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Jardine Matheson Hdg (JAR)

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Thursday 05 March, 2020

Jardine Matheson Hdg

Final Results

RNS Number : 1360F
Jardine Matheson Hldgs Ltd
05 March 2020
 

To:  Business Editor

5th March 2020

 

For immediate release

 

The following announcement was issued today to a Regulatory Information Service approved by the Financial Conduct Authority in the United Kingdom.

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

2019 Preliminary Announcement of Results

 

Highlights

· Resilient performance in challenging market conditions

· Underlying net profit and earnings per share down 4% against prior year

· Final dividend unchanged

· Record year for Hongkong Land and solid performances from Jardine Pacific and Astra

· Dairy Farm transformation progressing well but profit impacted by Hong Kong

· Group's balance sheet and funding position remain robust with US$2.1 billion proceeds of JLT sale

 

"2019 was a challenging year, but the Group has a long track record of resilience and delivered an encouraging performance in difficult conditions.

 

The 2020 performance of the Group's businesses in Greater China is being materially impacted by the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak and results for the remainder of the year will depend on the duration, geographic extent and impact of the outbreak and the measures taken to control it.  Longer term, however, we remain confident in the market fundamentals that drive Asia's growth.  The Board also remains confident that the Group's strong balance sheet, liquidity and clear strategic priorities will position Jardine Matheson well for strong long-term growth." 

 

Ben Keswick, Executive Chairman and Managing Director

 

Results

 

Year ended 31st December

 

 

  2019

  US$m

  2018

  US$m

Restated

Change

%

Gross revenue including 100% of associates and joint ventures

103,308

92,348

 

+12

Revenue

40,922

42,527

-4

  Underlying profit* before tax

4,678

4,850

-4

  Underlying profit* attributable to shareholders 

1,589

1,655

-4

  Profit attributable to shareholders

2,838

1,722

+65

  Shareholders' funds

30,351

26,069

+16

 

US$

US$

%

  Underlying earnings per share*

4.23

4.40

-4

  Earnings per share

7.56

4.58

+65

  Dividends per share

1.72

1.70

+1

  Net asset value per share #

81.90

69.19

+18

*   The Group uses 'underlying profit' in its internal financial reporting to distinguish between ongoing business performance and non-trading items, as more fully described in note 40 to the financial statements.  Management considers this to be a key measure which provides additional information to enhance understanding of the Group's underlying business performance.

  The accounts have been restated due to changes in accounting policies upon adoption of IFRS 16 'Leases', as set out in note 1 to the financial statements.

#    Net asset value per share is based on the book value of shareholders' funds.

The final dividend of US $1.28 per share will be payable on 13th May 2020, subject to approval at the Annual General Meeting to be held on 7th May 2020, to shareholders on the register of members at the close of business on 20th March 2020 and will be available in cash with a scrip alternative.

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

2019 Preliminary Announcement of Results

 

Chairman's Statement

Overview

 

Jardine Matheson delivered a resilient performance in 2019.  The Group navigated a range of challenges during the year, including the China-US trade war, negative consumer sentiment in a number of markets, lower commodity prices and the social unrest in Hong Kong.  Social unrest in Hong Kong has had a significant impact on the local economy and caused extensive disruption, which has been exacerbated by COVID-19 which is creating significant challenges across Greater China.  We are very grateful for the continuing dedication, hard work and resilience of our people in the context of these substantial challenges and remain confident in the positive long-term outlook for the region and in Hong Kong's future as a financial and commercial centre.

 

The financial and operational resilience of the Group's businesses continues to be supported by its investment strategy and approach to capital allocation, which are focused on fast-growing consumer markets in Greater China and Southeast Asia.  The Group continues to monitor the COVID-19 outbreak closely.  Our priority is always the wellbeing of our people and customers and we will do all we can to ensure their safety and support them through this difficult time.  While the outlook is likely to continue to be challenging and performance in the year ahead will depend on the duration, geographic extent and impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and the measures taken to control it, the Group remains confident in the resilience of its businesses and is therefore confident in their longer-term prospects.

 

Underlying net profit for the year was down by 4% compared with the prior year, with a record year for Hongkong Land and solid performances from Jardine Pacific and Astra.

 

Dairy Farm's ongoing multi-year transformation programme is beginning to deliver encouraging operational results, but difficult market conditions in Hong Kong impacted the reported financial performance of the business in the year.

 

Net non-trading items included the US$1.5 billion net gain from the disposal of the Group's interest in Jardine Lloyd Thompson ('JLT') and the US$49 million net revaluation gain on other investments.  These were partially offset by the US$337 million net revaluation loss arising from the annual revaluation of the Group's investment properties.

 

Performance

 

The Group's consolidated revenue for 2019 was US$40.9 billion, a decrease of 4% from the prior year.  The Group's gross revenue benefited from the inclusion of sales from the newly-acquired interest in Robinsons Retail, as well as a full twelve months' revenue for Zhongsheng and Yonghui due to the timing of the reporting of their results.

 

Underlying profit before tax for the year was down 4% at US$4,678 million. 

 

The underlying profit attributable to shareholders decreased by 4% to US$1,589 million, with underlying earnings per share also down by 4% to US$4.23. 

 

Net profit including non-trading items was US$2,838 million. 

 

The Group's financial position remains strong, with shareholders' funds up 16% at US$30.4 billion at the year end.  Consolidated net debt excluding financial services companies was US$4.8 billion at 31st December 2019, representing gearing of 7%, down from 10% at the end of 2018, primarily due to the receipt of the proceeds from the sale of the Group's interest in JLT.

 

The Board is recommending an unchanged final dividend of US$1.28 per share, which produces a full-year dividend of US$1.72 per share, up 1% from the prior year.

 

There was a solid performance from Hongkong Land, which achieved a further year of record underlying profit, reflecting steady earnings in investment properties, despite the social unrest in Hong Kong, and a stable performance from development properties, with a higher contribution from the Chinese mainland, offset by lower profits in other markets.

 

Jardine Pacific also delivered a satisfactory performance, with overall profit growth of 2% to US$164 million and strong performances by JEC and Gammon, offset by weaker performances by Jardine Restaurants and HACTL. 

 

Astra delivered a resilient performance in 2019 in the face of relatively weak domestic consumption and low commodity prices, with strong contributions from its financial services and newly-acquired gold mining businesses, offset by weaker performances from heavy equipment, coal mining and agribusiness. 

 

At Dairy Farm, the multi-year transformation programme to reshape and reorganise the business showed encouraging signs of progress in evolving its operations.  Underlying profit was, however, lower than the prior year due to the impact of the social unrest in Hong Kong - with Mannings and Maxim's most affected - as well as increased cost of goods and ongoing investments in its Home Furnishings business.

 

Strategic Developments

 

The Group has a strong presence in two of the fastest growing consumer markets in the world: Greater China and Southeast Asia.  Greater China provides the larger contribution to the Group, underpinned by the Group's significant presence in Hong Kong.  The Chinese mainland is also a key market for the Group, contributing 21% of profits in the year, and the Group is focused on growing its businesses there further.

 

Hongkong Land diversified its investment properties portfolio with the strategic acquisition in February 2020 of a large predominantly commercial mixed-use site in a prime waterside location in Shanghai. 

 

It also continues to consolidate its presence in the Chinese mainland in cities where it already has a presence, with a total of five new residential development sites secured in 2019.

 

The Group's affiliates in the Chinese mainland, Zhongsheng and Yonghui, both had a good year in their underlying businesses. 

 

Southeast Asia is the other area of key focus for the Group.  During the year Astra increased its stake in Gojek, Indonesia's leading multi-platform technology group and it also formed a fleet management joint venture with Gojek to support their GoCar ride-hailing service.  Astra also increased its toll road interests, with the acquisition of a 44.5% stake in the operator of the Surabaya-Mojokerto toll road and a further 10% stake in the operator of the Cikopo-Palimanan toll road.

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage increased its stake in Thaco in the year.  Thaco continues to diversify its business into property and agriculture, and these are expected to grow in importance going forward.

 

Significant long-term consumption growth is forecast in the Group's core markets of the Chinese mainland and Southeast Asia, particularly from the growing and increasingly affluent middle class.  The Group's businesses are associated with some of the world's top brands and are well placed to take advantage of compelling long-term market dynamics.

 

An important part of the Group's strategy is to invest for growth and to build significant stakes in strong companies which are benefiting from the opportunities offered by the economic development of the region.  The Group's aim is to be the partner of choice for associates or joint ventures and to grow those businesses over time by developing strong relationships which add value through the Group's role as a supportive shareholder to entrepreneurs and leading management teams.

 

The sale of the Group's interest in JLT to Marsh & McLennan completed in April 2019.  The US$2.1 billion net proceeds from the sale increase the financial strength of the Group, enhancing the Group's ability to take advantage of opportunities in its core markets across Asia.  No profit was recognised in respect of the interest in JLT from the beginning of January 2019 to the date of completion.

 

At Dairy Farm, the multi-year transformation programme to reshape and reorganise the business showed encouraging signs of progress in the year, with its space optimisation plan, new store formats and improvement programmes generating greater efficiencies and starting to deliver tangible results.  The business is well-placed to grow and meet the changing demands of customers and to address the increasing disruption faced by the retail sector.

 

Mandarin Oriental opened four new hotels in the year and it is positive to see a further increase in the group's pipeline of future hotels, with seven new management contracts signed and announced in the year, bringing the total number of announced projects under development which are expected to open in the next five years to 20.  The Excelsior in Hong Kong closed in March 2019 for redevelopment as a mixed-use office and retail project, and the demolition phase started in September 2019.  The project is expected to complete in 2025. 

 

Looking forward, the Group anticipates that a number of its businesses will face increasing changes, both in technology and consumer behaviours, set against an increasingly complex operating environment.  In order to ensure that all its businesses are well placed to benefit from these changes and deliver future growth, the Group has made it a priority to invest in and promote innovation, the development of talent and the adoption of sustainable business practices.

 

The financial and operational strength of the Group's businesses continues to be supported by its investment strategy and approach to capital allocation.  The Board keeps its portfolio of businesses under review and regularly assesses whether action is necessary to ensure that the Group's activities remain aligned with its strategic priorities.  In the past year such action has included the disposal of the Group's interests in JLT and JOS, the conditional agreement by Astra to dispose of its interest in Permata Bank and the closure of The Excelsior for redevelopment as a commercial property.

 

People

 

Simon Keswick retired as a Director on 1st January 2020.  On 20th January 2020, it was announced that Lord Sassoon will retire from the Board on 9th April 2020.  The Board would like to record its gratitude to both of them for their significant contribution to the Group over many years.  Stuart Gulliver joined the Board with effect from 1st January 2019.

 

As separately announced on 5th March 2020, with effect from 15th June 2020 the roles of Executive Chairman and Managing Director, which have been held on a combined basis by Ben Keswick since 31st December 2018, will revert to being separate.  Ben Keswick will remain as Executive Chairman and John Witt, currently Group Finance Director, will take on the role of Managing Director.  Graham Baker will join the Group and replace John Witt as Group Finance Director with effect from 15th June 2020.  He will also join the Board of the Company.

 

Outlook

 

While the short-term outlook is likely to continue to be challenging and performance in the year ahead will depend on the duration, geographic extent and impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and the measures taken to control it, the Group takes a long-term view and is confident in the underlying economic resilience of China and the wider region.  The Group is optimistic about the prospects for a speedy recovery once the situation has stabilised and remains confident in the mid- to long-term prospects for its businesses and the markets in which they operate.

 

 

 

Ben Keswick

Executive Chairman and Managing Director

 

Managing Director's Review

 

Introduction

 

Jardine Matheson is a diversified group of market-leading businesses focused principally on two of the regions that are driving global growth: Greater China and Southeast Asia.  In 2019, 58% of the Group's underlying profit came from Greater China compared to 56% in 2018 - with stronger performance from the Chinese mainland but a lower contribution from Hong Kong - and 42% from Southeast Asia, compared with 40% in 2018.  

 

The main contributors to underlying profit by activity were property at 29%, automotive interests at 24%, engineering, heavy equipment, mining, construction and energy at 19% and retailing and restaurants at 16%.

 

The Group's profit generation and related cash flows and retained earnings have supported continued investment, enabling high levels of capital expenditure to be combined with low levels of debt.  The Group's capital investment, including expenditure on properties for sale, was US$5.8 billion in 2019, and capital investment at its associates and joint ventures exceeded US$4.8 billion.  

 

The Group provides its businesses with access to the financial resources, expertise, people and relationships necessary to support their development and enable them to compete effectively in rapidly evolving operating environments.  The Group's strategy, strong financial position and investment in the development of both existing businesses and new areas of activity provide the foundation for consistent profit growth over the long term.  

 

The Group remains focused on the opportunities and challenges presented by changing technologies and digitalisation.  Its innovation agenda has continued to progress in the last year and has included the appointment of a new Group Director of Digital, who is leading the further development of the Group's digital and innovation strategy.  There is a particular focus on modernising the Group's core business operations - looking at opportunities to leverage digital and new ways of working to drive a modern, efficient operating environment - and on using digital to help drive the Group's revenue generating capabilities in both its consumer-facing and business-to-business operations.

 

The Group is also focused on broadening and deepening capability across its businesses.  Over the past year the Group has increased its investment in meeting the needs of its people, by promoting lifelong learning and training, including the rollout of a range of new and improved senior leadership programmes and the implementation of digital learning platforms; offering greater career opportunities; enhancing the Group's employer brand (including strengthening the Group's graduate training programme); and recruiting a range of new skills and resources into the business. 

 

The Group takes its responsibility as a corporate citizen seriously and believes that it is essential for a proactive approach to sustainability to be taken both at a Group level and among its businesses.  A sustainability leadership council, comprising senior management from across the Group's businesses, was established in 2019 and it has recently formulated and adopted a Group sustainability strategy, with input from colleagues across the business, which will be progressively implemented in the coming year.

 

Business Performance

 

Jardine Pacific

 

Jardine Pacific produced an underlying net profit of US$164 million, 2% higher than 2018.  The net profit after non-trading gains was US$285 million.

 

Group

Interest

 

Group Share of Underlying profit

 

 

%

 

2019

US$m

2018

US$m

 

Analysis of Jardine Pacific's contribution:

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Schindler

50

 

48

49

 

JEC

50-100

 

41

34

 

Gammon

50

 

36

32

 

Jardine Restaurants

100

 

13

19

 

Transport Services

42-50

 

18

21

 

JTH

100

 

7

-

 

Corporate and other interests*

 

 

1

5

 

 

 

 

164

160

 


*including Greatview, held through Jardine Strategic

 

JEC delivered strong profit growth, primarily from its Hong Kong operations and in part as a result of its earlier investment in modernising its core business and increasing revenues via business efficiency initiatives.  Gammon saw good profit growth, mainly due to the timing of project completions.  Its order book remains strong.  Jardine Schindler provided a slightly lower contribution as a result of challenging market conditions in Southeast Asia.  Jardine Restaurants saw profits impacted by difficult trading conditions in Hong Kong and the upfront costs of its investment in process re-engineering projects in Hong Kong and Taiwan.  KFC Taiwan produced good profit growth.  HACTL's performance was down against last year, due to a reduction in cargo throughput tonnage.

 

JTH performed well as both JOS and Innovix delivered better results.  The sale of the JOS business was completed in December 2019.

 

Hong Kong-listed Greatview, in which a 28% stake has been held by Jardine Strategic since June 2017, continued to see volume growth despite intense competition in the China segment and lower sales from its international division.

 

Motors

 

The Group's Motors business produced higher underlying net profit in 2019 of US$196 million, primarily due to a strong contribution from the investment in Zhongsheng, which saw increased sales and stable margins for the first six months of the year, and in respect of which Jardines received the benefit of a full year's contribution, compared with eight months in the prior year. 

 

In the Group's wholly-owned Motors businesses, Zung Fu in the Chinese mainland benefited from higher new car sales and steady margins.  However, weak market sentiment in Hong Kong and difficult market conditions in the United Kingdom adversely affected dealership profits.  In addition, there was a net loss arising from dealership disposals in the United Kingdom. 

 

In support of the Group's ambition to strengthen its automotive businesses and ensure that they are resilient and able to address anticipated long-term disruption in the sector, Jardine International Motors ('JIM') was formed in 2019 to provide central management and oversight in order effectively to harness expertise and talent, increase customer focus and create economies of scale across the Group's automotive interests in a coordinated way in an increasingly complex environment.  JIM currently comprises leading Asian automotive businesses including Zung Fu Motors Group in the Chinese mainland, Hong Kong and Macau; Cycle & Carriage in Singapore, Malaysia and Myanmar; and Tunas Ridean in Indonesia.

 

Hongkong Land

 

Hongkong Land achieved a further year of record underlying profit growth, with a 4% increase to US$1,076 million.  The group's Investment Properties business maintained stable profits and Development Properties achieved a solid performance, building on a strong previous year, with a higher contribution from the Chinese mainland partially offset by lower contributions from other markets.

 

Including net losses of US$878 million resulting from lower valuations of the group's investment properties, profit attributable to shareholders was US$198 million.  This compares to US$2,457 million in 2018, which included net revaluation gains of US$1,421 million.  The group remains well-financed, with net debt of US$3.6 billion at the year end, broadly unchanged from the end of 2018 and with net gearing unchanged at 9%.  Net debt will increase in 2020 as payments are made for land purchases to which the group has already committed.

 

Investment Properties

 

In Hong Kong, office leasing activities in Central were slower in 2019 compared to the prior year as a result of uncertainties caused by the China-US trade negotiations and the social unrest in Hong Kong. The performance of the group's Central office portfolio, however, continues to be resilient and rental reversions remain positive, with average office rents increasing during the year.  The Central retail portfolio remains fully occupied and retains its reputation as Hong Kong's premier shopping destination.  It delivered a respectable performance over the Christmas period following several challenging months for the retail market in Hong Kong. Average retail rents decreased in the year, however, due to temporary rent relief as a result of the social unrest. 

 

The value of the group's Hong Kong Investment Properties portfolio decreased by 2% in the year due to lower open market rents.  There was slightly higher vacancy in the group's Singapore office portfolio, but rental reversions were positive and average rents increased in the year.

 

In February 2020, Hongkong Land acquired a large site in a prime location along the Huangpu River in the Xuhui District of Shanghai, the predominant commercial hub in the Chinese mainland.  The acquisition illustrates our long-term confidence in the Chinese mainland and provides an attractive opportunity to develop and operate a commercial complex of scale in line with the group's long-term strategy of acquiring prime sites in key gateway cities across Asia.  The project mainly comprises office and retail space, with a developable area of 1.1 million sq. m, and will be developed in multiple phases to 2027.

 

Development Properties

 

2019 was a solid year for the group's Development Properties, building on a strong year in 2018, with a higher contribution from the Chinese mainland partially offset by lower contributions from other markets.  In the Chinese mainland, sentiment in the group's core markets remained broadly stable.  Higher sales completions led to an increase in profit contribution, whilst the group's attributable interest in contracted sales was higher than 2018 due to a change in sales location mix. 

 

During the year, the group acquired five new residential sites in the Chinese mainland - all in cities where it already has a presence - with a wholly-owned project in each of Chongqing and Hangzhou, and joint ventures in each of Chongqing, Shanghai and Wuhan. 

 

In Singapore, profits recognised in 2019 were lower than the prior year, while pre-sales at projects under construction were within expectations.  The group's joint venture projects in the rest of Southeast Asia performed within expectations. 

 

Dairy Farm

 

Dairy Farm's multi-year transformation programme to reshape and reorganise the business, adapting to the changing needs of customers, continued to gain momentum during 2019.  Opportunities are being unlocked across the group as the business seeks to leverage its scale effectively and develop a more coherent approach to improving its customer proposition, both by banner and at a country level.  The group's space optimisation plan, new store formats and improvement programmes generated greater efficiencies and started to deliver tangible results in the year.

 

Consistent with Dairy Farm's strategy of proactively managing its business portfolio as well as the ongoing execution of its space optimisation plan, sales of US$11.2 billion for the year by Dairy Farm's subsidiaries were 5% behind those of 2018.  Underlying operating profit was US$437 million, 14% lower than 2018, primarily due to the impact of the social unrest in Hong Kong, whose impact was felt to the greatest extent by Mannings, as well as increased cost of goods and ongoing investments in the Home Furnishings business.  Underlying profit attributable to shareholders was US$321 million, down 10% from US$358 million last year. 

 

Grocery Retail

 

2019 saw a significant improvement in results in Dairy Farm's Southeast Asia Grocery Retail businesses, as its space optimisation plan took effect.  The foundations for future growth by the business were also strengthened by the ongoing transformation and improvement programmes.  North Asia Grocery Retail sales were stronger, but overall profits there were weaker, impacted by cost pressures and investments in people and capabilities, although the Wellcome Hong Kong business delivered an improving trend in underlying profit performance.

 

Convenience

 

Sales in the Convenience business increased in the year, driven by new store growth and strong like-for-like sales in the Chinese mainland in particular.  Enhancements to range and services are popular with customers and there is a focus on brand differentiation to support sales growth.  Profits for the year declined, however, due primarily to investments in the expansion of the 7-Eleven store network in Guangdong.  Profits in 2018 were also positively impacted by one-off items which were not repeated in 2019.

 

Health & Beauty

 

Total sales for Dairy Farm's Health and Beauty business increased slightly, with strong growth in Southeast Asia, but operating profit declined, as the business was impacted by the challenging market conditions in Hong Kong.  The group has been addressing these challenging conditions by adapting its offer to changing customer needs as well as prudent management of costs. 

 

Weakness in North Asia Health and Beauty was partially offset by strong revenue and like-for-like sales growth in Southeast Asia, particularly in Indonesia and Malaysia.  Guardian in Southeast Asia delivered a strong performance during the year, with improvements in operating standards, service and product availability, and it benefited from a growing middle-class customer base in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Vietnam.

 

Home Furnishings

 

In Home Furnishings, IKEA's sales were higher in the year but operating margins were adversely affected by the impact of currency movements on the cost of goods. Operating profits also fell as the business incurred start-up costs for two new stores opened in the year and it invested in four stores under development which will open in 2020. 

 

Associates

 

The contribution from key associate Maxim's was lower than the prior year, as the business was impacted by the ongoing social unrest in Hong Kong.  Despite the challenging market conditions in the second half, however, Maxim's reported 4% growth in sales overall, as it saw the benefit of its acquisition of the Starbucks Thailand business. 

 

Yonghui in the Chinese mainland reported strong sales growth and positive like-for-like sales.  Underlying profit growth in Yonghui benefited from the partial sell down of their investment in the Yunchuang Technology business, which was announced in December 2018.  Dairy Farm also benefited from the contribution from its interest in Robinsons Retail, which it acquired in late 2018.

 

Mandarin Oriental

 

Mandarin Oriental's underlying profit significantly decreased from US$65 million in 2018 to US$41 million in 2019, as a result of the closure of The Excelsior, the social unrest in Hong Kong and the major renovation in Bangkok.  Earnings benefited, however, from the reopening of the London hotel following the fire in 2018 and the receipt of insurance proceeds following the final settlement of the insurance claim in respect thereof.

 

The majority of the group's owned or partially-owned properties reported better earnings.  The remainder of portfolio performed broadly in line with last year.

 

Several non-trading items were recognised during the year, including closure costs relating to The Excelsior and a decrease in its valuation, resulting in a loss attributable to shareholders of US$56 million in the year, compared to a profit attributable to shareholders of US$43 million in 2018.

 

The Excelsior in Hong Kong closed in March 2019 for redevelopment as a commercial property, and the demolition phase started in September 2019.  The project is expected to take around six years to complete. 

 

The group opened four new hotels in 2019 in Dubai, Doha, Beijing and Lake Como.  The group continues to build its development pipeline, with seven new management contracts signed and announced in 2019, including six new hotels and one standalone Residences project.  New Mandarin Oriental hotels were announced in Istanbul, Nanjing, Lake Lucerne, Dallas and Tel Aviv and the group took over management of The Emirates Palace in Abu Dhabi at the beginning of 2020. 

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage

 

Underlying profit attributable to shareholders at Jardine Cycle & Carriage ('JC&C') was 1% higher at US$863 million and profit attributable to shareholders increased to US$881 million from US$418 million in 2018, which included net non-trading losses of US$438 million, principally fair value losses related to non-current investments. Astra's contribution to underlying profit of US$716 million was relatively stable compared to the previous year, while the contributions from the group's Direct Motor Interests and Other Strategic Interests were both lower.

 

Direct Motor Interests 

 

Direct Motor Interests contributed US$63 million to the group's underlying profit, 11% lower than the prior year.  The contribution from Cycle & Carriage Singapore ('CCS') fell, with car sales growing despite a decrease in the overall Singapore passenger car market, but lower margins due to stronger competitive pressure.  CCS' market share increased as a result of the launch of new models and competitive pricing. 

 

In Indonesia, Tunas Ridean saw a stronger contribution from its automotive and consumer finance operations but lower profits from its rental business.  Cycle & Carriage Bintang in Malaysia made a loss in 2019, compared to a profit in 2018. 

 

Other Strategic Interests 

 

The contribution from Other Strategic Interests was 13% lower at US$126 million.  Other Strategic Interests now include Thaco consistent with its expanding investments in property and agriculture.  Thaco's contribution of US$49 million was 34% lower than last year, due to a lower contribution from its automotive business following a decline in vehicle sales and lower margins in a competitive market.  The contribution from Thaco's real estate business was significantly lower due to the slowdown in the property market.  The group increased its interest in Thaco from 25.3% to 26.6% during the year, for consideration of US$168 million. 

 

Siam City Cement's contribution of US$24 million was 16% higher than the previous year.  Its improved domestic performance in Thailand was offset by a lower contribution from its regional operations, in particular in South Vietnam.  The contribution from Refrigeration Electrical Engineering Corporation ('REE') was 4% lower than the previous year, due to weaker performances from its hydropower investments and its M&E business, which were partially offset by a stronger contribution from real estate.  JC&C increased its stake in REE during the year from 24.9% to 29.0% for US$25 million, by way of a public tender offer and market purchases.

 

The group's investment in Vinamilk delivered dividend income of US$36 million, compared to US$32 million in the previous year.  Vinamilk's 2019 profit was 3% higher in local currency terms.

 

Astra

 

Astra's net profit for 2019 under Indonesian accounting standards was Rp 21.7 trillion, equivalent to US$1.5 billion.  The group's net debt, excluding financial services subsidiaries, was Rp22.2 trillion, equivalent to US$1.6 billion, at 31st December 2019, compared with Rp13.0 trillion, equivalent to US$0.9 billion, at the end of 2018, due mainly to the group's further investments in its toll road businesses and Gojek, as well as capital expenditure in its mining contracting business.

 

Automotive

 

Net income from Astra's automotive division was down 1% at US$594 million.  This was mainly due to lower car sales volumes and increased manufacturing costs, partially offset by higher motorcycle sales volumes.  Car sales were 8% lower.  The Indonesian wholesale market declined by 11% in 2019 but Astra increased its market share from 51% to 52%. 

 

Motorcycle sales increased by 3% in the year.  The Indonesian wholesale market increased by 2%, with Astra's market share slightly higher at 76%.  Astra Otoparts reported a 21% increase in net income, largely due to higher revenue from the replacement market and lower production costs.

 

Financial Services

 

Net income from Astra's financial services division increased by 22% to US$415 million, mainly due to a larger loan portfolio and an improvement in non-performing loans.  Consumer finance businesses saw an 8% increase in the amount financed to US$6.2 billion. The net income contribution from Astra's car-focused finance companies increased by 29% to US$106 million, with lower non-performing loan losses.  The net income contribution from the group's motorcycle-focused finance business increased by 11% to US$187 million, mainly due to a larger loan portfolio.

 

The group's heavy equipment-focused finance operations saw an 18% decrease in the amounts financed to US$302 million.  The net income contribution from this business grew, however, by 14% to US$7 million, as a result of lower loan provisions.

 

Permata Bank reported a 66% increase in net income to US$106 million, due to improved revenue and lower loan impairment levels, attributable to improved loan quality and better levels of recovery from non-performing loans. The bank's gross and net non-performing loan ratios both improved.  General insurance company Asuransi Astra Buana reported 4% growth in net income at US$77 million, with increased investment income. 

 

Heavy Equipment, Mining, Construction and Energy

 

Net income from Astra's heavy equipment, mining, construction and energy division increased by 1% to US$475 million, mainly due to the contribution from the new gold mining operation, offset by the impact of lower heavy equipment sales and a loss incurred in the general contracting businessUnited Tractors reported a 2% increase in net income to US$801 million.  Agincourt Resources achieved gold sales of 410,000 oz.  Komatsu heavy equipment sales fell by 40%, with parts and service revenues also lower.

 

Mining contracting operations saw a 1% higher overburden removal volume at 989 million bank cubic metres, and 5% higher coal production at 131 million tonnes.  Coal mining subsidiaries were adversely impacted by lower coal prices.

 

General contractor Acset Indonusa reported a net loss of US$77 million, compared to a net income of US$1 million the year before.  This was mainly due to increased project and funding costs for several ongoing contracts.

 

Infrastructure and Logistics

 

Net income from Astra's infrastructure and logistics division increased by 49% to US$21 million, mainly due to improved toll road revenue, reflecting 22% higher traffic volume in Astra's 350km of operational toll roads along the Trans-Java network and the Kunciran Serpong toll road.  Serasi Autoraya's net income decreased by 17% to US$18 million, due to lower used car sales and a decline in its car leasing business.

 

Agribusiness

 

Net income from Astra's agribusiness was down by 85% at US$12 million.  This was primarily due to an 8% fall in average crude palm oil prices, despite a 3% increase in crude palm oil and derivatives sales to 2.3 million tonnes.  There have, however, recently been encouraging signs of improvement in prices.

 

Conclusion

 

The Board would like to express its gratitude for the hard work, dedication and professionalism of the Group's 464,000 employees over the past year.  We are proud of how colleagues have performed and responded to, and shown great resilience in the face of, the ongoing challenging conditions for many of the Group's businesses.

 

2020 is likely to continue to present challenges to the Group's businesses but we are well placed to address them and drive the Group towards future success.

 


Ben Keswick

ExecutiveChairman and Managing Director

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

Consolidated Profit and Loss Account

for the year ended 31st December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

2018

Underlying

business

performance

US$m

 

Non-

trading

items

US$m

 

 

Total

US$m

 

Underlying

business

performance

US$m

restated

Non-

trading

items

US$m

restated

 

 

Total

US$m

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue (note 2)

 

40,922

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

40,922

 

 

 

 

42,527

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

42,527

 

 

Net operating costs (note 3)

 

(36,931)

 

 

 

1,576

 

 

 

 

(35,355)

 

 

 

 

(38,456)

 

 

 

(814)

 

 

 

 

(39,270)

 

 

Change in fair value of investment properties

 

-

 

 

 

(832)

 

 

 

 

(832)

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,251

 

 

 

 

1,251

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit

 

3,991

 

 

 

744

 

 

 

 

4,735

 

 

 

 

4,071

 

 

 

437

 

 

 

 

4,508

 

 

Net financing charges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- financing charges

 

(787)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(787)

 

 

 

 

(655)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(655)

 

 

- financing income

 

253

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

253

 

 

 

 

180

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(534)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(534)

 

 

 

 

(475)

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

(475)

 

 

Share of results of associates and joint ventures (note 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- before change in fair value of investment properties

 

1,221

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

1,241

 

 

 

 

1,254

 

 

 

(32)

 

 

 

 

1,222

 

 

- change in fair value of investment properties

 

-

 

 

 

(11)

 

 

 

 

(11)

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

189

 

 

 

 

189

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,221

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

1,230

 

 

 

 

1,254

 

 

 

157

 

 

 

 

1,411

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before tax

 

4,678

 

 

 

753

 

 

 

 

5,431

 

 

 

 

4,850

 

 

 

594

 

 

 

 

5,444

 

 

Tax (note 5)

 

(941)

 

 

 

(16)

 

 

 

 

(957)

 

 

 

 

(967)

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

(958)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit after tax

 

3,737

 

 

 

737

 

 

 

 

4,474

 

 

 

 

3,883

 

 

 

603

 

 

 

 

4,486

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the Company (notes 6 & 7)

 

1,589

 

 

 

1,249

 

 

 

 

2,838

 

 

 

 

1,655

 

 

 

67

 

 

 

 

1,722

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

2,148

 

 

 

(512)

 

 

 

 

1,636

 

 

 

 

2,228

 

 

 

536

 

 

 

 

2,764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,737

 

 

 

737

 

 

 

 

4,474

 

 

 

 

3,883

 

 

 

603

 

 

 

 

4,486

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$

 

 

 

 

US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share (note 6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- basic

 

4.23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.56

 

 

 

 

4.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.58

 

 

- diluted

 

4.23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.56

 

 

 

 

4.39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.57

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

for the year ended 31st December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

US$m

 

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the year

 

 

4,474

 

 

 

 

 

4 ,486

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income/(expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that will not be reclassified to profit or loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remeasurements of defined benefit plans

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

(25)

 

 

 

Net revaluation surplus before transfer to

investment properties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-  right-of-use assets

 

 

2,943

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

-  tangible assets

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Tax on items that will not be reclassified

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,951

 

 

 

 

 

(19)

 

 

 

Share of other comprehensive expense of

associates and joint ventures

 

 

(5)

 

 

 

 

 

(10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,946

 

 

 

 

 

(29)

 

 

 

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit

or loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net exchange translation differences

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net gain/(loss) arising during the year

 

 

489

 

 

 

 

 

(815)

 

 

 

- transfer to profit and loss

 

 

58

 

 

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

547

 

 

 

 

 

(770)

 

 

 

Revaluation of other investments at fair value through

other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net gain/(loss) arising during the year

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

(22)

 

 

 

- transfer to profit and loss

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

(25)

 

 

 

Cash flow hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net (loss)/ gain arising during the year

 

 

(92)

 

 

 

 

 

31

 

 

 

- transfer to profit and loss

 

 

(5)

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(97)

 

 

 

 

 

31

 

 

 

Tax relating to items that may be reclassified

 

 

29

 

 

 

 

 

(13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of other comprehensive income/ (expense) of

associates and joint ventures

 

 

282

 

 

 

 

 

(533)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

780

 

 

 

 

 

(1,310)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income/ (expense) for the year,

net of tax

 

 

3,726

 

 

 

 

 

(1,339)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

 

8,200

 

 

 

 

 

3 ,147

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the Company

 

 

5,201

 

 

 

 

 

1 ,148

 

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

2,999

 

 

 

 

 

1 ,999

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,200

 

 

 

 

 

3 ,147

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

Consolidated Balance Sheet

at 31st December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31st December

At 1st January

 

 

 

2019

US$m

 

 

 

2018

US$m

restated

 

 

 

2018

US$m

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets

 

2,849

 

 

 

2 ,665

 

 

 

2,257

 

Tangible assets

 

7,379

 

 

 

7 ,071

 

 

 

6,3 30

 

Right-of-use assets

 

5,129

 

 

 

5,451

 

 

 

5,563

 

Investment properties

 

37,377

 

 

 

34 ,753

 

 

 

33,538

 

Bearer plants

 

503

 

 

 

487

 

 

 

4 98

 

Associates and joint ventures

 

15,640

 

 

 

14,572

 

 

 

13 ,047

 

Other investments

 

2,720

 

 

 

2 ,592

 

 

 

2,731

 

Non-current debtors

 

3,045

 

 

 

3, 069

 

 

 

2 , 990

 

Deferred tax assets

 

457

 

 

 

390

 

 

 

417

 

Pension assets

 

3

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

75,102

 

 

 

71 ,056

 

 

 

67 ,385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Properties for sale

 

2,441

 

 

 

2,339

 

 

 

2 ,594

 

Stocks and work in progress

 

3,824

 

 

 

3,770

 

 

 

3,536

 

Current debtors

 

8,196

 

 

 

7 ,7 58

 

 

 

7 , 018

 

Current investments

 

29

 

 

 

50

 

 

 

22

 

Current tax assets

 

253

 

 

 

189

 

 

 

1 64

 

Bank balances and other liquid funds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- non-financial services companies

 

6,927

 

 

 

4 ,801

 

 

 

5 ,764

 

- financial services companies

 

256

 

 

 

187

 

 

 

241

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,183

 

 

 

4 ,988

 

 

 

6,005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21,926

 

 

 

1 9 ,094

 

 

 

19,339

 

A ssets classified as held for sale

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

21,926

 

 

 

1 9 ,094

 

 

 

19,350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

97,028

 

 

 

90 ,150

 

 

 

86 ,735

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

183

 

 

 

184

 

 

 

181

 

Share premium and capital reserves

 

32

 

 

 

218

 

 

 

188

 

Revenue and other reserves

 

35,418

 

 

 

30,912

 

 

 

29,753

 

Own shares held

 

(5,282)

 

 

 

(5,245)

 

 

 

(4,715)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' funds

 

30,351

 

 

 

26,069

 

 

 

25,407

 

Non-controlling interests

 

34,720

 

 

 

32,729

 

 

 

32,035

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity

 

65,071

 

 

 

58,798

 

 

 

57,442

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- non-financial services companies

 

6,976

 

 

 

5,394

 

 

 

5,974

 

- financial services companies

 

1,697

 

 

 

1,655

 

 

 

1,487

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,673

 

 

 

7,049

 

 

 

7,461

 

Non-current lease liabilities

 

3,260

 

 

 

3,523

 

 

 

3,537

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

789

 

 

 

764

 

 

 

530

 

Pension liabilities

 

462

 

 

 

413

 

 

 

385

 

Non-current creditors

 

356

 

 

 

341

 

 

 

324

 

Non-current provisions

 

314

 

 

 

305

 

 

 

265

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

13,854

 

 

 

12,395

 

 

 

12,502

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current creditors

 

9,893

 

 

 

10,275

 

 

 

10,050

 

Current borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- non-financial services companies

 

4,737

 

 

 

5,320

 

 

 

3,192

 

- financial services companies

 

1,853

 

 

 

1,824

 

 

 

2,154

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,590

 

 

 

7,144

 

 

 

5,346

 

Current lease liabilities

 

902

 

 

 

895

 

 

 

865

 

Current tax liabilities

 

540

 

 

 

454

 

 

 

362

 

Current provisions

 

178

 

 

 

189

 

 

 

162

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,103

 

 

 

18,957

 

 

 

16,785

 

Liabilities classified as held for sale

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

18,103

 

 

 

18,957

 

 

 

16,791

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

31,957

 

 

 

31,352

 

 

 

29,293

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity and liabilities

 

97,028

 

 

 

90,150

 

 

 

86,735

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

for the year ended 31st December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share

capital

US$m

 

Share

premium

US$m

 

Capital

reserves

US$m

 

Revenue

reserves

US$m

Asset

revaluation

reserves

US$m

 

Hedging

reserves

US$m

 

Exchange

reserves

US$m

 

Own

shares

held

US$m

Attributable to shareholders of the Company

US$m

Attributable

to non-controlling interests

US$m

 

Total

equity

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st January

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- as previously reported

184

 

36

 

182

 

33,020

 

213

 

(20)

 

(2,028)

 

(5,245)

 

26,342

 

32,855

 

59,197

- change in accounting polic ies (note 1)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(281)

 

-

 

-

 

8

 

-

 

(273)

 

(126)

 

(399)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- as restated

184

 

36

 

182

 

32,739

 

213

 

(20)

 

(2,020)

 

(5,245)

 

26,069

 

32,729

 

58,798

Total comprehensive income

-

 

-

 

-

 

2,859

 

1,954

 

(2)

 

390

 

-

 

5,201

 

2,999

 

8,200

Dividends paid by the Company (note 8)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(646)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(646)

 

113

 

(533)

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(964)

 

(964)

Unclaimed dividends forfeited

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

1

Issue of shares

-

 

3

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

3

 

-

 

3

Employee share option schemes

-

 

-

 

4

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

4

 

-

 

4

Scrip issued in lieu of dividends

1

 

(1)

 

-

 

133

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

133

 

-

 

133

Repurchase of shares

(2)

 

(40)

 

-

 

(286)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(328)

 

-

 

(328)

Increase in own shares held

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(37)

 

(37)

 

37

 

-

Subsidiaries acquired

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

14

 

14

Capital contribution from non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

18

 

18

Change in interests in subsidiaries

-

 

-

 

-

 

(50)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(50)

 

(227)

 

(277)

Change in interests in associates and joint ventures

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

1

 

2

Transfer

-

 

2

 

(154)

 

152

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31st December

183

 

-

 

32

 

34,903

 

2,167

 

(22)

 

(1,630)

 

(5,282)

 

30,351

 

34,720

 

65,071

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 1st January

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- as previously reported

181

 

32

 

156

 

31,323

 

212

 

(6)

 

(1,508)

 

(4,715)

 

25,675

 

32,158

 

57,833

- change in accounting polic ies (note 1)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(269)

 

-

 

-

 

1

 

-

 

(268)

 

(123)

 

(391)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- as restated

181

 

32

 

156

 

31,054

 

212

 

(6)

 

(1,507)

 

(4,715)

 

25,407

 

32,035

 

57,442

Total comprehensive income

-

 

-

 

-

 

1,674

 

1

 

(14)

 

(513)

 

-

 

1,148

 

1,999

 

3,147

Dividends paid by the Company (note 8)

-

 

-

 

-

 

(607)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(607)

 

109

 

(498)

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(902)

 

(902)

Unclaimed dividends forfeited

-

 

-

 

-

 

2

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

2

 

-

 

2

Issue of shares

-

 

4

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

4

 

-

 

4

Employee share option schemes

-

 

-

 

32

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

32

 

1

 

33

Scrip issued in lieu of dividends

3

 

(3)

 

-

 

635

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

635

 

-

 

635

Increase in own shares held

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(530)

 

(530)

 

(72)

 

(602)

Subsidiaries acquired

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

57

 

57

Capital contribution from non-controlling interests

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

21

 

21

Change in interests in subsidiaries

-

 

-

 

-

 

(25)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(25)

 

(537)

 

(562)

Change in interests in associates and joint ventures

-

 

-

 

-

 

3

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

3

 

18

 

21

Transfer

-

 

3

 

(6)

 

3

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 31st December

184

 

36

 

182

 

32,739

 

213

 

(20)

 

(2,020)

 

(5,245)

 

26,069

 

32,729

 

58,798

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

Consolidated Cash Flow Statement

for the year ended 31st December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

US$m

 

 

 

2018

US$m

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash generated from operations

 

5,269

 

 

 

5 ,596

 

Interest received

 

186

 

 

 

1 64

 

Interest and other financing charges paid

 

(759)

 

 

 

(643)

 

Tax paid

 

(964)

 

 

 

( 902 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,732

 

 

 

4,215

 

Dividends from associates and joint ventures

 

1,133

 

 

 

94 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

4,865

 

 

 

5, 157

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of subsidiaries (note 9(a))

 

(28)

 

 

 

( 1,287 )

 

Purchase of associates and joint ventures (note 9(b))

 

(1,088)

 

 

 

(1, 191 )

 

Purchase of other investments (note 9(c))

 

(409)

 

 

 

( 708 )

 

Purchase of intangible assets

 

(224)

 

 

 

(115)

 

Purchase of tangible assets

 

(1,234)

 

 

 

(1,399)

 

Additions to right-of-use assets

 

(60)

 

 

 

(32)

 

Additions to investment properties

 

(171)

 

 

 

( 166 )

 

Additions to bearer plants

 

(44)

 

 

 

( 45 )

 

Advance to associates and joint ventures (note 9(d))

 

(1,025)

 

 

 

( 990 )

 

Advance from and repayment from associates and joint ventures (note 9(e))

 

920

 

 

 

952

 

Sale of subsidiaries

 

60

 

 

 

-

 

Sale of Jardine Lloyd Thompson

 

2,084

 

 

 

-

 

Sale of other associates and joint ventures

 

3

 

 

 

-

 

Sale of other investments (note 9(f))

 

450

 

 

 

236

 

Sale of tangible assets

 

63

 

 

 

75

 

Sale of right-of-use assets

 

3

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

(700)

 

 

 

( 4 , 658 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issue of shares

 

3

 

 

 

4

 

Capital contribution from non-controlling interests

 

18

 

 

 

21

 

Change in interests in subsidiaries (note 9(g))

 

(277)

 

 

 

( 563 )

 

Purchase of own shares

 

(328)

 

 

 

( 99 )

 

Drawdown of borrowings

 

8,593

 

 

 

7, 923

 

Repayment of borrowings

 

(7,669)

 

 

 

(6, 366 )

 

Principal elements of lease payments

 

(1,016)

 

 

 

(1,018)

 

Dividends paid by the Company

 

(400)

 

 

 

(3 66 )

 

Dividends paid to non-controlling interests

 

(964)

 

 

 

( 902 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

(2,040)

 

 

 

(1,366)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase/ (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

2,125

 

 

 

(867)

 

Cash and cash equivalents at 1st January

 

4,953

 

 

 

6 , 001

 

Effect of exchange rate changes

 

79

 

 

 

(181)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at 31st December

 

7,157

 

 

 

4 , 953

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

Analysis of Profit Contribution

for the year ended 31st December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

US$m

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reportable segments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Pacific

 

164

 

 

 

160

 

Jardine Motors

 

196

 

 

 

175

 

Hongkong Land

 

460

 

 

 

438

 

Dairy Farm

 

210

 

 

 

235

 

Mandarin Oriental

 

27

 

 

 

45

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage

 

84

 

 

 

101

 

Astra

 

455

 

 

 

465

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,596

 

 

 

1,619

 

Jardine Lloyd Thompson

 

-

 

 

 

77

 

Corporate and other interests

 

(7)

 

 

 

(41)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying profit attributable to shareholders*

 

1,589

 

 

 

1,655

 

Sale of Jardine Lloyd Thompson

 

1,507

 

 

 

(21)

 

(Decrease)/increase in fair value of investment properties

 

(337)

 

 

 

613

 

Other non-trading items

 

79

 

 

 

(525)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit attributable to shareholders

 

2,838

 

 

 

1 ,722

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analysis of Jardine Pacific's contribution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Schindler

 

48

 

 

 

49

 

JEC

 

41

 

 

 

34

 

Gammon

 

36

 

 

 

32

 

Jardine Restaurants

 

13

 

 

 

19

 

Transport Services

 

18

 

 

 

21

 

JTH

 

7

 

 

 

-

 

Corporate and other interests

 

1

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

160

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analysis of Jardine Motors' contribution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hong Kong and Chinese mainland

 

196

 

 

 

165

 

United Kingdom

 

1

 

 

 

12

 

Corporate

 

(1)

 

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

196

 

 

 

1 75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*  Underlying profit attributable to shareholders is the measure of profit adopted by the Group in accordance with IFRS 8 'Operating Segments'.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited

Notes

 

 

1.  Accounting Policies and Basis of Preparation

 

The financial information contained in this announcement has been based on the audited results for the year ended 31st December 2019 which have been prepared in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards, including International Accounting Standards and Interpretations adopted by the International Accounting Standards Board.

 

The Group has adopted IFRS 16 'Leases' from 1st January 2019 .  Other amendments or interpretations, which are effective in 2019 and relevant to the Group's operations, do not have a significant effect on the Group's results, financial position and accounting policies. 

 

The Group has elected to early adopt the 'Interest Rate Benchmark Reform: Amendments to IFRS 9, IAS 39 and IFRS 7' (effective 1st January 2020) in relation to hedge accounting for the Group's annual reporting period commencing 1st January 2019. In accordance with the transition provisions, the amendments have been adopted retrospectively with respect to hedging relationships that existed at the start of the reporting period or were designated thereafter.  The amendments provide temporary relief from applying specific hedge accounting requirements to hedging relationships which are directly affected by the uncertainty arising from the reforms and replacement of existing benchmark interest rates such as LIBOR and other inter-bank offered rates ('IBOR reform').  The forthcoming IBOR reform may take effect at different times and may have a different impact on the hedged items (the fixed and floating rate borrowings) and the hedging instruments (the interest rate swaps and cross currency swaps used to hedge the borrowings).  The reliefs have the effect that the IBOR reform should not generally cause hedge accounting to terminate. The reliefs under the amendments will end when the uncertainty arising from the IBOR reform are no longer present; or the hedging relationship is discontinued.  Early adoption of these amendments has no impact on the Group's consolidated financial statements for 2019.

 

Apart from the above, the Group has not early adopted any standard, interpretation or amendments that have been issued but not yet effective.

 

IFRS 16 'Leases' replaces IAS 17 'Leases' and related interpretations, and introduces a comprehensive model for the identification of lease arrangements and accounting treatments for both lessors and lessees.  The distinction between operating and finance leases is removed for lessee accounting, and is replaced by a model where a lease liability and a corresponding right-of-use asset have to be recognised on the balance sheet for almost all leases by the lessees.  The Group's recognised right-of-use assets primarily relate to property leases, which are entered into for use as retail stores and offices.  There are also right-of-use assets relate to plant & machinery and motor vehicles.  Prior to 2019, payments made under operating leases were charged to profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.  Upon the adoption of IFRS 16, each lease payment is allocated between settlement of the lease liability and finance cost.  The finance cost is charged to profit and loss over the lease period.  The right-of-use asset is depreciated over the shorter of the asset's useful life and the lease term on a straight-line basis.

 

In addition, leasehold land which represents payments to third parties to acquire interests in property, previously included in intangible assets and tangible assets, is now presented under right-of-use assets.  Leasehold land is amortised over the useful life of the lease, which includes the renewal period if the lease is likely to be renewed by the Group without significant cost.

 

The accounting for lessors does not change significantly.

 

Changes to accounting policies on adoption of IFRS 16 have been applied   retrospectively, and the comparati ve financial statements have been restated.

 

The effects of adopting IFRS 16 were as follows:

 

(a)    On the consolidated profit and loss account for the year ended 31st December 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase/(decrease)

 

 

 

 

 

 

in profit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

160

 

 

Net financing charges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(163)

 

 

Share of results of associates and joint ventures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(23)

 

 

Tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit after tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the Company*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10)

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

Further analy s ed as:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Underlying profit attributable to shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(48)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-trading items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- sale and closure of businesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

 

- restructuring of businesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit attributable to shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic underlying earnings per share (US$)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted underlying earnings per share (US$)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share (US$)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.02)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share (US$)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0.02)

 

                             

 

(b)  On the consolidated statement of comprehensive income for the year ended
31st
December 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase/(decrease)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

comprehensive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net exchange translation differences

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- net gain arising during the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

- transfer to profit and loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income for the year, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the Company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4)

 

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                         

 

(c)  On the consolidated balance sheet at 1st January

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase/(decrease)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

(713)

 

 

 

 

 

(752)

 

 

Tangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

(715)

 

 

 

 

 

(678)

 

 

Right-of-use assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,451

 

 

 

 

 

5,563

 

 

Associates and joint ventures

 

 

 

 

 

 

(39)

 

 

 

 

 

(21)

 

 

Non-current debtors

 

 

 

 

 

 

(13)

 

 

 

 

 

(52)

 

 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

Current debtors

 

 

 

 

 

 

(80)

 

 

 

 

 

(34)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,892

 

 

 

 

 

4,037

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue and other reserves

 

 

 

 

 

 

(273)

 

 

 

 

 

(268)

 

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

(126)

 

 

 

 

 

(123)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

(399)

 

 

 

 

 

(391)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

(24)

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

 

 

Non-current lease liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,523

 

 

 

 

 

3,537

 

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

(36)

 

 

 

 

 

(22)

 

 

Non-current creditors

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

(2)

 

 

Non-current provisions

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,467

 

 

 

 

 

3,602

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current creditors

 

 

 

 

 

 

(37)

 

 

 

 

 

(44)

 

 

Current borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

(14)

 

 

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

Current lease liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

895

 

 

 

 

 

865

 

 

Current provisions

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20)

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

824

 

 

 

 

 

826

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,291

 

 

 

 

 

4,428

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total equity and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,892

 

 

 

 

 

4,037

 

 

 

(d)  On the consolidated cash flow statement for the year ended 31st December 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inflows/(outflows)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash generated from operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,174

 

 

 

Interest and other financing charges paid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(163)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

Purchase of tangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

Additions to right-of-use assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(32)

 

 

 

Sale of intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(12)

 

 

 

Sale of right-of-use assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repayment of borrowings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

Principal elements of lease payments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,018)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,011)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

                                 

 

(e)  Changes in principal accounting policies on adoption of IFRS 16

 

Leases

 

At inception of a contract, the Group assesses whether a contract is, or contains, a lease.  A contract is, or contains, a lease if the contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

 

Lease contracts may contain lease and non-lease components.  The Group allocates the consideration in the contract to lease and non-lease component based on their relative stand-alone prices.  For property leases where the Group is a lessee, it has elected not to separate lease and immaterial non-lease components and accounts for these items as a single lease component.

 

(i)  As a lessee

 

The Group enters into property leases for use as retail stores and offices, as well as leases for plant & machinery and motor vehicles for use in its operations.

 

The Group recognises right-of-use assets and lease liabilities at the lease commencement dates, that is the dates the underlying assets are available for use.  Right-of-use assets are measured at cost, less any accumulated depreciation and impairment, and adjusted for any remeasurement of lease liabilities.  The cost of the right-of-use assets includes amounts of the initial measurement of lease liabilities recognised, lease payments made at or before the commencement dates less any lease incentives received, initial direct costs incurred and restoration costs.  Right-of-use assets are depreciated using the straight-line method over the shorter of their estimated useful lives and the lease terms.

 

When right-of-use assets meet the definition of investment properties, they are presented in investment properties, and are initially measured at cost and subsequently measured at fair value, in accordance with the Group's accounting policy.

 

The Group also has interests in leasehold land for use in its operations.  Lump sum payments were made upfront to acquire these land interests from their previous registered owners or governments in the jurisdictions where the land is located.  There are no ongoing payments to be made under the term of the land leases, other than insignificant lease renewal costs or payments based on rateable value set by the relevant government authorities.  These payments are stated at cost and are amortised over the term of the lease which includes the renewal period if the lease can be renewed by the Group without significant cost.

 

Lease liabilities are measured at the present value of lease payments to be made over the lease terms.  Lease payments include fixed payments (including in-substance fixed payments) less any lease incentives receivable, variable lease payments that depend on an index or a rate, and amounts expected to be paid under residual value guarantees.  The lease payments also include the exercise price of a purchase option reasonably certain to be exercised and payments of penalties for terminating a lease, if the lease term reflects the Group exercising that option.  The variable lease payments that do not depend on an index or a rate are recognised as expense in the period on which the event or condition that triggers the payment occurs.

 

In calculating the present value of lease payments, the Group uses the incremental borrowing rate at the lease commencement date if the interest rate implicit in the lease is not readily determinable.  Lease liabilities are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.  After the commencement date, the amount of lease liabilities is increased by the interest costs on the lease liabilities and decreased by lease payments made.

 

The carrying amount of lease liabilities is remeasured when there is a change in the lease term, or there is a change in future lease payments arising from a change in an index or rate, or there is a change in the Group's estimate of the amount expected to be payable under a residual guarantee, or there is a change arising from the reassessment of whether the Group will be reasonably certain to exercise an extension or a termination option.  When the lease liability is remeasured, a corresponding adjustment is made to the carrying amount of the right-of-use asset, or is recorded in profit or loss if the carrying amount of right-of-use asset has been reduced to zero.

 

The Group has elected not to recognise right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for leases of low value assets (i.e. US$5,000 or less) and short-term leases.  Low value assets comprised IT equipment and small items of office furniture.  Short-term leases are leases with a lease term of 12 months or less.  Lease payments associated with these leases are recognised on a straight-line basis as an expense in profit and loss over the lease term.

 

Lease liabilities are classified as non-current liabilities unless payments are within 12 months from the balance sheet date.

 

(ii) As a lessor

 

The Group enters into contracts with lease components as a lessor primarily on its investment properties. These leases are operating leases as they do not transfer the risk and rewards incidental to the underlying investment properties. The Group recognises the lease payments received under these operating leases on a straight line basis over the lease term as part of revenue in the profit and loss.

 

(f) Critical accounting estimates and judgements

 

Leases

 

Liabilities and the corresponding right-of-use assets arising from leases are initially measured at the present value of the lease payments at the commencement date, discounted using the interest rates implicit in the leases, or if that rate cannot be readily determinable, the Group uses the incremental borrowing rate.  The Group generally uses the incremental borrowing rate as the discount rate.

 

The Group applies the incremental borrowing rate with reference to the rate of interest that the Group would have to pay to borrow, over a similar term as that of the lease, the funds necessary to obtain an asset of a similar value to the right-of-use asset in the country where it is located.

 

Lease payments to be made during the lease term will be included in the measurement of a lease liability.  The Group determines the lease term as the non-cancellable term of the lease, together with any periods covered by an option to extend the lease if it is reasonably certain to be exercised, or any period covered by an option to terminate the lease, if it is reasonably certain not to be exercised. 

 

The Group has the option, under some of its leases to lease the assets for additional terms.  The Group applies judgement in evaluating whether it is reasonably certain to exercise the option to renew.  That is, the Group considers all relevant factors that create an economic incentive for it to exercise the renewal.  After the commencement date, the Group reassesses the lease term if there is a significant event or change in circumstances that is within its control and affects its ability to exercise or not to exercise the option to renew.  The assessment of whether the Group is reasonably certain to exercise the options impacts the lease terms, which significantly affects the amount of lease liabilities and right-of-use assets recognised.

 

2.  Revenue

 

 

 

 

Gross revenue

 

 

 

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

US$m

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

2019

US$m

 

 

 

2018

US$m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By business:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jardine Pacific

 

6,76 7

 

 

 

6, 827

 

 

 

2,635

 

 

 

2,585

 

 

Jardine Motors

 

22,967

 

 

 

1 5 , 954

 

 

 

5,690

 

 

 

5,905

 

 

Hongkong Land

 

4,437

 

 

 

4, 642

 

 

 

2,320

 

 

 

2,665

 

 

Dairy Farm

 

27,665

 

 

 

21, 957

 

 

 

11,192

 

 

 

11,749

 

 

Mandarin Oriental

 

908

 

 

 

98 5

 

 

 

567

 

 

 

614

 

 

Jardine Cycle & Carriage <