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Litigation Cap. Mgmt (LIT)

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Tuesday 17 March, 2020

Litigation Cap. Mgmt

Half-year Report

RNS Number : 4179G
Litigation Capital Management Ltd
17 March 2020
 

17 March 2020

 

Litigation Capital Management Limited

("LCM", "the Company" or "the Group")

 

Interim results for the six months ended 31 December 2019

 

Litigation Capital Management Limited (AIM:LIT), a leading international provider of disputes financing solutions, announces its interim results for the six months ended 31 December 2019 ("HY20").

 

Highlights

· Delivering sustained growth across a diversified portfolio by investment activity and geography

· First close of a new third-party fund of US$150 million (post-period)

· Cumulative 139% ROIC and 79% IRR over the last 8.5 years*

· Total cash generated of A$18.9 million (post-period cash receipt totalling A$9.7 million)

· Four single-case investments in APAC generated a combined revenue of approximately A$14.9 million and contribution to gross profit of approximately A$7.8 million

· Significant traction in key growth area of corporate portfolio funding:

-  Construction portfolio: resolved two disputes out of seven matters; generated revenue of A$8.6 million and provided a contribution to gross profit of A$4.3 million

-  First matter resolution in the aviation portfolio; generated revenue of A$0.6 million and provided a contribution to gross profit of A$0.2 million

· Strategic Alliance with international law firm delivered material opportunities and over 30 applications, including both single case and corporate portfolio. Second Alliance initiated with an international law firm which has already generated corporate portfolio applications

 

 

 

*FY12 to HY20, including losses. The Company reports performance over the last 8.5 years since FY12 as the Board deems it the period most representative of the current business

 

Summary of financials

 

Figures in A$ million unless otherwise stated

Six months ended 31 December 2019

Six months ended 31 December 2018

Gross revenue

24.1

11.7

Gross profit

12.2

5.7

Adjusted profit before tax

6.9

2.7

Adjusted basic EPS (cents per share)

6.61

4.31

Statutory profit before tax

6.7

1.0

Net cash

34.7

52.6

Capital deployed on litigation investments

18.4

12.8

Litigation investments

34.0

20.7

Total equity

80.4

70.3

Cash receipts from the completion of litigation investments

9.2

11.0

 

Post-period events

 

· First close of US$150 million LCM Global Alternative Returns Fund (the Fund) - US$140 million committed investments from global blue-chip investors with balance of US$10 million which LCM expects to be subscribed in the near term

-  Fund will supplement the deployment of capital from LCM's balance sheet, significantly increasing the Group's ability to invest in new opportunities.

-  Transitions LCM into an alternate asset manager specialising in investments relating to the global disputes market

· Post period cash received on projects resolved - A$9.7 million, as a result of resolutions occurring close to the end of the financial period

 

Current trading and outlook

 

LCM moves forward as an alternate asset manager specialising in investments relating to the global disputes market with two complementary business models: direct investment from the Company's balance sheet and asset management following the first close of the US$150m fund. In the second half, we will continue to execute our strategy of growing and diversifying our portfolio by investment activity and geography, taking advantage of the numerous and exciting growth opportunities available to us in a measured and disciplined way.

 

In relation to the COVID-19 pandemic, we continue to monitor the developing situation closely and heed the advice of governments in our various jurisdictions. As we stand, whilst we are all still in the early stages of understanding the wider impact of the virus, management does not currently anticipate a negative impact on the business.

 

Historically, in times of economic uncertainty, the volume of disputes generally increases, and there is typically a greater reluctance by corporates to fund them. One might also expect an increase in the number of bankruptcies and liquidations and in each of these scenarios, it is logical that LCM would see an increase in opportunities across its three strategies.

 

With a burgeoning global infrastructure in place, an increasingly diversified portfolio and a strong pipeline supported by a robust balance sheet, third-party funds and growing pool of the best talent in the industry, while the nature of LCM's business model means that returns will not always result in a linear growth pattern, the Board is confident the Company will continue to grow and deliver strong returns.

 

Patrick Moloney, CEO of LCM, commented: "In the first half, LCM has continued to strengthen its market position in all of the geographies we operate. The development of our corporate portfolio strategy is gaining significant traction and already paying dividends in an area where we are a global leader in the provision of portfolio financing to corporate clients. With the first close of LCM's US$150 million fund we are well placed to significantly increase the portfolio of investments under management, enabling LCM to expand its business in all of the geographies in which we operate. The launch of the fund in parallel with direct balance sheet investments signals the transition of the business into a global alternate asset manager."

 

Nick Rowles-Davies, Executive Vice Chairman of LCM, added: "Momentum in corporate portfolio opportunities has increased in the first half with the Fund now enabling LCM to invest in larger corporate portfolio transactions which have previously been beyond the capacity of our balance sheet. This provides an important catalyst for the ongoing development of LCM's corporate portfolio strategy."

 

To access the investor presentation and watch a short video of Patrick Moloney and Nick Rowles-Davies summarising the results please click here .

 

The analyst briefing at 09:30 today, 17 March 2020, will now be held via conference call. Please contact [email protected] for instructions on how to connect.

 

As a result of unprecedented global events leading to heightened border controls, CEO Patrick Moloney returned from London to Sydney over the weekend and was therefore unable to proceed with in-person presentation arrangements. Please direct any questions you may have to [email protected] .

 

 

ENQUIRIES

 

 

 

Litigation Capital Management

c/o Alma PR 

Patrick Moloney, Chief Executive Officer

 

 

Nick Rowles-Davies, Executive Vice Chairman

 

 

 

 

Canaccord (Nomad and Joint Broker) 

Tel: 020 7523 8000

Bobbie Hilliam

 

 

 

Investec Bank plc (Joint Broker)

Tel: 020 7597 5970

David Anderson

 

 

 

 

 

Alma PR

Tel: 020 3405 0205

Rebecca Sanders-Hewett

[email protected]

Justine James

 

David Ison

 

 

 

Operational review

 

The first half of FY20 has been a period of sustained progress and delivery against our six principles of growth and focus to:

 

· Ensure the natural diversity of our pipeline of opportunities to build on our diverse portfolio of investments

· Maintain the discipline of underwriting quality investments as a key driver to delivering high returns

· Identify additional strategic alliances in the market with similar values to innovative development

· Continue to cement our position as leading the global market in corporate portfolio transactions

· Build on the progress of international expansion both in current jurisdictions and new territories

· Utilise LCM's growing balance sheet of permanent capital, and the newly established US$150 million third-party fund (LCM Global Alternative Returns Fund)

 

LCM currently operates two business models. The first is direct investments made from LCM's permanent balance sheet capital. The second is funds and/or asset management. Under those two business models, LCM currently pursues three investment strategies:

 

Single-case funding: The first and currently largest strategy, is single-case funding. That is, the investment in a single dispute. This is a strategy that LCM has maintained since its inception (through its predecessor company) 21 years ago. Currently, the majority of LCM's investments are in single-case investments.

 

Corporate portfolio funding: The second strategy pursued by LCM is in corporate portfolio funding. That is, the funding of a bundle of single disputes in which LCM's capital investment is collaterally secured against the proceeds of the entire corporate portfolio. LCM is an emerging global leader in the provision of corporate portfolio financing to corporate clients.

 

Acquisitions of Claims: The third strategy is the investment in smaller disputes (typically insolvency-based) through the acquisition or assignment of the underlying cause of action.

 

LCM generates its revenue from both its direct investments and also performance fees through asset management.

 

HY20 and the start of H2 has been a productive period for the development of LCM's international expansion with growth in London and Singapore building on the established platform that Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane provide to the Group. The HY20 results demonstrate clear growth in LCM's business and is a reflection of investment decisions made in prior periods.

 

Looking ahead, the first close of the US$150 million LCM Global Alternative Returns Fund as an alternate source of capital for investment provides a more robust platform for LCM to grow its business with the objective of also providing shareholders with significant financial returns over time with reduced capital risk. The launch of LCM's fund management business to operate alongside its direct balance sheet investments signals the transition of the business into an alternate asset manager specialising in investments relating to the global disputes market.  

 

Current portfolio

 

LCM's direct investments are currently funded 100% from the Company's balance sheet, and the direct investment portfolio currently comprises 24 separate investments, two of which comprise corporate portfolios. LCM's balance sheet is unlevered and operates with no debt. The mix of LCM's corporate portfolio via sector includes class actions, international arbitrations, commercial disputes, insolvency and corporate portfolios. LCM continues to maintain an investment strategy which involves balance and diversity across industry sectors as well as capital commitment. Whilst each of the individual investments are uncorrelated to economic cycles, political influence, financial markets or each other, LCM maintains a healthy balance across sectors. Additionally, LCM manages its portfolio investments such as to ensure that one particular single-case investment does not dominate its capital commitment. Through a diverse portfolio, LCM ensures that its risk is not concentrated in one single-case investment.

 

The balance sheet portfolio has a current total estimated capital commitment of A$96 million. Of that, LCM has funded A$37 million. This leaves a balance funding commitment, to be invested progressively over the next three years, of approximately A$59 million. With the capital tools presently available, the Company is confident that the total direct investment portfolio can be funded from existing and organically generated capital.

 

Single-case investment settlements

 

In HY20, LCM resolved three single-case investments, all of which were Australian-based projects. Combined revenue derived from those resolutions was A$14.0 million and contributed to LCM's gross profit of approximately A$7.1 million. Of those resolutions cash has been received of A$6.2 million and the remaining revenue is expected to be received before the end of the current financial year.

 

LCM achieved a partial resolution in its first enforcement project, generating a revenue of A$0.9million and a contribution towards gross profit of approximately A$0.7 million. The balance of the recovery proceedings continues in various jurisdictions and the team is confident with respect to the ultimate outcome of that investment.

 

Single-case investments have been a fundamental part of our business model since LCM's inception and the settlement of these respective disputes reinforces the ongoing opportunity and demand for investment in such cases.

 

LCM is confident that the single-case investments will generate profitable outcomes in line with prior performance. This confidence is further underpinned by the visibility on these cases as they progress and mature well through the court or arbitral process.

 

Corporate portfolio funding - a corporate finance product

 

Perhaps the most significant development in the period was the traction gained in corporate portfolio funding.

 

LCM entered this new market in 2019, funding two corporate portfolios from 15 applications in that period. Put into context, LCM outperformed its peers globally in this market with the two portfolios, highlighting the nascent nature of this market but one in which LCM is already witnessing significant opportunity.

 

In HY20, LCM resolved two disputes in its construction and building portfolio, out of the original portfolio of seven. LCM has invested total capital of c A$4.3 million, of which the two resolved disputes have generated revenue to LCM of A$8.6 million and provided a contribution to LCM's gross profit of A$4.3 million.

 

The portfolio currently contains five unresolved disputes which LCM is funding. As communicated to the market, LCM anticipated that the financial metrics of corporate portfolios would generate an approximate return on invested capital of 100%. So far, the building and construction portfolio is providing a return commensurate with that model. LCM is also considering the inclusion of two additional disputes into the existing portfolio which are subject to due diligence and underwriting considerations. LCM is pleased with the performance of its first corporate portfolio, and although it is yet to reach a conclusion, it has allowed LCM to generate healthy profits at far lower risk.

 

LCM has also resolved its first matter in the aviation portfolio, providing a credit facility to fund the prosecution of a number of commercial disputes. Originally, the facility was funding a total of 38 disputes. The term of the facility is five years and involves a profit split of recoveries. To date, LCM has invested capital of A$0.4 million and has received revenue of A$0.6 million. This revenue figure has contributed A$0.2 million of gross profit for the period. With respect to the aviation portfolio, consideration is also being given to the inclusion of further disputes.

 

Having further strengthened its team, LCM is the global leader in this innovative new area of litigation finance, where capital is invested across a number of an organisation's legal cases as opposed to a single one. This provides the organisation with several financial benefits while reducing risk for both parties and providing the investor with a generally steadier income stream.

 

The London team, which drives LCM's corporate portfolio offering, made excellent progress, generating material returns in a remarkably short space of time. Revenue generated from the newly established London office accounted for almost half of all Group revenues in the first half, which is a great achievement from a near standing start. While this should not be extrapolated or used to predict the revenue split going forwards, it demonstrates tangible progress and supports our view that corporate portfolio funding is a key growth area.

 

A significant contributing factor to the Group's success in the space has been our proactive, rather than reactive approach to origination. As an example, with corporates now exercising much greater cost control and demanding more creative and alternative pricing arrangements of their legal service providers, we have been working hard to educate law firms globally as to the value of our corporate portfolio funding offering. To date the reception has been good - more and more law firms now see us as a trusted adviser in the corporate finance space, capable of helping them maintain and win new business in what is an increasingly challenging marketplace. While thus far we have only really scratched the surface in terms of creating new investment opportunities on this front, it is a channel that is already showing real promise.

 

Looking forward, the corporate portfolio funding team is engaged in due diligence on a number of significant new projects in the corporate portfolio space and have a high-quality, increasingly diverse pipeline that continues to grow.

 

Acquisition of claims

 

This strategy was conceived as a result of two factors: the first is based on a single-case investment strategy which has limitations in terms of claims size as the economics of providing single-case funding prevents LCM funding claims under A$6 million to A$7 million in damages size as the economics of funding single-case investments at the lower end of the range are not attractive. The second is a result of changes recently made to the insolvency laws in both Australia and the United Kingdom which permitted insolvency practitioners, for the first time, to sell or assign statutory causes of action.

 

A combination of these observations enabled LCM to develop a strategy whereby smaller claims or disputes which traditionally did not meet its single-case investment strategy or were by necessity in the hands of an insolvency practitioner, became available for acquisition or assignment. In circumstances where those claims or causes or action were acquired and assigned to LCM as principle it would have complete control over the claim and thus the economics made the investments viable.

 

To date, the acquisition of claims strategy has shown very significant potential. Since the pilot programme commenced in May 2019, 96 separate applications have been received and considered. Those applications have largely been received from insolvency practitioners in the jurisdictions of Australia and the United Kingdom. Those applications have resulted in nine matters being signed up to date, seven are in Australia and two in the United Kingdom.

 

Notably, LCM anticipates that the investment period will be significantly shorter than single-case investment strategy.

 

International overview

 

APAC

 

LCM continues to strengthen its market position in the geographies in which it operates. In LCM's founding markets of Australasia, it continues to see strong demand for its finance products, particularly in single-case funding both with respect to litigious disputes and international arbitration. 

 

During HY20, 90 separate applications were considered in APAC. Of those applications, two were for corporate portfolio facilities. Not only is the level of applications growing in number, they are also growing in quality and first time in LCM's history it is seeing the first applications for corporate portfolios coming from APAC. Historically, corporate portfolio activity only occurred in the Northern Hemisphere, most notably the UK and North America.

 

Having established a permanent presence in Singapore in late 2018, of particular note in APAC is the increase in the number and quality of applications received through this office during the six-month period and continuing into 2020. The level of activity in this region has increased to such an extent that consideration will need to be given during the next financial period to increasing LCM's team of investment managers in this location.

 

In addition to increased activities, the Singapore government has signalled it is considering expanding the types of disputes to which litigation finance can be applied. Currently, and pursuant to legislation passed in 2017, litigation finance products can be used in both insolvency and international arbitration in the jurisdictions of both Singapore and Hong Kong. Recently, the Singapore government has considered expanding those categories to domestic arbitral disputes as well as litigious disputes adjudicated through the Singapore International Commercial Court (SICC). Such changes would expand the investment opportunities in relation to both single case and corporate portfolios in the jurisdiction of Singapore. Further, LCM would expect, over time that if the changes occur in Singapore that the Hong Kong Legislative Council will follow.

 

Whilst Singapore goes from strength to strength, Hong Kong has seen more subdued activity over the past six months due to the political protests which have plagued Hong Kong and general civil unrest. Over time LCM expects the unrest to settle and the market and general dispute activity within the jurisdiction of Hong Kong to increase. With an existing presence in the region, LCM is poised to take advantage of that opportunity.

 

UK/EMEA

 

During the six-month period, 98 separate applications were received from EMEA. It is important to note those applications are all received and initially considered through LCM's London office. The volume of applications received during that six-month period demonstrates the importance of London as a global disputes centre and also a hub for the litigation finance industry. The strength of LCM's London office also fortifies the view that greater opportunity for investments in disputes arises in the larger and more developed global economies. Whilst LCM has a long history in APAC, the quality and number of applications now being received through the London office is already very similar to the markets where LCM has operated for over 20 years.

 

Notably, of the 98 separate applications, 10 were for corporate portfolios. As anticipated, LCM is seeing a measured but steady demand for disputes finance by large, sophisticated and well-capitalised corporates. Those applications range across industry sectors such as building and construction, oil and gas, infrastructure, commodities trading, aviation and outsourcing. By and large, those industries operate with high volume but low margins, where disputes expenditure has a significant and detrimental effect on a corporation's profitability. Those corporate portfolio applications also represent larger investment opportunities with less capital risk.

 

Of the 10 applications received from EMEA, the potential investment size ranged from A$7 million through to A$36 million. Portfolio finance, therefore, provides LCM with an opportunity to invest greater capital at lower overall risk. LCM also anticipates the formation of enduring relationships as a result of providing a finance solution to corporates. These relationships are far more valuable to an ongoing business than single-case investments.

 

New territories

 

The Board continues to monitor opportunities in new jurisdictions and territories closely, including North America. The US is the largest litigation market globally but the least penetrated by the litigation finance industry, meaning there is enormous potential for growth.

 

The Board would only ever consider entry into a new jurisdiction or territory once satisfied it is the correct strategic fit, and not before the right senior hires are in place. Any decision of such kind would be underpinned by a rigorous due diligence process prior, as was the case before LCM established its Singapore and London operations.

 

US$150 million fund (post-period event)

 

On 10 March 2020, LCM announced the first close of a new third-party fund of USD$150 million, the LCM Global Alternative Returns Fund. The first close of the Fund raised USD$140 million leaving USD$10 million of commitments to finalise. The close of this Fund marks LCM's return to managing third-party funds, following the building of a permanent source of balance sheet capital through the equity markets.  The raising of this significant pool of third‑party capital is part of LCM's stated strategy to manage not only its own balance sheet capital but also third‑party capital. LCM acts as a fund manager in respect of those third-party funds.

 

In terms of LCM's overall business, the additional capital supplied by the Fund will enable LCM to significantly increase the portfolio of investments under its management. It will allow LCM to expand its business in all geographies in which it operates. In addition, the Fund will permit LCM to invest in larger corporate portfolio transactions which have previously been beyond the capacity of LCM's stand-alone balance sheet. That will provide an important catalyst to the development of LCM's corporate portfolio strategy.

 

The dominant cornerstone investors in the Fund are US-based, large sophisticated blue chip investors and comprise a large University endowment fund and a global investment bank. Each have had very significant investment experience in the litigation finance sector. The size of their investments and their choice of LCM as a fund manager both endorses LCM's disciplined investment approach and its track record and the asset class more generally. The balance of smaller investors in the Fund are also highly experienced investors in the litigation finance sector with one investor managing a pool of capital solely devoted to investments in litigation finance.

 

LCM has a co-funding right with the Fund. All qualifying investment opportunities will be funded as to 75% by the Fund and 25% via LCM's balance sheet. LCM will receive the entire economic benefit of its 25% direct balance sheet investment and a performance fee in respect of the Fund investment in recognition of its management of that pool of capital. In respect of its profit split, LCM will receive 25% of the profit over a soft return hurdle of 8% and in addition an outperformance fee of 35% of all profits over an IRR of 20%. Importantly, that performance fee will be payable to LCM as fund manager on the basis of a deal-by-deal waterfall.

 

The Fund will have a term of six years including an inception period of two years, during which investments can be made. LCM seeded the Fund with nine single-case investments which include international arbitrations, class actions, commercial disputes and investor-state treaty claims. These investments are not being seeded from LCM's existing balance sheet portfolio which LCM will continue to manage. The total initial capital commitment of the Fund will be approximately USD$33 million representing a total commitment of the Fund on day one of approximately 22%. LCM remains confident that it will fully commit the Fund well inside the inception period.

 

LCM believes that the first closure of the Fund and more particular the nature of the investors in the Fund will lead to a long-term investing relationship. Each of the cornerstone investors has entrenched rights to participate in LCM's next two funds which provides a strong base from which LCM can build out a large and global third-party fund management business.

 

LCM believes that not only is the establishment of the Fund an important alternate source of capital for investment allowing LCM to grow its business but will is expected to provide shareholders with significant financial returns over time with reduced capital risk. LCM is excited at the prospect of establishing a fund management business to operate alongside its direct balance sheet investments.

 

Strategic alliances

 

In March 2019, LCM entered into a strategic alliance with an international law firm with a large disputes practice, which involved LCM working in a collaborative fashion with the global law firm providing innovative and solutions-based disputes funding products to the firms' clients. In return, LCM received a first right of refusal on all opportunities generated with the firms' clients. This alliance has proved to be an exceptionally valuable resource to both parties. Through the strategic alliance, LCM has received some 30 individual applications from the global network. Those applications have included both single-case investments as well as corporate portfolios. Notably the aviation corporate portfolio was originated through that strategic alliance and an additional three single-case investments have been entered into from those applications. Many more applications are the subject of due diligence and/or negotiation of commercial terms.

 

As a result of the success of the first strategic alliance, LCM has entered into a second strategic alliance with a global international law firm specialising in disputes. This alliance has commenced on a trial basis in Australia and in due course consideration will be given to expanding the relationship globally. Although the relationship is in its initial stages, it has already generated applications for corporate portfolio funding in the building and construction sector. LCM expects that the global alliance will be as valuable and as productive relationship as the existing strategic alliance.

 

LCM looks forward to a strong and collaborative relationship with those global firms.

 

HY20 Financials

 

The HY20 results demonstrate clear growth in LCM's business and reflect investment decisions made some time prior. LCM's due diligence and underwriting process have not changed over the recent period and as such LCM's ability to generate revenue from its investments reflects two dynamics:

 

The first is the ability to originate quality investment opportunities and the second is having the capital available to invest in those opportunities. With that in mind, LCM's financial performance during HY20 is a result of investment decisions made and capital invested both derived from the original IPO on the ASX and organically generated capital to that point. Financial year 2020 is the last year of harvesting investment revenue from a period of capital restraint. Beyond 2020, LCM will begin to see the benefits of investments made as a result of the equity raised upon admission to AIM together with the reinvestment of organically generated capital.

 

When considering interim financial performance, it is prudent to recognise that LCM's revenue trends can be somewhat lumpy and as such, financial performance during an interim period may not necessarily be indicative of full year results. Similarly, investing in disputes is not a seasonal activity. The resolution of LCM's investments may occur in one financial period or another. This revenue profile makes it prudent for LCM to pay its dividend annually. No interim dividend is, therefore, being announced by the Company. It should not be interpreted that this decision is due to a lack of confidence in our ability to deliver sound full year results.

 

With the above observations in mind, LCM's financial performance for HY20, when compared to HY19, is strong with gross revenue and gross profits from investments more than double. Gross revenue for HY20 is A$24.1 million, as compared to revenue in HY19 of A$11.7 million. In terms of gross profit, the half year to 31 December 2019 yielded A$12.2 million, when compared with the HY19 result of A$5.7 million. Statutory profit before tax is A$6.7 million, as compared with HY19 of A$1.0 million.

 

LCM expanded significantly its operational reach into the Northern Hemisphere during the second half of the 2019 financial year. Given LCM's expansion it is important to compare HY20 operating expenses with this period. The operating expenses of LCM as a business during HY20 were A$5.4 million compared to the second half of 2019 which were A$5.2 million. It is noteworthy that no significant increase has occurred with respect to operating expenses on a like-for-like basis, of particular note with the growth in size of the portfolio under management.

 

As at 31 December 2019, LCM had invested A$34.0 million in litigation finance projects as compared to the end of FY19 at A$27.4 million and the end of FY18 of A$13.9 million.

 

LCM ended the financial period HY20 with $34.7 million in cash and receivables of A$22.0 million. Such resources demonstrate LCM's ability to generate organic capital growth over a short investment period.

 

Dividend

 

LCM has not announced an interim dividend despite its positive performance for the interim period. LCM's dividend level will be assessed during H2 when visibility is achieved on the full financial period. For the period to 31 December 2019, the Board has further evaluated the predictability of the visibility of earnings in each first half period and notwithstanding the strong financial performance in HY20 has deemed it prudent to move to a final dividend for the year ending 30 June 2020. The Board believes this to be judicious at this point in LCM's growth and recognises that the revenue trends that it experiences will become more predictable as the Company transitions into a global alternate asset manager.

 

Current trading and outlook

 

LCM moves forward as an alternate asset manager specialising in investments relating to the global disputes market with two complementary business models: direct investment from the Company's balance sheet and asset management following the first close of the US$150m fund. In the second half, we will continue to execute our strategy of growing and diversifying our portfolio by investment activity and geography, taking advantage of the numerous and exciting growth opportunities available to us in a measured and disciplined way.

 

In relation to the COVID-19 pandemic, we continue to monitor the developing situation closely and heed the advice of governments in our various jurisdictions. As we stand, whilst we are all still in the early stages of understanding the wider impact of the virus, management does not currently anticipate a negative impact on the business.

 

Historically, in times of economic uncertainty, the volume of disputes generally increases, and there is typically a greater reluctance to finance them. One might also expect an increase in the number of bankruptcies and liquidations and in each of these scenarios, it is logical that LCM would see an increase in opportunities across its three strategies.

 

With a burgeoning global infrastructure in place, an increasingly diversified portfolio and a strong pipeline supported by a robust balance sheet, third-party funds and growing pool of the best talent in the industry, while the nature of LCM's business model means that returns will not always result in a linear growth pattern, the Board is confident the Company will continue to grow and deliver strong returns.

 

 

 

Litigation Capital Management Limited

Consolidated statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income

For the period ended 31 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ended 31 December

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Litigation service revenue

 

 

 

 

5

  24,064

 

  11,714

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  24,064

 

  11,714

Litigation service expense

 

 

 

 

 

  (11,828)

 

  (6,048)

Gross margin

 

 

 

 

 

  12,236

 

  5,666

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income

 

 

 

 

 

  634

 

  301

Interest income

 

 

 

 

 

  19

 

  27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 

 

  (2,096)

 

  (1,806)

Legal and professional fees

 

 

 

 

  (278)

 

  (546)

Depreciation expense

 

 

 

 

 

  (37)

 

  (13)

IPO and other transaction costs

 

 

 

  -

 

  (233)

Employee benefits expense

 

 

 

 

  (3,751)

 

  (2,247)

Foreign exchange loss

 

 

 

 

 

  -

 

  (103)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  (6,162)

 

  (4,948)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before income tax expense

 

 

 

  6,727

 

  1,046

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense

 

 

 

 

6

  (1,895)

 

  (227)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit after income tax expense for the period

 

 

  4,832

 

  819

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

  - 

 

  - 

Total comprehensive income for the period

 

 

4,832

 

819

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit for the period is attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Owners of Litigation Capital Management Limited

 

 

4,810

 

823

Non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

22

 

(4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,832

 

819

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the period is attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

Owners of Litigation Capital Management Limited

 

 

4,810

 

823

Non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

22

 

(4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,832

 

819

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cents

 

Cents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

 

 

 

 

11

  4.60

 

  1.30

Diluted earnings per share

 

 

 

 

11

  4.29

 

  1.26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refer to note 3 for detailed information on Restatement of comparatives.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes
 

Litigation Capital Management Limited

Consolidated statement of financial position

As at 31 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited

 

Audited

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December

 

30 June

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note

2019

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

34,741

 

49,119

Trade and other receivables

 

 

 

7

21,953

 

7,266

Contract costs

 

 

 

 

8

7,425

 

8,910

Other assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

592

 

693

Total current assets

 

 

 

 

 

64,711

 

65,988

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract costs

 

 

 

 

8

27,019

 

18,476

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

215

 

216

Intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

82

 

64

Total non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

27,316

 

18,756

Total assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

92,027

 

84,744

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other payables

 

 

 

 

 

  8,163

 

  6,689

Employee benefits

 

 

 

 

 

  739

 

  986

Total current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

  8,902

 

  7,675

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax

 

 

 

 

 

9

2,655

 

760

Employee benefits

 

 

 

 

 

75

 

70

Total non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

2,730

 

830

Total liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

11,632

 

8,505

Net assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

80,395

 

76,239

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issued capital

 

 

 

 

 

68,830

 

68,830

Share-based payments reserve

 

 

12

779

 

569

Retained earnings

 

 

 

 

 

10,742

 

6,818

Equity attributable to the owners of Litigation Capital Management Limited

 

80,351

 

76,217

Non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

44

 

22

Total equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

80,395

 

76,239

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above statement of financial position should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes

 

 

Litigation Capital Management Limited

Consolidated statements of changes in equity

For the period ended 31 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based

Non-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issued

Retained

payments

controlling

 

Total

 

 

 

 

capital

earnings

reserve

interests

 

equity

Unaudited six months ended 31 December 2018

$'000

$'000

$'000

$'000

 

$'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 July 2018

 

 

24,865

239

292

26

 

25,422

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit/(loss) for the period

 

 

-

823

-

(4)

 

819

Other comprehensive income

-

-

-

-

 

-

Total comprehensive income for the period

-

823

-

(4)

 

819

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transactions with owners in their capacity as owners:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contributions of equity, net of transaction costs

43,965

-

-

-

 

43,965

Share-based payments

 

 

-

-

77

-

 

77

Balance at 31 December 2018

68,830

1,062

369

22

 

70,283

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based

Non-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issued

Retained

payments

controlling

 

Total

 

 

 

 

capital

earnings

reserve

interests

 

equity

Unaudited six months ended 31 December 2019

$'000

$'000

$'000

$'000

 

$'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 July 2019

 

 

68,830

6,818

569

22

 

76,239

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit/(loss) for the period

 

 

-

4,810

-

22

 

4,832

Other comprehensive income

-

-

-

-

 

-

Total comprehensive income for the period

-

4,810

-

22

 

4,832

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transactions with owners in their capacity as owners:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based payments

 

 

-

-

210

-

 

210

Dividends paid

 

 

-

(886)

-

-

 

(886)

Balance at 31 December 2019

68,830

10,742

779

44

 

80,395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above statement of changes in equity should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes

 

 

Litigation Capital Management Limited

Consolidated statements of cash flows

For the period ended 31 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ended 31 December

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from litigation contracts - settlements, fees and reimbursements

 

  9,201

 

  10,995

Payments to suppliers and employees

 

 

 

  (23,237)

 

  (16,259)

Interest received

 

 

 

 

 

  19

 

  26

Net cash (used in)/from operating activities

 

 

 

  (14,017)

 

  (5,238)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payments for property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

  (40)

 

  (57)

Payments for intangibles

 

 

 

 

 

  (12)

 

  -

Payments for security deposits

 

 

 

  (1)

 

  -

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

 

  (53)

 

  (57)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issue of shares

 

 

 

  -

 

  46,880

Share issue transaction costs

 

 

 

  -

 

  (2,768)

Dividends paid

 

 

 

 

 

  (874)

 

  -

Payments for fund establishment costs

 

 

 

  (296)

 

  -

Net cash (used in)/from financing activities

 

 

 

  (1,170)

 

  44,112

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

  (15,240)

 

  38,817

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the financial period

 

  49,119

 

  13,787

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

  862

 

  -

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the financial period

 

 

  34,741

 

  52,604

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The above statement of cash flows should be read in conjunction with the accompanying notes
 

 

Litigation Capital Management Limited

Notes to the financial statements

31 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note 1

General information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The financial statements cover Litigation Capital Management Limited (the 'Company') as a Group consisting of Litigation Capital Management Limited and the entities it controlled at the end of, or during, the year (referred to as the 'Group'). The financial statements are presented in Australian dollars, which is Litigation Capital Management Limited's functional and presentation currency.

Litigation Capital Management Limited was admitted onto the Alternative Investment Market ('AIM') on 19 December 2018.

Litigation Capital Management Limited is a listed public company limited by shares, incorporated and domiciled in Australia. Its registered office and principal place of business is:

Level 12, The Chifley Tower
2 Chifley Square
Sydney NSW 2000

A description of the nature of the Group's operations and its principal activities are included in the Directors' report, which is not part of the financial statements.
 
The financial statements were authorised for issue, in accordance with a resolution of Directors, on 17 March 2020. The Directors have the power to amend and reissue the financial statements.

 

Note 2

Significant accounting policies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These consolidated financial statements are general purpose financial statements for the interim reporting period ended 31 December 2019 have been prepared in accordance with the Corporations Act 2001 and Australian Accounting Standard AASB 134 Interim Financial Reporting.

These interim financial statements do not include all the notes of the type normally included in annual financial statements. Accordingly, these financial statements are to be read in conjunction with the annual report for the year ended 30 June 2019 and any public announcements made by the Company during the interim reporting period.

 

 

New or amended Accounting Standards and Interpretations adopted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Group has adopted all of the new or amended Accounting Standards and Interpretations issued by the Australian Accounting Standards Board ('AASB') that are mandatory for the current reporting period.

Any new or amended Accounting Standards or Interpretations that are not yet mandatory have not been early adopted.

Other than as described below, the adoption of these Accounting Standards and Interpretations did not have any significant impact on the financial performance or position of the Group.

The following Accounting Standards and Interpretations are most relevant to the Group:

 

 

AASB 16 Leases
 

The Group has adopted AASB 16 from 1 July 2019 using the transitional rules not to restate comparatives. The standard replaces AASB 117 'Leases' and for lessees will eliminate the classifications of operating leases and finance leases. Subject to exceptions, a 'right-of-use' asset will be capitalised in the statement of financial position, measured at the present value of the unavoidable future lease payments to be made over the lease term. The exceptions relate to short-term leases of 12 months or less and leases of low-value assets (such as personal computers and small office furniture) where an accounting policy choice exists whereby either a 'right-of-use' asset is recognised or lease payments are expensed to profit or loss as incurred. A liability corresponding to the capitalised lease will also be recognised, adjusted for lease prepayments, lease incentives received, initial direct costs incurred and an estimate of any future restoration, removal or dismantling costs. Straight-line operating lease expense recognition will be replaced with a depreciation charge for the leased asset (included in operating costs) and an interest expense on the recognised lease liability (included in finance costs). In the earlier periods of the lease, the expenses associated with the lease under AASB 16 will be higher when compared to lease expenses under AASB 117. However EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation) results will be improved as the operating expense is replaced by interest expense and depreciation in profit or loss under AASB 16. For classification within the statement of cash flows, the lease payments will be separated into both a principal (financing activities) and interest (either operating or financing activities) component. For lessor accounting, the standard does not substantially change how a lessor accounts for leases.

 

Impact of adoption: There was no change to carrying amounts on adoption of AASB 16 as at the transition date, in respect of the Group's operating leases over premises. The Group has elected to apply the recognition exemption for short-term leases permitting lease payments to be expensed for leases with a term of less than 12 months.

 

 

 

 

                              

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AASB Interpretation 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments
The Group has adopted AASB Interpretation 23 from 1 July 2019. The Interpretation clarifies the application of the recognition and measurement criteria in AASB 112 Income Taxes where there is uncertainty over income tax treatments. The Interpretation specifically addresses the following: a) whether an entity considers uncertain tax treatments separately, b) the assumptions an entity makes about the examination of tax treatments by taxation authorities, c) how an entity determines taxable profit (tax loss), tax bases, unused tax losses, unused tax credits and tax rates and d) how an entity considers changes in facts and circumstances.

 

Impact of adoption: There was no impact on adoption of AASB Interpretation 23 as at the transition date.

 

The principal accounting policies adopted are consistent with those of the previous financial year and corresponding interim reporting period, except for the policies stated below.

 

Note 3

Restatement of comparatives

 

The Group's litigation contracts principally generate revenue on the successful management and financing of litigation projects. The Group adopted AASB 15 Contract Assets from 1 July 2018.

Previously, under AASB 15, revenue was recognised over time and limited to costs incurred. Revenue was accounted for on this basis in the half-year financial report for the period ended 31 December 2018.

Subsequently in the preparation of the annual financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2019 the directors re-assessed this approach and determined that litigation services revenue should not be recognised until the successful completion of the litigation project i.e., complete satisfaction of the performance obligation.  On this basis, revenue is not recognised over time and instead recognised at the point in time the Group satisfies the performance obligation.

This has resulted in a reclassification between revenue and costs of $6,787,000 for the period ended 31 December 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The table below reflects the restatement of comparatives for the Group's statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income for the period ended 31 December 2018:

 

Statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December 2018

 

31 December 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

$'000

$'000

 

Extract

 

 

 

 

Reported

Adjustment

Restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

 

 

 

 

Litigation service revenue

 

 

 

18,501

(6,787)

11,714

 

Litigation service expense

 

 

 

(12,834)

6,787

(6,048)

 

Gross margin

 

 

 

5,666

 

5,666

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

Profit before income tax for the period

 

1,046

-

1,046

 

Net profit for the period

 

 

 

819

-

819

 

                            

 

There has been no effect on the statement of financial position or statement of cash flows for the comparative period.

Reclassification

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparatives in the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income has been realigned to current period presentation. There has been no effect on the net assets or profit for the period.

Note 4

Operating segments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Group's operating segments are based on the internal reports that are reviewed and used by the Board of Directors (who are identified as the Chief Operating Decision Makers ('CODM')) in assessing performance and in determining the allocation of resources.

The Directors have determined that there is one operating segment. The information reported to the CODM is the consolidated results of the Group. On this basis, the operating segment information is the same information as provided throughout the consolidated financial statements and are therefore not duplicated.

Note 5

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ended 31 December

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

 

Major service lines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Litigation service revenue

 

 

 

 

 

24,064

 

11,714

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,064

 

11,714

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geographical regions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,878

 

11,714

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

9,186

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,064

 

11,714

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract duration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 1 year

 

 

 

 

 

631

 

1,955

 

1-4 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,381

 

9,758

 

More than 4 years

 

 

 

 

 

4,052

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,064

 

11,713

 

                            

 

Note 6

Income tax expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ended 31 December

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

Numerical reconciliation of income tax expense and tax at the statutory rate

 

 

 

Profit before income tax expense

 

 

 

6,727

 

820

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax at the statutory tax rate of 27.5% (2018: 27.5%)

 

 

1,850

 

226

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax effect amounts which are not deductible/(taxable) in calculating taxable income:

 

 

 

 

Share-based payments

 

 

 

58

 

-

 

Other non-deductible expenses

 

 

 

-

 

-

 

Unrealised foreign exchange

 

 

 

(171)

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,738

 

230

Adjustment to deferred tax balances as a result of change in statutory tax rate

 

157

 

(4)

Income tax expense

 

 

 

 

 

1,895

 

226

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statutory tax rate of 27.5% is applicable to Australian entities with aggregated turnover below $50 million for the year ended 30 June 2020.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note 7

Current assets - trade and other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

months ended

 

Audited year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December

 

30 June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Due from completion of litigation service

 

 

 

21,944

 

7,266

 

Other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21,953

 

7,266

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts due from completion of litigation service relate to recoveries on litigation projects that have achieved a partial resolution or that have successfully completed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allowance for expected credit losses
The Group has recognised a loss of $nil (2019: $nil) in profit or loss in respect of the expected credit losses for the period ended 31 December 2019.

Note 8

Contract costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

months ended

 

Audited year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December

 

30 June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract costs - litigation contracts

 

 

 

33,998

 

27,386

Contract costs - incremental costs

 

 

 

446

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

34,444

 

27,386

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of litigation contract costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of the contract costs (current and non-current) at the beginning and end of the current period and previous financial year are set out below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening balance

 

 

 

 

 

27,386

 

13,914

Additions during the period

 

 

 

 

 

18,440

 

27,838

Litigation service expense - successful contracts1

 

 

(11,826)

 

(14,189)

Litigation service expense - write down2

 

 

 

(2)

 

(177)

Closing balance

 

 

 

 

 

33,998

 

27,386

 

1Contract costs amortised upon the successful completion of the litigation contract

2Due diligence costs written off upon determining that the litigation contract would not be pursued further

                       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

months ended

 

Audited year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December

 

30 June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,425

 

8,910

Non-current

 

 

 

 

 

 

27,019

 

18,476

Closing balance

 

 

 

 

 

34,444

 

27,386

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note 9

Deferred taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

months ended

 

Audited year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 December

 

30 June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

Deferred tax asset/(liability)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax asset/(liability) comprises temporary differences attributable to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts recognised in profit or loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax losses carried forward

 

 

 

 

6,128

 

5,761

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

-

Employee benefits

 

 

 

 

 

245

 

316

Accrued expenses

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

7

Contract costs - litigation contracts

 

 

 

(10,200)

 

(8,216)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,818)

 

(2,132)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts recognised in equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transaction costs on share issue

 

 

 

1,163

 

1,372

Deferred tax asset/(liability)

 

 

 

 

 

(2,655)

 

(760)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Movements:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening balance

 

 

 

 

 

(760)

 

1,011

Charged to profit or loss

 

 

 

 

 

(1,895)

 

(3,039)

Credited to equity

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

1,268

Closing balance

 

 

 

 

 

(2,655)

 

(760)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note 10

Contingent liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The majority of the Group's funding agreements contain a contractual indemnity from the Group to the funded party that the Group will pay adverse costs awarded to the successful party in respect of costs incurred during the period of funding, should the client's litigation be unsuccessful. The Group's position is that for the majority of litigation projects which are subject to funding, the Group enters insurance arrangements which lessen or eliminate the impact of such awards and therefore any adverse costs order exposure.

 

Note 11

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unaudited six months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ended 31 December

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$'000

 

$'000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit after income tax

 

 

 

 

 

4,832

 

823

 

Non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

(22)

 

(4)

 

Profit after income tax attributable to the owners of Litigation Capital Management Limited

4,810

 

819

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number

 

Number

 

Weighted average number of ordinary shares used in calculating basic earnings per share

104,580,899

 

62,900,125

 

Adjustments for calculation of diluted earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts uncalled on partly paid shares and calls in arrears

 

2,559,326

 

-

 

 

Options over ordinary shares

 

 

 

4,951,124

 

2,000,837

 

Weighted average number of ordinary shares used in calculating diluted earnings per share

112,091,349

 

64,900,962

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cents

 

Cents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

4.60

 

1.30

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

4.29

 

1.26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dilutive potential shares which are contingently issuable are only included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share where the conditions are met.

 

Note 12

Share-based payments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee share scheme

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An equity scheme has been established by the Group, whereby the Group may, at the discretion of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee, issue shares in the Company to certain key management personnel of the Group. The shares under the scheme are issued at the exercise price by granting a limited recourse loan. The shares are restricted until the loan is repaid. These shares are recorded as treasury shares representing a deduction against issued capital. Accordingly, the underlying options have been accounted for as a share-based payments. The options are issued over a 1-3 year vesting period. Vesting conditions include satisfaction of customary continuous employment with the Group and may include a share price hurdle.

During the period the Group granted 2,002,700 (2018: 2,107,030) shares under the scheme.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Set out below are summaries of shares granted under the scheme:

 

 

 

 

 

 Grant date

 Expiry date

 

 Exercise
Price

 Balance at the start of the period

 Granted

 Exercised

 Expired/
forfeited/
other

 

Balance at the end of the period

 

04/12/2017

04/12/2027

 

$0.60

2,000,000

 

 

 

 

2,000,000

 

31/08/2018

31/08/2028

 

$0.77

411,972

 

 

 

 

411,972

 

19/11/2018

25/11/2028

 

$0.47

1,595,058

 

 

 

 

1,595,058

 

03/12/2018

03/12/2028

 

$0.89

100,000

 

 

 

 

100,000

 

06/03/2019

06/03/2029

 

£0.5200

4,347,517

181,147

 

 

 

4,528,664

 

01/11/2019

01/11/2029

 

£0.7394

 

1,432,753

 

 

 

1,432,753

 

04/11/2019

04/11/2029

 

£0.7394

 

388,800

 

 

 

388,800

 

 

 

 

 

8,454,547

2,002,700

-

-

 

10,457,247

 

                                      

 

Employee share option scheme

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A share option plan has been established by the Group, whereby the Group may, at the discretion of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee, grant options over ordinary shares in the Company to certain key management personnel of the Group. The options are issued for nil consideration and are granted in accordance with performance guidelines established by the Nomination and Remuneration Committee.

 

During the period the Group granted 66,137 (2018: nil) options under the scheme.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Set out below are summaries of options granted under the scheme:

 

 

 

 

Grant date

 Expiry date

 

 Exercise
Price

 Balance at the start of the period

 Granted

 Exercised

 Expired/
forfeited/
other

 

Balance at the end of the period

 

20/09/2016

01/11/2021

 

$1.00

1,500,000

 

 

 

 

1,500,000

 

01/11/2019

01/11/2029

 

£0.7730

 

66,137

 

 

 

66,137

 

 

 

 

 

1,500,000

66,137

-

-

 

1,566,137

 

                           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the shares and options granted during the period, the valuation model inputs used in the Black-Scholes or Monte Carlo option pricing model to determine the fair value at the grant date, are as follows:

 

Grant date

 Expiry date 

 

 Share price at grant date

 Exercise price

 Expected volatility

 Dividend yield

 Risk-free interest rate

 

Fair value at grant date1

 

06/03/2019

06/03/2029

 

£0.7580

£0.5200

35.00%

1.20%

0.45%

 

$0.198

 

01/11/2019

01/11/2029

 

£0.7730

£0.7394

35.00%

1.20%

0.45%

 

$0.308

 

04/11/2019

04/11/2029

 

£0.7720

£0.7394

35.00%

1.20%

0.45%

 

$0.140

 

01/11/2019

01/11/2029

 

£0.7730

£0.7730

35.00%

1.20%

0.45%

 

$0.140

 

01/11/2019

01/11/2029

 

£0.7730

£0.7730

35.00%

1.20%

0.45%

 

$0.177

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The share-based payment expense during the financial period for this plan was $210,000.

1AUD amount. GBP equivalent £0.1050, £0.1638, £0.0744, £0.0744, £0.0940 respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note 13

Events after the reporting period

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As a subsequent event to the end of the interim period, LCM announced on 10 March 2020 a partial close of a third party fund giving it access, as fund manager to US$140 million of capital. The terms and benefits to LCM are set out in greater detail in the directors' report and announcement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Furthermore, cash of A$9.743 million has been received since the end of the interim period, being the receipt of a portion of the outstanding receivables due from investments which resolved during the financial period. 

 

Litigation Capital Management Limited

 

Directors declaration

 

31 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the directors' opinion:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

the attached financial statements and notes comply with the Corporations Act 2001, including:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a.  complying with Accounting Standard AASB 134: Interim Financial Reporting; and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b.  the attached financial statements and notes give a true and fair view of the consolidated entity's financial position as at 31 December 2019 and of its performance for the period ended on that date;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

there are reasonable grounds to believe that the company will be able to pay its debts as and when they become due and payable.

 

Signed in accordance with a resolution of directors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On behalf of the directors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Director

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dated this 17 day of March 2020.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                 

 


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