties is their current use.

 

The valuation methodologies considered by external valuers include:

 

§ Direct Comparable method: This method seeks to determine the value of the property from transactions of comparable properties in the vicinity applying adjustments to reflect differences to the subject property.

§ Investment method: This method is used to assess the value of the property by capitalising the net operating income of the property at an appropriate yield an investor would expect for an investment of the duration of the interest being valued.

 

All investment properties of the Group are located within the UAE.

 

 

13. Investment properties (continued)

 

Details of rental income and direct operating expenses relating to investment properties during the year are as follows:

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Rental income

41,328

 

46,250

Direct operating expenses

8,079

 

8,568

 

 

14. Other assets, net

 

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

Interest receivable

 

2,229,084

 

1,867,461

Advance tax

 

5,597

 

7,129

Prepayments

 

78,314

 

76,196

Acceptances (Note 20)

 

10,531,047

 

12,593,697

Intangible asset - Goodwill

 

18,800

 

18,800

Others

 

501,081

 

312,555

Gross other assets

 

13,363,923

 

14,875,838

Less: Allowance for impairment (Note 42.3)

 

(14,229)

 

-

Total other assets, net

 

13,349,694

 

14,875,838

 

       

 

15. Property and equipment, net

 

 

 

 Freehold properties and improvements

 Leasehold improvements

 Furniture, equipment and vehicles

 Computer equipment, software and accessories

 Capital work in progress

 

 Total 

 

 

 AED'000 

 AED'000

 AED'000

 AED'000

 AED'000

 AED'000

Cost or valuation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at January 1, 2017

 

884,325

175,731

200,663

801,480

158,665

2,220,864

Exchange difference

 

194

(1)

136

299

64

692

Additions during the year

 

-

1,884

2,562

5,844

193,877

204,167

Transfers

 

2,709

14,017

12,133

241,139

(269,998)

-

Transfer to expenses

 

-

-

-

-

(5,755)

(5,755)

Disposals during the year

 

(14,446)

(211)

(2,197)

(1,546)

-

(18,400)

As at January 1, 2018

 

872,782

191,420

213,297

1,047,216

76,853

2,401,568

Exchange difference

 

(277)

(9)

(201)

(475)

(97)

(1,059)

Additions during the year

 

-

231

436

813

198,421

199,901

Transfers

 

16,817

16,178

12,483

149,123

(194,601)

-

Transfer to expenses

 

-

-

-

-

(970)

(970)

Disposals during the year

 

-

(11)

(623)

(78)

-

(712)

As at December 31, 2018

 

889,322

207,809

225,392

1,196,599

79,606

2,598,728

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at January 1, 2017

 

377,300

132,911

162,933

621,035

-

1,294,179

Exchange difference

 

58

2

54

269

-

383

Charge for the year

 

38,603

13,275

13,433

99,803

-

165,114

Disposals during the year

 

(14,446)

(114)

(2,103)

(1,541)

-

(18,204)

As at January 1, 2018

 

401,515

146,074

174,317

719,566

-

1,441,472

Exchange difference

 

(86)

(2)

(134)

(381)

-

(603)

Charge for the year

 

36,626

12,135

14,107

113,059

-

175,927

Disposals during the year

 

-

(11)

(594)

(68)

-

(673)

As at December 31, 2018

 

438,055

158,196

187,696

832,176

-

1,616,123

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at December 31, 2018

 

451,267

49,613

37,696

364,423

79,606

982,605

As at December 31, 2017

 

471,267

45,346

38,980

327,650

76,853

960,096

 

                            

 

 

 

16. Due to banks

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Vostro balances

870,881

 

822,121

Margin deposits

200,090

 

327,814

Time deposits

2,000,437

 

4,027,194

Total due to banks

3,071,408

 

5,177,129

 

The Group hedges certain foreign currency time deposits for foreign currency and floating interest rate risks using foreign exchange and interest rate swaps and designates these swaps as either cash flow or fair value hedges. The net negative fair value of these swaps at December 31, 2018 was AED 3,008 thousand (December 31, 2017 - net positive fair value of AED 2 thousand).

 

17. Deposits from customers

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Time deposits

95,078,854

 

80,765,754

Current account deposits

54,855,845

 

55,741,567

Savings deposits

13,534,209

 

13,758,208

Murabaha deposits

11,549,497

 

11,190,454

Long term government deposits

377,014

 

397,282

Margin deposits

1,258,438

 

1,225,121

Total deposits from customers

176,653,857

 

163,078,386

 

 

 

 

For Islamic deposits (excluding Murabaha deposits) included in the above table, refer Note 23.

 

The Group hedges certain foreign currency time deposits for foreign currency and floating interest rate risks using foreign exchange and interest rate swaps and designates these swaps as either cash flow or fair value hedges. The net negative fair value of these swaps at December 31, 2018 was AED 40,044 thousand (December 31, 2017 - net positive fair value of AED 38,976 thousand).

 

18. Euro commercial paper

 

The details of euro commercial paper (ECP) issuances under the Group's ECP programme are as follows:

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

Currency

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

US dollar (USD)

 

2,338,833

 

1,159,843

Euro (EUR)

 

715,882

 

1,279,166

GB pound (GBP)

 

224,587

 

470,836

Total euro commercial paper

 

3,279,302

 

2,909,845

 

 

The Group hedges certain ECP for foreign currency exchange rate risk through foreign exchange swap contracts and designates these instruments as cash flow hedges. The net negative fair value of these hedge contracts as at December 31, 2018 was AED 34,895 thousand (December 31, 2017 - net positive fair value of AED 71,418 thousand).

 

The effective interest rate on ECPs issued ranges between negative 0.164% p.a. to positive 3.23% p.a.  (December 31, 2017 - between negative 0.35% p.a. to positive 2.11% p.a.).

 

 

18. Euro commercial paper (continued)

 

Reconciliation of ECP movement to cash flows arising from financing activities is as follows:

 

 

 

 

AED'000

As at January 1, 2017

 

 

8,728,533

Net proceeds from issuances

 

 

9,304,817

Repayments

 

 

  (15,188,146)

Other movements

 

 

64,641

As at January 1, 2018

 

 

2,909,845

Net proceeds from issuances

 

 

8,438,096

Repayments

 

 

(8,113,901)

Other movements

 

 

45,262

As at December 31, 2018

 

 

3,279,302

 

 

 

 

Net proceeds from issuances include effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. Other movements include discount amortised.

 

 

 

19. Borrowings

 

The details of borrowings as at December 31, 2018 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Within 1 year

 

1-3 years

 

3-5 years

 

Over 5 years

 

Total

Instrument

 

Currency

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Global medium term notes

 

Australian dollar (AUD)

 

649,799

 

78,613

 

723,569

 

372,866

 

1,824,847

 

 

Chinese renminbi (CNH)

 

379,195

 

130,085

 

64,709

 

-

 

573,989

 

 

Euro (EUR)

 

167,632

 

219,047

 

-

 

83,532

 

470,211

 

 

Swiss franc (CHF)

 

-

 

298,691

 

648,917

 

373,533

 

1,321,141

 

 

Japanese yen (JPY)

 

50,092

 

83,592

 

-

 

-

 

133,684

 

 

Hong Kong dollar (HKD)

 

-

 

297,650

 

179,361

 

71,798

 

548,809

 

 

US dollar (USD)

 

5,308,791

 

3,772,456

 

3,137,192

 

11,479,505

 

23,697,944

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,555,509

 

4,880,134

 

4,753,748

 

12,381,234

 

28,570,625

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bilateral loans - floating rate

 

US dollar (USD)

 

-  

 

4,947,819

 

1,237,915

 

-

 

6,185,734

Syndicated loan - floating rate

 

US dollar (USD)

 

2,201,050

 

734,600

 

-

 

-

 

2,935,650

Certificate of deposits issued

 

Great Britain pound (GBP)

 

163,944

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

163,944

 

 

Indian rupee (INR)

 

312,804

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

312,804

 

 

US dollar (USD)

 

1,872,803

 

97,713

 

-

 

-

 

1,970,516

Subordinated notes - fixed rate

 

US dollar (USD)

 

-

 

-

 

2,659,823

 

-

 

2,659,823

Borrowings through repurchase agreements

 

US dollar (USD)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

202,333

 

202,333

 

 

Indian rupee (INR)

 

26,320

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

26,320

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,132,430

 

10,660,266

 

8,651,486

 

12,583,567

 

43,027,749

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Group hedges certain borrowings for foreign currency exchange rate risk and interest rate risk using either interest rate or cross currency swaps and designates these swaps as either fair value or cash flow hedges. The net negative fair value of these swaps as at December 31, 2018 was AED 1,286,457 thousand.

 

 

19. Borrowings (continued)

 

The details of borrowings as at December 31, 2017 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Within 1 year

 

1-3 years

 

3-5 years

 

Over 5 years

 

Total

Instrument

 

Currency

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Global medium term notes

 

Australian dollar (AUD)

 

                     -  

 

726,523

 

887,069

 

427,269

 

2,040,861

 

 

Chinese renminbi (CNH)

 

                     -  

 

393,335

 

-

 

                     -  

 

393,335

 

 

Euro (EUR)

 

                     -  

 

229,550

 

-

 

87,677

 

317,227

 

 

Swiss franc (CHF)

 

                     -  

 

-

 

301,908

 

                     -  

 

301,908

 

 

Japanese yen (JPY)

 

                     -  

 

48,973

 

-

 

                     -  

 

48,973

 

 

Hong Kong dollar (HKD)

 

                     -  

 

149,837

 

225,346

 

178,076

 

553,259

 

 

US dollar (USD)

 

2,753,878

 

8,503,789

 

146,833

 

8,968,534

 

20,373,034

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,753,878

 

10,052,007

 

1,561,156

 

9,661,556

 

24,028,597

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bilateral loans - floating rate

 

US dollar (USD)

 

1,285,550

 

2,746,000

 

-

 

                     -  

 

4,031,550

Syndicated loan - floating rate

 

US dollar (USD)

 

734,081

 

2,932,211

 

-

 

                     -  

 

3,666,292

Certificate of deposits issued

 

Indian rupee (INR)

 

283,304

 

-

 

-

 

                     -  

 

283,304

 

 

US dollar (USD)

 

1,852,189

 

1,934,096

 

-

 

                     -  

 

3,786,285

Subordinated notes - fixed rate

 

US dollar (USD)

 

                     -  

 

-

 

-

 

3,786,625

 

3,786,625

 

 

Swiss franc (CHF)

 

                     -  

 

-

 

-

 

378,837

 

378,837

Borrowings through repurchase agreements

 

US dollar (USD)

 

305,030

 

-

 

-

 

202,333

 

507,363

 

 

Indian rupee (INR)

 

86,342

 

-

 

-

 

                     -  

 

86,342

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,300,374

 

17,664,314

 

1,561,156

 

14,029,351

 

40,555,195

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Group hedges certain borrowings for foreign currency exchange rate risk and interest rate risk using either interest rate or cross currency swaps and designates these swaps as either fair value or cash flow hedges. The net negative fair value of these swaps as at December 31, 2017 was AED 196,811 thousand.

 

 

 

19. Borrowings (continued)

 

Interests are payable in arrears and the contractual coupon rates as at December 31, 2018 are as follows: 

 

Instrument

CCY

Within 1 year

1-3 years

3-5 years

Over 5 years

 

Global medium term notes

 

AUD

 

Fixed rate of 4.75% p.a.

 

Fixed rate of 3.73% p.a.

 

Fixed rate between 3.75% p.a. to 3.92% p.a. and quarterly coupons with 138 basis points over bank bill swap rate (BBSW)

 

Fixed rate of 4.50% p.a.

 

CNH

Fixed rate between 3.85% p.a. to 4.50% p.a.

Fixed rate between 4.85% p.a. to 5.02% p.a.

Fixed rate of 4.82% p.a.

-

 

EUR

Quarterly coupons of 46 basis points over Euribor

Quarterly coupons between 50 to 59 basis points over Euribor

-

Fixed rate of 0.75% p.a.

 

CHF

-

-

Fixed rate of 0.385% p.a.

Fixed rate of 0.735% p.a.

 

JPY

Fixed rate of 0.68% p.a.

Fixed rate of 0.45% p.a.

-

-

 

HKD

-

Fixed rate between 2.30% p.a. to 2.86% p.a.

Fixed rate between 2.84% p.a. to 3.20% p.a.

Fixed rate of 2.87% p.a.

 

USD

Fixed rate between 2.75% p.a. to 3.00% p.a. and quarterly coupons between 50 to 61 basis points over Libor

Fixed rate of 2.625% p.a. and quarterly coupons between 63 to 90 basis points over Libor

Fixed rate of 4.00% p.a. and quarterly coupons between 88 to 115 basis points over Libor

Fixed rate between 4.30% p.a. to 5.765% p.a. and quarterly coupons of 140 basis points over Libor (*)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bilateral loans - floating rate

USD

-

Monthly coupons between 60 to 85 basis points over Libor and quarterly coupons with 60 basis points over Libor

Monthly coupons of 95 basis points over Libor 

-

Syndicated loan - floating rate

USD

Quarterly coupons of 95 basis points over Libor

Monthly coupons of 73 basis points over Libor

-

-

Certificate of deposits issued

INR

Fixed rate between 7.30% p.a. to 7.90% p.a.

-

-

-

 

USD

Quarterly coupons with 114 basis points over Libor

Fixed rate between 2.41 % p.a. to 2.48 % p.a.  

-

-

Subordinated notes - fixed rate

USD

-

-

Fixed rate of 4.50% p.a.

-

Borrowings through repurchase agreements

USD

-

-

-

Semi-annual coupons between negative 20 to negative 18 basis points over Libor

 

INR

Fixed rate of 6.59 % p.a.

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(*) includes AED 10,749,924 thousand 30 year accreting notes with yield ranging between 4.30% p.a. to 5.765% p.a. and are callable at the end of every 5th, 6th, 7th or 10th year from issue date.

 

19. Borrowings (continued)

 

The subordinated fixed rate note qualifies as Tier 2 capital and is eligible for grandfathering at the rate of 10% per annum in accordance with capital guidance issued by the UAE Central Bank. Further, the subordinated fixed rate note has entered its five years to maturity and is being amortised at the rate of 20% per annum till its maturity in 2023 (Note 51).

 

Reconciliation of borrowings movement to cash flows arising from financing activities is as follows:

 

 

 

 

AED'000

As at January 1, 2017

 

 

38,015,030

Net proceeds from issuances

 

 

19,789,726

Repayments

 

 

(18,284,459)

Other movements

 

 

1,034,898

As at January 1, 2018

 

 

40,555,195

Net proceeds from issuances

 

 

20,109,045

Repayments

 

 

(17,105,210)

Other movements

 

 

(531,281)

As at December 31, 2018

 

 

43,027,749

 

Net proceeds from issuances include effects of changes in foreign exchange rates on borrowings. Other movements include interest capitalised on accreting notes, discount on issuances amortised and fair value hedges.

 

20. Other liabilities

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Interest payable

 

1,409,503

 

1,015,277

Recognised liability for defined benefit obligation

 

487,995

 

453,866

Accounts payable and other creditors

 

215,558

 

249,627

Deferred income

 

672,303

 

631,168

Acceptances (Note 14)

 

10,531,047

 

12,593,697

Impairment allowance on letters of credit, guarantees and

other commitments (Note 42.3)

 

349,752

 

-

Others (*)

 

1,630,410

 

1,659,684

Total other liabilities

 

15,296,568

 

16,603,319

(*) includes AED Nil against trading securities short sold which are carried at FVTPL (December 31, 2017: AED 77,075 thousand).

 

Defined benefit obligation

 

The Group provides gratuity benefits to its eligible employees in UAE. The most recent actuarial valuations of the present value of the defined benefit obligation were carried out in the last quarter of 2018 by a registered actuary in the UAE. The present value of the defined benefit obligation and the related current and past service cost, were measured using the Projected Unit Credit Method.

 

Key assumptions used in the actuarial valuation are as follows:

 

Discount rate: 4.00% p.a.

Salary increment rate: 3.00% p.a.

 

Demographic assumptions for mortality and retirement were used in valuing the liabilities and benefits under the plan.

 

 

 

20. Other liabilities (continued)

 

Defined benefit obligation (continued)

 

The liability would be higher by AED 13,640 thousand had the discount rate used in the assumption been lower by 0.50% and the liability would be lower by AED 12,886 thousand had the discount rate used in the assumption been higher by 0.50%. Similarly, the liability would be higher by AED 13,319 thousand had the salary increment rate used in the assumption been higher by 0.50% and the liability would be lower by AED 12,699 thousand had the salary increment rate used in the assumption been lower by 0.50%.

 

The movement in defined benefit obligation is as follows:

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Opening balance

 

453,866

 

421,275

Net charge during the year(*)

 

80,097

 

56,029

Actuarial gains on defined benefit obligation

 

(13,157)

 

(2,022)

Benefits paid

 

(32,811)

 

(21,416)

Closing balance

 

487,995

 

453,866

(*) recognised under "staff costs" in the consolidated income statement

 

Defined benefit contribution

 

Under defined contribution plans, the Group pays contributions to Abu Dhabi Retirement Pensions and Benefits Fund for UAE National employees and to respective pension funds for other employees including GCC Nationals. The charge for the year in respect of these contributions is AED 35,404 thousand (2017 - AED 32,769 thousand). As at December 31, 2018, pension payable of AED 4,073 thousand has been classified under 'other liabilities - others' (December 31, 2017 - AED 3,764 thousand).

 

21. Share capital

 

 

Authorised

   Issued and fully paid

 

 

2018

2017

 

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

 

Ordinary shares of AED 1 each

10,000,000

5,198,231

5,198,231

 

                       

                     

                    

 

In 2017, the Bank's Articles of Association were amended and as per the new articles, the authorised share capital of the Bank has been increased to AED 10,000,000 thousand comprising of 10,000,000 thousand shares having a nominal value of AED 1 per share.

 

As at December 31, 2018, Abu Dhabi Investment Council held 62.523% (December 31, 2017 - 62.523%) of the Bank's issued and fully paid up share capital.

 

Dividends

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Board of Directors has proposed to pay a cash dividend of
AED 2,391,186
 thousand, being AED 0.46 dividend per share and representing 46% of the paid up capital (December 31, 2017 - AED 2,183,257 thousand, being AED 0.42 dividend per share and representing 42% of the paid up capital). This is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the Annual General Meeting.

 

22. Other reserves

 

Reserves movement for the year ended December 31, 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revaluation

 

 

Employees'

 

 

 

 

Foreign

 

reserve of

 

 

incentive

 

 

 

 

currency

Cash flow

investments

 

 

 plan

Statutory

Legal

General

Contingency

translation

hedge

designated at

 

 

shares, net

reserve

reserve

reserve

reserve

reserve

reserve

FVTOCI (*)

Total

 

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

AED'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at January 1, 2018 (as previously reported)

(64,914)

2,797,799

2,797,799

2,000,000

150,000

(65,195)

(190,370)

59,808

7,484,927

Effect of change in accounting policy for IFRS 9 (Note 3.6)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

149,349

149,349

As at January 1, 2018 (restated)

(64,914)

2,797,799

2,797,799

2,000,000

150,000

(65,195)

(190,370)

209,157

7,634,276

Exchange difference arising on translation of foreign

operations

-

-

-

-

-

(21,054)

-

-

(21,054)

Net fair value changes on cash flow hedges

-

-

-

-

-

-

(91,613)

-

(91,613)

Net fair value changes on cash flow hedges reclassified to consolidated income statement

-

-

-

-

-

-

133,205

-

133,205

Net fair value changes of debt instruments designated at FVTOCI

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(713,879)

(713,879)

Amounts reclassified to consolidated income statement for debt instruments designated at FVTOCI (**)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(12,127)

(12,127)

Net fair value changes of equity instruments designated at FVTOCI

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(91,105)

(91,105)

Amounts transferred within equity upon disposal of equity instruments designated at FVTOCI

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1,588)

(1,588)

Total other comprehensive (loss)/gain for the year

-

-

-

-

-

(21,054)

41,592

(818,699)

(798,161)

Fair value adjustments

66

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

66

Shares - vested portion (Note 24)

23,090

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23,090

As at December 31, 2018

(41,758)

2,797,799

2,797,799

2,000,000

150,000

(86,249)

(148,778)

(609,542)

6,859,271

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As at January 1, 2017

(100,059)

2,797,799

2,797,799

2,000,000

150,000

(78,741)

(143,493)

13,978

7,437,283

Exchange difference arising on translation of foreign

operations

-

-

-

-

-

13,546

-

-

13,546

Net fair value changes on cash flow hedges

-

-

-

-

-

-

320,765

-

320,765

Net fair value changes reclassified to consolidated income statement

-

-

-

-

-

-

(367,642)

-

(367,642)

Net fair value changes on available-for-sale investments

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

92,545

92,545

Net fair value changes released to consolidated income statement on disposal of available-for-sale investments

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(46,715)

(46,715)

Total other comprehensive gain/(loss) for the year

-

-

-

-

-

13,546

(46,877)

45,830

12,499

Fair value adjustments

(1,939)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1,939)

Shares - vested portion (Note 24)

37,084

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37,084

As at December 31, 2017

(64,914)

2,797,799

2,797,799

2,000,000

150,000

(65,195)

(190,370)

59,808

7,484,927

(*) termed as cumulative changes in fair value in prior year.

(**) includes allowance for impairment.

For more information on reserves refer Note 51.

 

23. Islamic financing

 

  Islamic financing assets

 

2018

 

                  2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Murabaha

3,633,709

 

3,453,938

Ijara financing

11,436,508

 

11,452,962

Salam

6,596,310

 

7,044,886

Others

234,908

 

150,381

Gross Islamic financing assets

21,901,435

 

22,102,167

Less: Allowance for impairment

(568,667)

 

(434,002)

Net Islamic financing assets

21,332,768

 

21,668,165

 

  Gross Ijara and related present value of the minimum Ijara payments

 

2018

 

                  2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Not later than one year

2,053,800

 

1,078,293

Later than one year but not later than five years

5,446,449

 

5,598,134

Later than five years

6,981,305

 

7,271,664

Gross Ijara

14,481,554

 

13,948,091

Less: Deferred income

(3,045,046)

 

(2,495,129)

Net Ijara

11,436,508

 

11,452,962

Net present value

 

 

 

Not later than one year

1,622,121

 

885,400

Later than one year but not later than five years

4,301,684

 

4,596,702

Later than five years

5,512,703

 

5,970,860

Total net present value

11,436,508

 

11,452,962

 

  Income from Islamic financing

 

2018

 

                  2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Murabaha

202,823

 

128,322

Ijara financing

602,533

 

465,743

Salam

455,829

 

479,055

Others

15,561

 

8,551

Total income from Islamic financing

1,276,746

 

1,081,671

 

  Islamic deposits

 

2018

 

                  2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Current account deposits

4,282,450

 

4,751,338

Margin deposits

75,248

 

61,028

Mudaraba savings deposits

6,732,645

 

6,530,040

Mudaraba term deposits

621,365

 

882,892

Wakala deposits

5,228,283

 

2,498,714

Total Islamic deposits

16,939,991

 

14,724,012

 

  Islamic profit distribution

 

2018

 

                  2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Mudaraba savings and term deposits

66,960

 

64,435

Wakala deposits

102,941

 

57,605

Total Islamic profit distribution

169,901

 

122,040

 

 

 

24. Employees' incentive plan shares, net

 

The Group operates Deferred Compensation Plan (the "Plan") to recognise and retain good performing employees. Under the Plan, the employees are granted shares of the Bank when they meet the vesting conditions at a price prevailing at the grant date. These shares are acquired and held by a subsidiary of the Bank until vesting conditions are met. The Group's Nomination, Compensation and HR Committee determines and approves the shares to be granted to employees based on the Group's key performance indicators.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Group had three incentive plans in force as described below:

 

Grant date

January 1, 2017

January 1, 2017

  January 1, 2016

Number of shares granted

2,675,000

2,845,312

2,075,000

Fair value of the granted shares at the grant date in AED thousand

 

 

18,458

           

 

19,633

                     

13,674

Vesting date

  December 31, 2020

  December 31, 2019

  December 31, 2019

 

Vesting conditions - Three/four years' service from the grant date or meeting special conditions during the vesting period (death, disability, retirement, termination or achieving the budgeted performance).

 

The movement of plan shares is as follows:       

 

 

2018

 

2017

Opening balance

 

9,614,022

 

9,067,135

Shares granted during the year

 

-

 

5,520,312

Exercised during the year

 

(3,921,450)

 

(4,724,993)

Forfeited during the year

 

(508,414)

 

(248,432)

Closing balance

 

5,184,158

 

9,614,022

 

 

 

 

 

Amount of "Plan" cost recognised under "staff costs" in the consolidated income statement (AED '000)

 

23,090

 

37,084

              

Total number of un-allotted shares under the Plan as at December 31, 2018 were 3,851,658 shares (December 31, 2017 - 3,343,244 shares). These un-allotted shares include forfeited shares and shares purchased for future awards.

 

25. Capital notes

 

In February 2009, the Department of Finance, Government of Abu Dhabi subscribed to ADCB's Tier I regulatory capital notes with a principal amount of AED 4,000,000 thousand (the "Notes").

 

The Notes are non-voting, non-cumulative perpetual securities for which there is no fixed redemption date. Redemption is only at the option of the Bank. The Notes are direct, unsecured, subordinated obligations of the Bank and rank pari passu without any preference among themselves and the rights and claims of the Note holders will be subordinated to the claims of Senior Creditors. The Notes bore interest at the rate of 6% per annum payable semi-annually until February 2014, and bear a floating interest rate of six month Eibor plus 2.3% per annum thereafter. However the Bank may at its sole discretion elect not to make a coupon payment. The Note holders do not have a right to claim the coupon and an election by the Bank not to service the coupon is not considered an event of default. In addition, there are certain circumstances ("non-payment event") under which the Bank is prohibited from making a coupon payment on a relevant coupon payment date.  
 

25. Capital notes (continued)

 

If the Bank makes a non-payment election or a non-payment event occurs, then the Bank will not (a) declare or pay any distribution or dividend or (b) redeem, purchase, cancel, reduce or otherwise acquire any of the share capital or any securities of the Bank ranking pari passu with or junior to the Notes except securities, the term of which stipulate a mandatory redemption or conversion into equity, in each case unless or until two consecutive coupon payments have been paid in full.

 

26. Interest income

 

 

 2018

 

2017

 

        AED'000

 

AED'000

Loans and advances to banks

561,889

 

440,271

Loans and advances to customers

8,096,025

 

7,104,867

Investment securities

1,657,027

 

1,227,424

Total interest income

10,314,941

 

8,772,562

 

27. Interest expense

 

 

 2018

 

2017

 

         AED'000

 

AED'000

Deposits from banks

87,526

 

46,810

Deposits from customers

2,700,853

 

2,002,789

Euro commercial paper

83,865

 

104,671

Borrowings

1,330,418

 

876,865

Total interest expense

4,202,662

 

3,031,135

 

28. Net fees and commission income

 

 

 2018

 

2017

 

    AED'000

 

AED'000

Fees and commission income

 

 

 

Card related fees

894,266

 

864,153

Loan processing fees

486,261

 

583,274

Accounts related fees

65,363

 

55,601

Trade finance commission

281,245

 

263,645

Insurance commission

61,610

 

72,605

Asset management and investment services

83,342

 

109,600

Brokerage fees

6,449

 

15,796

Other fees

211,592

 

106,572

Total fees and commission income

2,090,128

 

2,071,246

Fees and commission expense

(695,552)

 

(564,204)

Net fees and commission income

1,394,576

 

1,507,042

                  

29. Net trading income

 

 

 2018

 

2017

 

        AED'000

 

AED'000

Net gains from dealing in derivatives

39,275

 

12,102

Net gains from dealing in foreign currencies

381,478

 

349,660

Net gains /(losses) from trading securities

11,052

 

(7,785)

Net trading income

431,805

 

353,977

 

30. Other operating income

 

 

 2018

 

2017

 

         AED'000

 

AED'000

Property management income

133,850

 

152,170

Rental income

51,076

 

57,444

Dividend income

1,722

 

1,850

Net (losses)/gains from disposal of investment securities

(10,474)

 

46,715

Gains/(losses) arising from retirement of hedges

278

 

(4,454)

Others

15,947

 

113,695

Total other operating income

192,399

 

367,420

31. Operating expenses

 

 

 2018

 

2017

 

     AED'000

 

AED'000

Staff expenses

1,838,475

 

1,709,057

Depreciation (Note 15)

175,927

 

165,114

General administrative expenses

1,069,099

 

1,073,410

Total operating expenses

3,083,501

 

2,947,581

                            

32. Impairment allowances

 

 

 2018

 

2017

 

   AED'000

 

AED'000

Financial instruments carried at amortised cost

 

 

 

Charge during the year

1,503,800

 

1,932,526

Recoveries during the year

(218,089)

 

(258,906)

Financial instruments carried at amortised cost - net charge

1,285,711

 

1,673,620

Debt instruments designated at FVTOCI - net release

(22,601)

 

-

Commitments and contingent liabilities - net charge

2,677

 

-

Total impairment allowances (Note 42.3)

1,265,787

 

1,673,620

 

33. Earnings per share

 

Basic and diluted earnings per share

 

The calculation of basic earnings per share is based on the net profit attributable to equity holders of the Bank and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by adjusting the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the dilutive effects of potential equity shares held on account of employees' incentive plan.

 

 

 

2018

AED'000

 

2017

AED'000

Net profit for the year attributable to the equity holders of the Bank

 

4,839,854

 

4,277,608

Less: Coupon paid on capital notes (Note 25)

 

(174,789)

 

(155,866)

Net adjusted profit for the year attributable to the equity holders of the Bank (a)

 

4,665,065

 

4,121,742

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of shares in thousand

Weighted average number of shares in issue throughout the year

 

5,198,231

 

5,198,231

Less: Weighted average number of shares resulting from employees' incentive plan shares

 

(12,470)

 

(16,607)

Weighted average number of equity shares in issue during the year for basic earnings per share (b)

 

5,185,761

 

5,181,624

 

 

 

 

 

Add: Weighted average number of shares resulting from employees' incentive plan shares

 

12,470

 

16,607

Weighted average number of equity shares in issue during the year for diluted  earnings per share (c)

 

5,198,231

 

5,198,231

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share (AED) (a)/(b)

 

0.90

 

0.80

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share (AED) (a)/(c)

 

0.90

 

0.79

 

 

 

34. Operating lease

 

Group as lessee

 

Operating leases relates to leases of branch premises, offices and ATMs of the Group with lease terms mainly up to three years. The Group has the option to renew the lease agreements but not the option to purchase the leased premises at the expiry of the lease periods.

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Payments recognised as an expense

 

 

 

Minimum lease payments

89,550

 

85,855

Non-cancellable operating lease commitments

 

 

 

Not later than one year

42,368

 

46,412

Later than one year but not later than five years

81,495

 

91,703

Later than five years

28,307

 

36,053

Total non-cancellable operating lease commitments

152,170

 

174,168

 

Group as lessor

 

Operating leases relate to properties owned by the Group with varied lease terms, with an option to extend the lease term. All operating lease contracts contain market review clause in the event that the lessee exercises its option to renew. The lessee does not have an option to purchase the property at the expiry of the lease period.

 

Rental incomes earned by the Group from its investment properties and direct operating expenses arising on the investment properties for the year are set out in Note 13.

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

AED'000

 

AED'000

Non-cancellable operating lease receivables

 

 

 

Not later than one year

23,789

 

26,733

Later than one year but not later than five years

25,342

 

30,229

Later than five years

27,463

 

36,229

Total non-cancellable operating lease receivables

76,594

 

93,191